Monarea fridae, Belokobylskij, Sergey A., Zaldívar-Riverón, Alejandro & Coronado-Blanco, Juana M., 2014

Belokobylskij, Sergey A., Zaldívar-Riverón, Alejandro & Coronado-Blanco, Juana M., 2014, Phylogenetic affinities of Monarea Szépligeti, 1904 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Doryctinae, with description of a new species from Mexico, Zootaxa 3795 (4), pp. 421-430 : 425-429

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3795.4.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:86D99803-D8AE-47B0-B3EF-EA66A66C9CFA

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6133745

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B8B527-1961-8F4D-FF0E-F8986FBEDE7C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Monarea fridae
status

sp. nov.

Monarea fridae sp. nov.

( Figs 2–25 View FIGURES 2 – 13 View FIGURES 14 – 25 )

Type material. Holotype (IB-UNAM): female: " México, Morelos, Tepalcingo, 4.5 km N El Limón, 12.52690 N, 98.94184 W, Alt. 1390 m ", "Selva Baja Caducifolia, golpeando vegetacion, 13 –X– 2012, Col. V.H. Toledo".

Paratypes. 1 male, ' México, Puebla, Jolalpan, Rancho el Salado, ladera W de Cerro Colorado, 18.33551 N, 98.9833 W ", " 1027 m, Selva Baja Caducifolia, 7–10 – 2010. Cols. V.N. Toledo, F. Hinterholzer, J.G. Martinez” ( UAEM); 1 male, " México, Morelos, Tlaquiltenango, 4 km NW de Santiopa, 18.44630 N, 98.95906 W, Alt. 1211 m ", "Selva Baja Caducifolia, golpeando vegetación, en. 06–VII– 2013, V.H. Toledo" ( ZISP); 1 male, " México, Morelos, Tlaquiltenango, 11 km NE Coaxitlán, 18.45457 N, 98.22207 W, Alt. 1046 m ", "Selva baja caducifolia, golpeando vegetación, 6 –VI– 2011, Col. V.H. Toledo" ( UATV); 1 male, " México: Jalisco, Estación de Biología Chamela, 10 –X –[19] 85, RA-Usela", "Trampa Malaise" (IB-UNAM).

Etymology. This species is named in honour to the famous Mexican painter Frida Kahlo, brilliant and tragic artist of the bohemian life of Mexico during the first half of the twentieth century.

Description. Female. Body length 20.0 mm; fore wing length 18.0 mm.

Head. In dorsal view, 1.4 times wider than median length, 1.15 times wider than mesoscutum. Head behind eyes (dorsal view) distinctly and roundly narrowed posteriorly. Transverse diameter of eye 1.3 times longer than temple (dorsal view). Ocellar triangle situated almost on middle of head (dorsal view). Ocelli medium-sized, in triangle with base 1.3 times its sides. POL 1.3 times Od, 0.5 times OOL. Eye with distinct wide emargination opposite antennal socket, 1.3 times higher than broad. Malar space 0.3 times height of eye, 0.5 times basal width of mandible. Face along eyes with distinct, wide, curved and strongly crenulate furrow, with deep and short depressions above clypeus; width of face 0.9 times height of eye and 0.85 times height of face and clypeus combined. Diameter of antennal socket 1.2 times distance between sockets. Clypeus 2.0 times wider than its median height. Hypoclypeal depression almost as wide as distance from edge of depression to eye, 0.5 times width of face.

Antennae slightly thickened, setiform, 82 -segmented, 1.3–1.4 times longer than body. Scape 1.5 times longer than maximum width (lateral view), about 3.0 times longer than pedicel. First flagellar segment almost 3.0 times longer than apical width, 1.1 times longer than second segment. Penultimate segment 2.0 times longer than width, 0.3 times as long as first flagellar segment, 0.7 times as long as apical segment.

Mesosoma long and high, its length 2.0 times maximum height. Mesoscutum 0.8 times as wide as median length. Median lobe of mesoscutum distinctly protruding anteriorly, distinctly convex on anterior margin. Notauli entirely smooth. Prescutellar depression almost smooth, with three distinct carinae, about 0.2 times as long as scutellum. Metanotum with distinct, short and wide median and two strongly convergent lateral carinae, posterior convex area wide and distinct. Sternaulus quite shallow, entirely smooth, running along most of lower part of mesopleuron.

Wings. Fore wing 3.6 times longer than maximum width. Metacarp (R 1) 1.6 times longer than pterostigma. Second radial abscissa (3 RSa) slightly sinuate, 1.8 times longer than first abscissa (r), both forming an almost straight line, 0.55 times as long as slightly sinuate third abscissa (3 RSb), 1.7 times longer than first radiomedial vein (2 RS). Second radiomedial (second submarginal) cell 2.7 times longer than its maximum width, 0.9 times as long as the wide brachial (first subdiscal) cell. First medial abscissa ((RS+M)a) slightly sinuate. Recurrent vein (mcu) 1.8 times longer than second abscissa of medial vein ((RS+M)b), 1.8 times longer than first radiomedial vein (2 RS). Mediocubital vein (M+CU) slightly curved posteriorly. Nervulus (1 cu-a) almost interstitial. Brachial (first subdiscal) cell almost 3.0 times longer than its maximum width. Hind wing 4.5 times longer than maximum width. First abscissa of mediocubital vein (M+CU) 1.1 times longer than second abscissa (until basal vein) (M).

Legs. Hind coxa 1.4 times longer than wide. Hind femur 3.8 times longer than wide. Hind tarsus 1.1 times longer than hind tibia. Second segment of hind tarsus 0.4 times as long as basitarsus, 3.8 times longer than fourth segment, 1.8 times longer than fifth segment (without pretarsus).

Metasoma 1.4 times longer than head and mesosoma combined. First tergite slightly convex dorsally (lateral view), distinctly and almost linearly widened from base to apex (dorsal view). First tergite 2.0 times longer than its apical width, 1.7 times longer than propodeum; maximum width of tergite 1.7 times its minimum width before spiracular tubercle. Median length of second tergite 0.8 times basal width, almost equal to length of third tergite. Ovipositor sheath 1.3 times longer than metasoma, 2.5 times longer than mesosoma, 0.85 times as long as fore wing.

Sculpture and pubescence. Head smooth, face entirely coarsely and large rugose-reticulate, clypeus densely rugulose. Mesoscutum smooth, with two convergent carinae in medioposterior 0.3 of mesoscutum. Scutellum and mesopleuron entirely smooth, posterior mesopleural suture entirely coarsely and evenly crenulate. Propodeum without areas, entirely smooth; metapleuron smooth. Hind coxa and femur entirely smooth. First and second tergites smooth. Remaining tergites in fine and dense or very dense setose punctation. Vertex almost entirely with dense and long dark setae. Mesoscutum with short, dark and semi-erect or erect setae arranged interruptedly along notauli and marginally. Hind tibia dorsally with numerous and dense short, and sparse long dark semi-erect setae, length of long setae about 0.6 times maximum width of hind tibia.

Colour. Body mainly black, mesopleuron and mesosternum red. Antennae entirely black. Palpi dark brown to black. Legs entirely black, only anterior trochantellus reddish. Ovipositor sheath black. Fore wing very strongly darkened, dark brown to almost black, with narrow oblique light brown stripe cross first radiomedial cell and with narrow subhyaline line along second abscissa of medial vein. Pterostigma entirely dark brown to black.

Male. Body length 12.7–17.3 mm; fore wing length 10.0– 13.2 mm. Head behind eyes (dorsal view) slightly convex in anterior half and weakly roundly narrowed in posterior half. Transverse diameter of eye about as long as temple. Ocelli arranged in triangle with base 1.2–1.3 times its sides. Antenna 73–82 -segmented. First flagellar segment 2.6 –3.0 times longer than apical width. Mesosoma slightly depressed, its length 2.15–2.30 times maximum height. Notauli usually sculptured in short anterior part. Prescutellar depression slightly and sparsely rugulose, with three distinct carinae, 0.25–0.30 times as long as scutellum. Propodeum more or less distinctly rugulose posteriorly. Fore wing 3.4–3.7 times longer than maximum width. Metacarp (R 1) 1.4–1.6 times longer than pterostigma. Second radial abscissa (3 RSa) 1.6–1.8 times longer than first radiomedial vein (2 RS). Second radiomedial (second submarginal) cell 2.3–2.5 times longer than its maximum width. Recurrent vein (1 m-cu) 1.6–2.1 times longer than second abscissa of medial vein ((RS+M)b), 1.4–1.7 times longer than first radiomedial vein (2 RS). Nervulus (1 cu-a) weakly postfurcal or interstitial. Brachial (second subdiscal) cell 2.7 –3.0 times longer than its maximum width. Hind coxa 1.8 –2.0 times longer than wide. Hind femur 4.0– 4.5 times longer than wide. Hind tarsus 1.15–1.20 times longer than hind tibia. Second segment of hind tarsus about 3.0 times longer than fourth segment. Metasoma narrow. First tergite 2.5 –3.0 times longer than apical width, 1.8 –2.0 times longer than propodeum; maximum width of tergite 1.5–1.6 times its minimum width before spiracular tubercle. Median length of second metasomal tergite 1.10–1.35 times basal width, 0.7–0.8 times length of third tergite. Second tergite sometimes punctate with fine additional rugulosity.

Diagnosis. Monarea fridae sp. nov. is morphologically similar to M. tripartita , but differs from it by having the pterostigma entirely black (pale yellow in M. tripartita ), mesopleuron red (black in M. tripartita ), transverse diameter of female eye 1.3 times longer than temple (almost equal to temple in M. tripartita ), malar space 0.5 times basal width of mandible (longer in M. tripartita ), ovipositor sheath distinctly shorter than body (usually equal to body in M. tripartita ), first tergites distinctly widened towards apex behind spiracular tubercles (weakly widened towards apex in M. tripartita ), and second metasomal tergite longer, 0.8 times as long as basal width (shorter, 0.6 times as long as basal width in M. tripartita ).

Distribution. Central Mexico.

Comments. Males of M. fridae differ from females by having the head widened behind eyes, temple about equal to longitudinal diameter of eye, hind coxa long and narrow, metasoma slightly depressed, first and second metasomal tergites narrower.

UAEM

Univeridad Autonoma de Morelos

ZISP

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Monarea