Zethus rufinodus (Latreille)

Genaro, Julio A., 2011, Vespidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Puerto Rico, West Indies, Insecta Mundi 2011 (202), pp. 1-35: 15-16

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5161518

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BA87A7-FFA0-FFB2-FF05-FE2AE2DBFF4B

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Zethus rufinodus (Latreille)
status

 

Zethus rufinodus (Latreille)  

( Fig. 48 View Figures 45-50 )

Eumenes rufinoda Latreille, 1806   : Tab. 14 fig. 4; 1809: 137 - “in Americae insulis” (lectotype male MNHN). � Bohart and Stange 1962: 31 (designation of lectotype)   .

Zethus rufinodis   ; Lamarck 1817: 85.

Zethus rufinodus   ; Dewitz 1881: 200 (Portorico). � Ståhl 1882: 201. � Gundlach 1887: 158. � Ashmead 1900: 312. � Zavattari 1912: 11 (key), 23 (in division Zethusculus   ). � Wolcott   1924: 41; 1936: 568; 1941: 156; 1951: 860. � Torres and Snelling 1992: 93.

Zethus rufinodus monensis Bohart and Stange, 1965: 138   (key), 147, fig. 98, male, female (in subgenus Zethusculus   ) � “West Indies: Mona Island” (holotype male MCZH). REVISED STATUS.

Zethus rufinodus virginicus Bohart and Stange, 1965: 138   (key), 147, male (in subgenus Zethusculus   ) � “S. Thomas” (UZMC). REVISED STATUS.

Aside from Greater Puerto Rico, this species is recorded from Antigua ( Bohart and Stange 1965). In the revision by Bohart and Stange (1965), it was treated as a polytypic species with three subspe� cies, two of them described in that revision. The subspecies Zethus rufinodus monensis   , from Mona, and Zethus rufinodus virginicus   , from St. Thomas, are very minor color variants, differing in relative amounts of pale markings on the scutellum and metanotum, and the shading of red and yellow. We see no useful reason to maintain these subspecies, and herewith synonymize them.

Wolcott   (1941, 1951) has recorded this species nesting in rotten fenceposts, and provided flower records. According to Wolcott   (1951) its burrows may be so numerous as to require replacement of the fencepost.

SUBFAMILY POLISTINAE  

The two genera recorded here are each the only member of their respective tribe ( Carpenter 1991). Polistes   is cosmopolitan, but has more species described from the Neotropics than any other Region, while Mischocyttarus   is primarily Neotropical, with a few species in the Nearctic Region. Species of the two genera form nearly the entirety of the social wasp fauna in the Caribbean.

A recent key to the polistine genera in the New World is provided by Carpenter (2004b), and species keys are to be found in Richards (1978).

The concept of the phylogenetic relationships among polistine genera has varied in recent analy� ses. In the analysis of adult morphology by Carpenter (1991), Polistes   was the sister�group of all other polistine genera, with the position of Mischocyttarus   not resolved relative to the tribes Ropalidiini   and Epiponini   . The position of both Polistes   and Mischocyttarus   was unresolved in the analysis of nest archi� tecture by Wenzel (1993). Polistes   was the sister�group of all other polistine genera, with Mischocyttarus   sister�group of the remaining genera in turn in the combined analysis of adult and larval morphology and nest architecture by Wenzel and Carpenter (1994). With the addition of molecular data ( Arévalo et al. 2004) Polistes   was still the sister�group of all other polistine genera with the position of Mischocyttarus   unresolved again. But the relationships of the tribes were different in the combined analysis of molecular and morphological data by Pickett and Carpenter (2010), with Polistes   the sister�group of Epiponini   , and Mischocyttarus   the sister�group of this clade. The matter is far from settled.

TRIBE MISCHOCYTTARINI  

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eumenidae

Genus

Zethus

Loc

Zethus rufinodus (Latreille)

Genaro, Julio A. 2011
2011
Loc

Zethus rufinodus monensis

Bohart, R. M. & L. A. Stange 1965: 138
1965
Loc

Zethus rufinodus virginicus

Bohart, R. M. & L. A. Stange 1965: 138
1965
Loc

Eumenes rufinoda

Bohart, R. M. & L. A. Stange 1962: 31
1962
Loc

Zethus rufinodus

Torres, J. A. & R. R. Snelling 1992: 93
Wolcott, G. N. 1951: 860
Wolcott, G. N. 1941: 156
Wolcott, G. N. 1936: 568
Wolcott, G. N. 1924: 41
Zavattari, E. 1912: 11
Ashmead, W. H. 1900: 312
Gundlach, J. 1887: 158
Stahl, A. 1882: 201
Dewitz, H. 1881: 200
1881
Loc

Zethus rufinodis

Lamarck, J. B. P. A. 1817: 85
1817