Cyana gazella ( Moore, 1872 )

Singh, Navneet, Volynkin, Anton V., Kirti, Jagbir Singh, Datta, Harvinder Singh & Ivanova, Maria S., 2020, A review of the genus Cyana Walker, 1854 from India, with descriptions of five new species and three new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae: Lithosiini), Zootaxa 4738 (1), pp. 1-93: 36

publication ID

publication LSID


persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Cyana gazella ( Moore, 1872 )


Cyana gazella ( Moore, 1872)  

( Figs 96, 97 View FIGURES 96–103 , 203 View FIGURES 203–205 , 267 View FIGURES 262–267 )

Bizone gazella Moore, 1872   , Proceedings of the general meetings for scientific business of the Zoological Society of London 1872: 572, pl. 33, fig. 4 (Type locality: “Masuri, N.W. Himalaya”).

Type material examined. Lectotype (designated herein): ♂, handwritten label “Ind.” / handwritten label “ Bizone gazella   . ♂, Moore (type)” / printed label “Type” / handwritten label “ A Moore’s type ♂ Bizone gazella   PRS.1872.572” / printed label “518” / “TYPE (printed) LEP.: No. 431 Bizone gazella Moore   (handwritten) HOPE DEPT. OXFORD (printed)” (Coll. OUMNH).  

Other material examined. JAMMU & KASHMIR: 1 ♀, Kashmere (Coll. NHMUK)   ; HIMACHAL PRADESH: 1 ♂, Dharmsala (Coll. NHMUK)   ; 1 ♂, 2 ♀, Kangra ( Hocking ) 86–69, slide NHMUK010313267 (♂) Volynkin (Coll. NHMUK)   ; UTTARAKHAND: 1 ♀, N India, Bhimtal, 1500m, 8–19.X.[19]80, Dr. Liedgens, slide MWM 34493 View Materials (♀) Volynkin (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; SIKKIM: 1 ♀, Sikkim, 2.VI.[18]89, J.G. Pilcher / 67.20. Ex coll. Ed Brabant. 1920 (Coll. NHMUK)   ; 1 ♀, Sikkim , IX.1909, F. Moller, 1910–140 (Coll. NHMUK)   ; 1 ♀, Sikkim, 2.VI.[18]89, J.C. Pilcher (Coll. NHMUK)   ; 2 ♀, India, Sikkim, Golitar , 26.IV.2009, (Coll. Rahul Joshi)   ; 2 ♂, Man- gan, 6.VI.2003, leg. Navneet Singh (Coll. NZCZSI)   ; 1 ♂, Sikkim, Yuksom , 12.V.2014, leg. H.S. Datta (Coll. NZC- ZSI)   . WEST BENGAL: 1 ♀, Gopaldhara, Darjeeling, 3440–5800’ (H. Stevens), slide AV2079   ♀ Volynkin (Coll. ZFMK)   ; 1 ♀, Gopaldhara, Darjeeling , 4720’ (H. Stevens), V.1912 Volynkin (Coll. ZFMK)   ; 1 ♂, India WB, Darjeel- ing, 2100 m, 28.VIII.–1.IX.1988, leg. W. Thomas (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 ♂, India WB, Darjeeling, Tigerhill , 2400 m, 29–31.VIII.1988, leg. W. Thomas (Coll. MWM / ZSM)   ; ASSAM: Assam, W.F. Badgley, IX., 1906–185, slide NHMUK010313268 (♂) Volynkin (Coll. NHMUK)   ; MEGHALAYA: 2 ♂, Khasis, Nat. Coll. (Coll. NHMUK)   .

Remark. Moore (1872) described the species based on an unknown number of syntypes of both sexes deposited in two collections. In order to stabilize the nomenclature, here we designate the male specimen deposited in OUMNH and labeled as “Type” as lectotype.

Diagnosis. Forewing length is 17–18.5 mm in males and 20–21.5 mm in females. Cyana gazella   is an unmistakable species due to its irregularly reticulate forewing pattern. Among other Cyana   species, only C. kubani Černý, 2016   (illustrated by Černý 2016 and Bayarsaikhan & Bae 2016) has similar reticulate forewing pattern, but it differs clearly from C. gazella   by its much smaller size, narrower forewing of both sexes, broader pattern elements, pale orange hindwing (in C. gazella   the hindwing is white or white with grayish suffusion), and its principally different genitalia structures (illustrated by Černý 2016 and Bayarsaikhan & Bae 2016). The male genital capsule of C. gazella   is similar to that of C. dohertyi   , but differs by the basally broader uncus, the slightly broader valva, the welldeveloped medial crest of valva, and the slightly shorter distal section of valva and the distal saccular process. The vesica of C. gazella   differs clearly from those of other relatives by the long dorsal diverticulum bearing a cluster of numerous robust spinules, and the presence of a broad distal cluster of robust spinules. The female genitalia of C. gazella   are most similar to those of C. dohertyi   , but differ by the broader and less sclerotized posterior section of corpus bursae with a lateral sclerotized broadly rounded protrusion.

Distribution. North and North East India (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, north of West Bengal, Meghalaya, Assam) ( Moore 1872; Strand 1922; Smetacek 2008), Nepal ( Kishida 1993), China (Yunnan) (present study), North Thailand and North Vietnam ( Černý & Pinratana 2009).


Natural History Museum, London


Bavarian State Collection of Zoology


Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig














Cyana gazella ( Moore, 1872 )

Singh, Navneet, Volynkin, Anton V., Kirti, Jagbir Singh, Datta, Harvinder Singh & Ivanova, Maria S. 2020

Bizone gazella

Moore 1872