Bracon (Glabrobracon) hemiflavus SZÉPLIGETI, SZEPLIGETI, 1901

Papp, J., 2008, A revision of the Bracon (subgenera Bracon s. str., Cyanopterobracon, Glabrobracon, Lucobracon, Osculobracon subgen. n., Pigeria) species described by SZÉPLIGETI from the western Palaearctic Region (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Braconinae), Linzer biologische Beiträge 40 (1), pp. 1741-1837: 1758-1760

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5431644

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BC87A3-FF80-1E68-FF10-DE5BA466FC1E

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Valdenar

scientific name

Bracon (Glabrobracon) hemiflavus SZÉPLIGETI
status

 

Bracon (Glabrobracon) hemiflavus SZÉPLIGETI   ( Figs 137-147 View Figs 137-146 View Figs 147-154 )

Bracon hemiflavus SZÉPLIGETI 1901a: 268   (in key: couple-leads 37, 48) and 281 (description) (in Hungarian), 1904 (1901): 187 (in key) and 192 (description) (in German), type locality: " Budapest " ( Hungary), female holotype in Magyar Természettudományi Múzeum, Budapest; examined. - FAHRINGER 1927: 291 (in key) and 1928: 464 (redescription), assigned to "Section Glabrobracon   ". TELENGA 1936: 148 (), 154 () (in keys), 202 (redescription) (in Russian) and 350 (), 357 () (in keys, in German). SHENEFELT 1978: 1573 (as synonym of B. maculiger after PAPP 1966: 386, literature up to 1969). TOBIAS 1986: 133 (in key, in Russian). PAPP 2004: 175 (type depository).

Bracon turcmenus TELENGA 1936: 148   (in key), 204 (redescription) (in Russian) and 350 (in key), 389 (description) (in German), type locality: "Turkmenien, Aschabad ", female lectotype in Zoological Institute, Sankt Petersburg; not examined. - TOBIAS 1958: 98 and 1986: 133 (in key, as synonym of B. hemiflavus   ). SHENEFELT 1978: 1573 (as synoym of B. maculiger WESMAEL).

T y p e d e s i g n a t i o n: Designation of the female lectotype of Bracon hemiflavus   : (first label, printed) " K.Tétény / Szépligeti" (Kistétény is currently a district of Budapest); (second label) [18]"99.VI.6." (handwritten) / "Szépligeti" (printed); third label is my lectotype card and fourth label is with the inventory number "1328". - Lectotype is in less good condition: (1) micropinned by mesosoma left-laterally; (2) right flagellum missing, left flagellum deficient; (3) left pair of wings missing; (4) missing: tarsomeres 4-5 of right middle leg, tarsomeres 2-5 of right hind leg and fifth tarsomere of left middle leg.  

M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d (22 + 12). - Hungary: 6 + 2 from eight localities. Slovakia: 1. Croatia: 1. Macedonia: 1. Romania: 1. Greece: 1. France: 1. Spain: 1. Italy: 2 from two localities. Cyprus: 3 + 4 from five localities. Israel: 1. Syria: 1. Turkey: 2 from one locality. Iran: 1 + 3 from one locality. Turkmenistan: 2 from one locality.

R e d e s c r i p t i o n of the female lectotype of Bracon hemiflavus: Body   5 mm long. Left antenna deficient, flagellum with 15 flagellomeres. First flagellomere 1.2 times and 15 th flagellomere cubic, i.e. just broader than long. (According to the original description antenna with 32 antennomeres, Szépligeti l.c.) - Head in dorsal view ( Fig. 137 View Figs 137-146 ) transverse, 1.8 times as broad as long, eye 1.35 times as long as temple, temple rounded, occiput excavated. Eye in lateral view clearly 1.5 times as high as wide and almost 1.4 times wider than temple, temple evenly wide beyond eye ( Fig. 138 View Figs 137-146 , see arrows). Oral opening one-fifth wider horizontally than shortest distance between opening and compound eye ( Fig. 139 View Figs 137-146 ). Head polished. Face laterally finely uneven.

Mesosoma in lateral view 1.5 times as long as high, polished. Notaulix just distinct. Propodeum polished. - Hind femur almost 3.6 times as long as broad medially ( Fig. 140 View Figs 137-146 ). Claw clearly downcurved, its basal lobe fairly large ( Fig. 141 View Figs 137-146 ).

Fore wing as long as body. Pterostigma ( Fig. 142 View Figs 137-146 ) nearly 2.7 times as long as wide and issuing r slightly proximally from its middle; r just one-third shorter than width of ptertostigma; 3-SR 1.65 times as long as 2-SR, SR1 straight, 1.3 times longer than 3-SR and approaching tip of wing; 1-R1 clearly 1.5 times length of pterostigma ( Fig. 142 View Figs 137-146 ). First discal cell fairly high, 1-M twice as long as m-cu, the two veins parallel with each other; 1-SR-M just bent and 1.26 times length of 1-M ( Fig. 143 View Figs 137-146 ).

First tergite ( Fig. 144 View Figs 137-146 ) broad, i.e. as long as broad behind, pair of spiracles near before its middle, beyond spiracles almost parallel-sided. Second tergite 3.1 times as wide behind as long laterally and as long as third tergite; suture between tergites 2-3 bisinuate, deep and almost smooth. Every tergite polished. Hypopygium pointed, ovipositor sheath long, as long as hind tarsus + tibia + two-thirds of hind femur ( Fig. 145 View Figs 137-146 ).

Ground colour of body blackish brown to black with much reddish yellow to testaceous pattern. Oral organs with palpi brown. Light coloured: margin of eye and cheek, pronotum, imaginary line of notaulix, tegula, tergites laterally; sternites yellowish. Legs brown; light to yellowish brown: fore tibia + tarsus, proximal half of middle tibia and proximal two-thirds of hind tibia. Wings brownish fumous, pterostigma brown with a great basal yellow spot, veins brown to light brown.

Variabile features of the female (22): Similar to the female lectotype. Body 4.8-5.2 mm, usually 5 mm, long. Antenna about as long as head, mesosoma and two-thirds of metasoma combined. Antenna with (22-)26-32(-34) antennomeres. First flagellomere 1.2-1.3 times as long as broad, further flagellomeres gradually shortening so that middle 12-16 flagellomeres subcubic to cubic, last 8-10 flagellomeres attenuating so that penultimate flagellomere 1.1-1.2(-1.3) times as long as broad. - Head in dorsal view usually 1.8 times, exceptionally 1.75-1.9 times, as broad as long. Hind femur (3.1-)3.3-3.6 times as long as broad medially ( Fig. 146 View Figs 137-146 ). 3-SR 1.5-1.6 times as long as 2-SR. First tergite exceptionally either with broadening sides beyond pair of spiracles, or somewhat longer than broad behind ( Fig. 147 View Figs 147-154 ), or slightly shorter than broad behind; second tergite exceptionally with fine longitudinal striation. Ovipositor sheath shorter than to as long as body. Colour of body usually as in lectotype, less usually ground colour of body reddish yellow to testaceous with a few dark pattern.

R e d e s c r i p t i o n of the male (12): Similar to the female. Body 3.5-4(-4.5) mm long. Antenna shorter than body and with 26-36 antennomeres. Flagellomeres either similar to those of the female or flagellomeres 1.3-1.4 times longer than broad. Head in dorsal view 1.7-1.8 times as broad as long. Hind femur 2.9-3.3 times as long as broad medially, nearly evenly broad. First tergite either as long as broad behind or 1.1-1.2 times longer than broad behind. Ground colour of body either blackish to black with light pattern or reddish yellow with dark pattern, rarely body (with legs) entirely black (melanic form).

N e w h o s t s (1) Gortyna xanthenes GERMAR   (Lep. Noctuidae   ). (2) Larinus flavescens GERMAR   and Rhinocyllus conicus FRÖLICH   (Col. Curculionidae   ).

D i s t r i b u t i o n: western Palaearctic Region.

R e m a r k s: Within the subgenus Glabrobracon   the species B. hemiflavus   is nearest to

B. lividus TELENGA   and B. chrysostigma GREESE   considering their more or less reddish

yellow body, form of first tergite and fairly long ovipositor sheath; the three species are

distinguished by the features keyed:

1 (2) Temple in dorsal view more or less receded ( Fig. 148 View Figs 147-154 ). Claw more long and its basal lobe slightly more pointed ( Fig. 149 View Figs 147-154 ). First tergite 1.1-1.2 times as long as broad behind, margin of scutum crenulate ( Fig. 150 View Figs 147-154 ). Pterostigma brown to light brown, wings hyaline.: 3.5-4 mm ............................ B. (Gl.) lividus TELENGA 1936  

2 (1) Temple in dorsal view rounded ( Fig. 137 View Figs 137-146 ). Claw less long and its basal lobe less pointed ( Figs 141 View Figs 137-146 , 151 View Figs 147-154 ). First tergite of variable length, margin of scutum not crenulate ( Figs 144 View Figs 137-146 , 152, 153 View Figs 147-154 ).

3 (4) Second submarginal cell of fore wing less long, 3-SR 1.2-1.3 times as long as 2-SR, SR1 reaching tip of wing ( Fig. 154 View Figs 147-154 ). Basal lobe of claw not pointed, large ( Fig. 151 View Figs 147-154 ). First tergite 1.1-1.3 times as long as broad behind ( Figs 152, 153 View Figs 147-154 ). Pterostigma yellow, wings subhyaline to faintly fumous.: 3-5(-5.5) mm................. ................................................................................ B. (Gl.) chrysostigma GREESE 1928  

4 (3) Second submarginal cell of fore wing long, 3-SR 1.5-1.6 times as long as 2-SR, SR1 approaching to almost reaching tip of wing ( Fig. 142 View Figs 137-146 ). Basal lobe of claw pointed, less large ( Fig. 141 View Figs 137-146 ). First tergite as long as broad behind ( Fig. 144 View Figs 137-146 ), exceptionally slightly longer ( Fig. 147 View Figs 147-154 ) or broader. Pterostigma bicoloroured: brown basally with a great yellow spot ( Fig. 142 View Figs 137-146 ).: 3.5-5.2 mm .............................. ............................................................................... B. (Gl.) hemiflavus SZÉPLIGETI 1901  

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Bracon

Loc

Bracon (Glabrobracon) hemiflavus SZÉPLIGETI

Papp, J. 2008
2008
Loc

Bracon turcmenus

SHENEFELT R 1978: 1573
TELENGA N 1936: 148
1936
Loc

Bracon hemiflavus SZÉPLIGETI 1901a: 268

PAPP J 2004: 175
TOBIAS V 1986: 133
SHENEFELT R 1978: 1573
PAPP J 1966: 386
TELENGA N 1936: 148
SZEPLIGETI Gy 1901: 268
1901