Lapsias tayrona, Muñoz-Charry & Galvis & Martínez, 2022

Muñoz-Charry, Valentina, Galvis, William & Martínez, Leonel, 2022, Jumping spiders of the tribe Lapsiini Maddison (Salticidae: Spartaeinae) from Colombia: new species and records, Zootaxa 5129 (3), pp. 356-373 : 361-362

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5129.3.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:38886994-C718-49EE-B9FC-0EAFADD7D5D1

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6501006

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BC500D-3526-FFE9-FF17-FF65FD7DFCA1

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lapsias tayrona
status

sp. nov.

Lapsias tayrona sp. nov.

Figs 12–19 View FIGURES 12–13 View FIGURES 14–19 , 57 View FIGURE 57

Type material. Holotype: ♂ from Hacienda Hierba Buena , Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta , San Pedro de la Sierra, Ciénaga, Magdalena, 2104 m, 10.895138°N, 73.99961°W, 3.III.2017, L. Martínez (ICN-Ar 9974) GoogleMaps . Paratypes: 3♀ 1♂, the same data as holotype (ICN-Ar 9975–9976) GoogleMaps ; 1♂ from same locality, El Chuscal, 2300 m, 10.8°N, 73.65°W, 16.VI-1.VII.2001, J. Cantillo (IAvH-I-3116) GoogleMaps .

Etymology. The epithet honors an extinct indigenous civilization from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Caribbean region of Colombia, which inhabited the Cesar, Magdalena and La Guajira departments, and whose descendants currently correspond to the Arhuaco, Kankuamo, Kogui and Wiwa peoples. To be treated as an arbitrary combination of letters, and hence without the need to agree in gender with the genus.

Diagnosis. Males of this species are distinguished from those of the remaining species in the genus by their long embolus (e) which emerges prolaterally and has the final portion inserted in the concavity of the accessory tegular apophysis (Ta), and a short and rectangular retrolateral tibial apophysis (RTA) ( Figs 14–17 View FIGURES 14–19 ). Females differ from the others by the anteriorly placed spermathecae (sp), lateral copulatory ducts (cd), the posteromedial copulatory openings (co) and the overhanging projection arising between the copulatory openings reaching the posterior margin of the epigynal plate; the projection has an intermediate length between L. guamani and L. lorax ( Figs 18–19 View FIGURES 14–19 ).

Description. Male (holotype). Total length: 5.39. Carapace brown, 2.57 long, 1.91 wide, 1.46 high ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 12–13 ). OC brown with eyes on dark marks, 1.03 long. Anterior eye row 1.64 wide and posterior 1.64 wide. Sternum brown, 0.98 long, 0.91 wide. Labium brown, 0.34 long, 0.44 wide. Chelicerae brown, with two retromarginal and three promarginal teeth. Palp brown, with a slender and long embolus (e), small hook-like median apophysis (ma) located centrally in the bulb and surrounded by membranous tissue and a small rectangular retrolateral tibial appophysis (RTA) ( Figs 18–19 View FIGURES 14–19 ). Leg formula: 4132, all brown with yellow marks. Leg macrosetae: femur, I p 1 di; II p 1 di, d 1 di; III–IV d 2 di; patella, I p 1 me; II–IV d 2 me; tibia, I v 2–2–2, p 0–1–1, r 1 di; II v 1–2–2, p 0–1–1, r 1 di; III v 2–0–2, p 1 di, r 0–1–1; IV v 2–1–1, p 0–1–1, r 1–1–1; metatarsus, I v 2–2, p 1 di, r 1 di; II v 2–2, p 1–1–1, r 1–1–1; III v 2–2, p 1–1–1, r 1–1–1, d 2 di; IV v 0–1–1, p 1–1–2, r 1–2–2, d 1 di. Abdomen dark brown with dispersed yellow spots and posteromedial chevron marks ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 12–13 ).

Female. (paratype, ICN-Ar 9975). Total length 4.40. Carapace brown, 1.95 long, 1.57 wide, 1.18 high ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 12–13 ). OC brown with eyes on dark marks, 0.94 long. Anterior eye row 1.41 wide and posterior 1.38 wide. Sternum brown, 0.88 long, 0.81 wide. Labium brown, 0.36 long, 0.38 wide. Chelicerae brown, with two retromarginal and three promarginal teeth. Leg formula: 4132, all brown with yellow marks. Leg macrosetae: femur, I–II p 1 di; III d 3 di; IV 2 di; patella, II p 1 me; III–IV d 2 me; tibia, I v 2–2–2; II v 1–2–2, p 0–1–1; III v 1–0–1, p 1–1, r 1–1; IV v 1–0–2, p 1–1–1, r 1–1–1; metatarsus, I v 2–2; II v 2–2, p 1–1; III v 2 di, p 0–2–2, r 0–2–2, d 2 di; IV v 0–1–2, p 1– 1–2, r 1–1–2, d 0–1–2. Abdomen dark brown with a dispersed yellow spots and posteromedial chevron marks ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 12–13 ). Epigynum ( Figs 18–19 View FIGURES 14–19 ) with copulatory openings (co) in a single posteromedial oval cavity, an overhanging lobe that reaches the posterior margin of the epigynal plate arising between the copulatory openings.

Variation. (n= 3 females) Total length 4.20–4.60. Carapace length 1.86–2.04.

Distribution and Comments. Known only from its type locality ( Fig. 57 View FIGURE 57 ). All the material examined was collected in a secondary high-Andean moist forest.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Lapsias