Apopyllus atlanticus, Azevedo, Guilherme H. F., Ott, Ricardo, Griswold, Charles E. & Santos, Adalberto J., 2016

Azevedo, Guilherme H. F., Ott, Ricardo, Griswold, Charles E. & Santos, Adalberto J., 2016, A taxonomic revision of the ground spiders of the genus Apopyllus (Araneae: Gnaphosidae), Zootaxa 4178 (3), pp. 301-327: 320-321

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4178.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2EE90745-EEA2-4ECA-A82B-EFC246495682

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B9562D-F549-FF93-B582-D537FA9BCE37

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Apopyllus atlanticus
status

new species

Apopyllus atlanticus   new species

Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 G, 4G, 5G, 6G, 7G, 8G, 9E –F, 10H, 11H, 12H, 13H, 14C Type material. Male holotype from Mampituba, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (29°12'42.22"S 49°56'9.52"W), 01.XI.2006, A. Gonçalves et al. coll., deposited in MCN 52307 View Materials GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: two females, same data as the holotype ( MCN 52303 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. The specific name is a reference to the distribution of this species mainly in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil.

Diagnosis. Females can be distinguished by the elongated paramedian epigynal pockets, forming an anteriorly directed angle with each other, by the thick AR, by the secondary spermatheca with diameter at least two thirds as long as the primary spermatheca, by the TPD curved dorsally and by the curved (not parallel) PDT ( Figs 10 View FIGURE 10 H, 11H, 12H, 13H). Males can be distinguished by the following combination of characters: the very pointed terminal part of RTA in dorsal and retrobasal views ( Figs 7 View FIGURE 7 G, 8G, 9F), by the gently curved dorsal keel of RTA in apical view ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 E) and by the rhomboidal shape of RTA in retrobasal view ( Figs 7 View FIGURE 7 G, 8G, 9F).

Description. Male (holotype). Total length 4.98. Carapace 2.33 long, 1.85 wide. Femur II 1.52 long. Eye sizes and interdistances: AME 0.08, ALE 0.10, PME 0.08, PLE 0.06, AME –AME 0.06, AME –ALE 0.01, PME – PME 0.06, PME –PLE 0.03, ALE –PLE, 0.03. MOQ length 0.23, front 0.21, back 0.23. Cymbium widened at level of retrolateral incision. RTA very long, bearing a toothed keel and 2–3 distal teeth. Leg spination: femora III p0-0-1, patellae III p0-0-1, tibiae III v1-2 -2, p1-1-1, r 1-1-1, femora IV p0-0-1, patellae p0-0-1, tibiae IV v1-2 -2.

Female (paratype). Total length 7.08. Carapace 2.49 long, 1.98 wide. Femora II 1.65 long. Eyes sizes and interdistances as in male. Female genitalia with elongated openings. Leg spination: femora III p0-1-1, r0-1-1, patellae III p0-0-1, r0-0-1, tibiae III d0-0-1, v1-2 -2, p1-2-1, r 1-1-1, femora IV p0-1-1, r0-0-1, patellae p0-1-1, r0- 0-1, tibiae IV d0-0-1, v1-2 -2, p1-3-1, r1-3-1.

Variation. A few specimens have epigynal pockets not so thin and elongated as in the holotype.

Material examined. BRAZIL: Bahia: Abaíra, Distrito de Catolés , Pico da Serra do Barbado, 13º17'27"S, 41º54'6"W, 2033 m, 1Ƌ, 3.XI.2013 GoogleMaps   , L.S.Carvalho coll. (CHNUFPI 613); Porto Seguro , 16º23'21"S, 39º10'1.5"W, 126 m, 4Ƌ, 16.V.2012 GoogleMaps   , L.D. Audino coll. (UFMG 16790, 16791), 16º38'48.1"S, 39º6'0.1"W, 27 m, 1Ƌ, 21.V.2012, L.D. Audino coll. (UFMG 16835), 16º8'27.6"S, 39º9'23.4"W, 91 m, 2Ƌ, 29.V.2012, L.D. Audino coll. (UFMG 16828); Mato Grosso do Sul: Três Lagoas, Horto Barra do Moeda , 20º57'0"S, 51º47'0"W, 1Ƌ, 16.V.2009 GoogleMaps   , M. Uehara-Prado coll. ( UFMG 5080 View Materials ), ditto, 3Ƌ, 18.V.2009 GoogleMaps   , M. Uehara-Prado coll. (UFMG 5082); Minas Gerais: Catas Altas, RPPN Serra do Caraça , 20º5'S, 43º29'W, 1Ƌ, IV –V.2002 GoogleMaps   , Equipe Biota coll. ( IBSP 148889 View Materials ), Juatuba, Área de Preservação da COPASA, Serra Azul / Rio Manso , 20º8'60"S, 44º27'0", 4Ƌ 1 juvenile, 18–24.IV.2002   , Equipe Biota coll. ( IBSP 149306, 149321), Nova Lima   , RPPN Mata Samuel de Paula , 20º0'S, 43º52'W GoogleMaps   , 967m, 1Ƌ, 29.IV –1.V.2007, J.P.P. Pena-Barbosa et al. coll. (UFMG 2526), Ouro Preto, Parque Estadual do Itacolomi, 20º26'5.3"S, 43º30'32.6"W, 1326 m, 25Ƌ 11♀, 11–13.IV.2008, K.P. Santos et al. coll. (UFMG 2361, 2435), 1Ƌ 1♀ 2–4.XI.2007, K.P. Santos et al. (UFMG 2065, 2066), Santa Bárbara, RPPN Santuário do Caraça, Pico do Sol , 20º4'8.17"S, 43º30'17.21"W, 1210 m, 1Ƌ, 15.IX.2010 GoogleMaps   , L.N. Perillo coll. ( UFMG 6691 View Materials ), Santana do Riacho, Parque Nacional da Serra do Cipó, Travessão , 19º19'34"S, 43º30'21"W GoogleMaps   , 1215 m, 1Ƌ, 10– 14.II.2001, E.S.S. Álvares & E.O. Machado coll. ( UFMG 488 View Materials ), São Gonçalo do Rio Abaixo , Estação de Preservação e Desenvolvimento Ambiental de Peti, 19º58'23"S, 43º29'57"W GoogleMaps   , 820 m, 1♀, 8–9.XII.2012, G.H.F. Azevedo et al. coll. (UFMG 12652); Paraíba: Cabaceiras , 7º29'25"S, 36º17'16"W, 1Ƌ, 26.V.2012, R.L. Andrade coll. (CHNUFPI 1448) GoogleMaps   ; Pernambuco: Serra Talhada, Fazenda Saco, Mata da Pimenteira , 7º53'S, 38º18'W, 1Ƌ, X.2008, M. Carvalho coll. ( UFMG 4336 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Rio Grande do Sul: Augusto Pestana , 28º31'2"S, 53º59'31"W, 1♀, 10.I.2009, L.V. Silva et al. coll. ( MCTP 27336 View Materials ), 1Ƌ, 12.XII.2008, L.V. Silva et al. coll. ( MCTP 26610 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 24.I.2009, L.V. Silva et al. coll (MCTP 27337), 2♀, 24.II.2009, L.V. Silva et al. coll. (MCTP 27339, 27340), 1Ƌ, 04.X.2009, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 32459), 5♀, 10.I.2009, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 27345–42736), 1♀, 12.XI.2008, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 26618), 1♀, 12.XII ..2008, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 26617), 1♀, 18.IV.2009, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 27347), 1♀, 24.I.2009, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 27338), 1m, 1♀, 25.X.2009, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 32511), 1♀, 27.XI.2008, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 26622), 1♀, 27.XI.2008, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 26625), 1♀, 27.XI.2008, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 26623), 1♀, 27.XII.2008, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 26626), 2♀, 27.XII.2008, L. V. Silva coll. (MCTP 26628), Cambará do Sul, 29º8'54"S, 50º4'8"W, 1Ƌ, XII.2004, M.V. Petry et al. coll. ( MCTP 31222 View Materials ), Capão do Leão GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 15.I.2008, J. L. O. Rosado col l. (MCN 46781), Horto Florestal, Erchim, 1♀, 31.III –14.IV.2012, R. Moraes coll. ( MCN 52 View Materials 308), Itaara , 29º34'60"S, 53º46'59"W, 1Ƌ 1♀, XI.2006 GoogleMaps   , A.A. Lise coll. (MCTP 20764, 20765), 1♀, II.2007, A. A. Lise et al. coll. (MCTP 20770), 1♀, XI.2006, A. A. Lise et al. coll. (MCTP 20769); Mampituba , 1♀, 3Ƌ, 01.XI.2006, A. Gonçalves coll. ( MCN 52303 View Materials ), Roça da Estância, Mampituba, 1Ƌ, 0 1   . XI.2 0 0 6, A. Gonçalves coll. (MCN 52307), 1♀, 08.V.2006, A. Gonçalves col l. (MCN 52306), Três Passos, Morrinhos do Sul, 1Ƌ, 01.XI.2006, A. Gonçalves coll. ( MCN 52304 View Materials )   . Santa Catarina: Blumenau , Parque Municipal das Nascentes do Ribeirão Garcia, 27º1'S, 49º1'W, 1♀, 18.V.2005 GoogleMaps   , R.C. Francisco coll. ( IBSP 122688 View Materials ), Guatambú , 27º6'1"S, 52º45'0"W GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 04.IX.2009, R.C. Francisco coll. ( MCTP 26637 View Materials ); São Paulo: Itirapina, Estação Ecológica de Itirapina, 22º16'49"S, 48º7'10"W, 31Ƌ, 2001 GoogleMaps   , C. Bertim coll. ( IBSP 126285, 126288, 126300), Jundiaí , Parque Estadual da Serra do Japi, 23º17'S, 46º59'W GoogleMaps   , 822m, 1Ƌ, XII.2007, J. Sobjack coll. (UFMG 6527).

Distribution. Southern, southeastern and northeastern Brazil, mainly in Atlantic Forest ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 C).

MCN

McNeese State University

UFMG

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

MCTP

Museu de Ciencias

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Gnaphosidae

Genus

Apopyllus