Polistes crinitus (Felton)

Genaro, Julio A., 2011, Vespidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Puerto Rico, West Indies, Insecta Mundi 2011 (202), pp. 1-35: 17

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5161518

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BA87A7-FFA2-FFB0-FF05-FD6DE61EFCCC

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Polistes crinitus (Felton)
status

 

Polistes crinitus (Felton)  

( Fig. 50 View Figures 45-50 )

Vespa crinita Felton, 1765: 54   , pl. VI right fig. - “Island of Jamaica ” (lost).

Vespa tricolor Fabricius, 1775: 369   � “ Jamaica ” (type depository unknown) [junior primary homonym of Vespa tricolor Pallas, 1771   ]. � de Saussure 1853a: 93 (syn. of P. americanus (Fabricius))   .

Vespa americana Fabricius, 1775: 370   � “America” (UZMC). REVISED STATUS.

Vespa multicolor Olivier, 1792: 691   � “Cayenne” (type depository unknown). � de Saussure 1853a: 94 (syn. of P. americanus (Fabricius))   . REVISED STATUS.

? Vespa dominicensis Vallot, 1802: 168   � “Saint�Domingue” (probably lost). � de Saussure 1854: 103 (species dubiae; in subgenus Polistes   , possibly P. americanus   ).

Polistes americana   ; Fabricius, 1804: 275. � Dewitz 1881: 199 ( P. americanus   ; Portorico). � Ståhl 1882: 201 ( P. americanus   ). � Gundlach 1887: 158 ( P. americanus   ). � Ashmead 1900: 311 ( P. americanus   ). � Wolcott   1951: 862 �864 ( P. americanus   ). � García Tudurí et al. 1974: 130 ( P. americanus   ; Desecheo). � Medina Gaud and Martorell 1974: 270 ( P. americanus   ; Caja de Muertos).

Polistes media Palisot de Beauvois, 1818: 207   , pl. VIII fig. 2 - “Sainte-Domingue” (type depository un-un� known). � de Saussure 1853a: 94 (syn. of P. americanus (Fabricius))   .

Polistes madoci Kirby, 1884: 411   , female � “St. Thomas” (BMNH). � Richards 1978: 515 (syn. of P. crinitus americanus (Fabricius))   .

Polistes canadensis   ; Wolcott   1924: 41; 1936: 567. Misidentification.

Polistes crinitus   ; Wolcott   1924: 41; 1936: 567; 1941: 155 (record of P. canadensis   from Puerto Rico belongs here). � Ramos 1946: 68. � Miskimen and Bond 1970: 109. � Snelling 1992: 13 (Guana), 14 (Mona); 2005: 289 (Guana).

Polistes crinitus var. americanus   ; Salt 1927: 185.

Polistes crinitus var. insulicola Bequaert and Salt, 1931: 793   , female � “ St. Kitts (or St. Christopher) ... Basseterre” (Cornell University, Ithaca). � Richards 1978: 515 (syn. of P. crinitus multicolor (Olivier))   .

Polistes crinitus insulicola   ; Beatty 1944: 171.

Polistes crinitus var. multicolor   ; Richards and Richards 1951: 96.

Polistes crinitus crinitus   ; Richards 1978: 471 (key), 514 (in subgenus Aphanilopterus   ).

Polistes crinitus americanus   ; Wolcott   1951: 864

Polistes crinitus multicolor   ; Richards 1978: 471 (key), 515 (in subgenus Aphanilopterus   ).

Polistes tricolor   ; Overal 1978: 10.

This species was described from Jamaica, and is widespread in the Antilles. In the revision by

Richards (1978), it was treated as a polytypic species with three subspecies. The forms concerned were originally described as separate species, then synonymized by de Saussure (1853�1858). In the last century the names were revived as varieties, with another variety then   described by Bequaert and Salt (1931), which later came to be treated as subspecies. In Richards’ conception, P. crinitus americanus   is the subspecies predominant in Greater Puerto Rico, with P. c. crinitus   restricted to Jamaica, Hispaniola and Montserrat, while P. crinitus multicolor   is found in St. Croix and the Lesser Antilles, as well as Montserrat. In Richards’ key these subspecies differ in the relative amounts of black, ferruginous and yellow coloration. The differences are not large: there is more black on the metasoma and more yellow on the mesosoma in P. crinitus americanus   , while the scutum is ferruginous in P. crinitus crinitus   but is black or with reddish spots in P. crinitus multicolor   . However, as his key stated of the latter “(speci� mens from Martinique approach P. c. crinitus   ).” These latter forms, then, are not well distinguished, nor is the form Polistes crinitus var. insulicola   , which Richards treated as a synonym of P. crinitus multicolor   . And in fact P. crinitus americanus   is not as distinct as portrayed in the key: Richards gave “Humeri almost entirely yellow” for P. crinitus americanus   versus “Humeri with only front and hind margins yellow, disk black and ferruginous,” but P. crinitus americanus   we have collected in Puerto Rico typically have the front and hind margins yellow, and just part of the dorsal surface black; the lateral surface is black with occasional reddish tinge. The variation among these forms is continuous, with the more melanistic extreme found in Puerto Rico. Dividing such variation into named subspecies is a poor way to treat it, and it does not work well in any case. We are therefore sinking these subspecies. Wolcott   (1924) mentioned caterpillar prey, and avian predation on this species in Puerto Rico. Wolcott   (1951) elaborated on the ethology of the species, and mentioned Cordyceps   attack. There are otherwise just isolated description of nests from elsewhere in its range ( Richards and Richards 1951).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eumenidae

Genus

Polistes

Loc

Polistes crinitus (Felton)

Genaro, Julio A. 2011
2011
Loc

Polistes crinitus crinitus

Richards, O. W. 1978: 471
1978
Loc

Richards, O. W. 1978: 471
1978
Loc

Polistes tricolor

Overal, W. L. 1978: 10
1978
Loc

Richards, O. W. & M. J. Richards 1951: 96
1951
Loc

Wolcott, G. N. 1951: 864
1951
Loc

Polistes crinitus insulicola

Beatty, H. A. 1944: 171
1944
Loc

Polistes crinitus var. insulicola

Richards, O. W. 1978: 515
Bequaert, J. & G. Salt 1931: 793
1931
Loc

Salt, G. 1927: 185
1927
Loc

Polistes canadensis

Wolcott, G. N. 1936: 567
Wolcott, G. N. 1924: 41
1924
Loc

Polistes crinitus

Snelling, R. R. 1992: 13
Miskimen, G. W. & R. M. Bond 1970: 109
Ramos, J. A. 1946: 68
Wolcott, G. N. 1941: 155
Wolcott, G. N. 1936: 567
Wolcott, G. N. 1924: 41
1924
Loc

Polistes madoci

Richards, O. W. 1978: 515
Kirby, W. F. 1884: 411
1884
Loc

Polistes media

Saussure, H. L. F. 1853: 94
1853
Loc

Polistes americana

Garcia Tuduri, J. C. & S. Medina Gaud & L. F. Martorell 1974: 130
Medina Gaud, S. & L. F. Martorell 1974: 270
Wolcott, G. N. 1951: 862
Ashmead, W. H. 1900: 311
Gundlach, J. 1887: 158
Stahl, A. 1882: 201
Dewitz, H. 1881: 199
Fabricius, J. C. F. 1804: 275
1804
Loc

Vespa dominicensis

Saussure, H. L. F. 1854: 103
Vallot, J. N. 1802: 168
1802
Loc

Vespa multicolor

Saussure, H. L. F. 1853: 94
Olivier, A. G. 1792: 691
1792
Loc

Vespa tricolor

Saussure, H. L. F. 1853: 93
Fabricius, J. C. 1775: 369
1775
Loc

Vespa americana

Fabricius, J. C. 1775: 370
1775
Loc

Vespa crinita

Felton, S. 1765: 54
1765