Bracon (Glabrobracon) minutator (FABRICIUS)
Papp, J., 2008, A revision of the Bracon (subgenera Bracon s. str., Cyanopterobracon, Glabrobracon, Lucobracon, Osculobracon subgen. n., Pigeria) species described by SZÉPLIGETI from the western Palaearctic Region (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Braconinae), Linzer biologische Beiträge 40 (1), pp. 1741-1837: 1766-1769
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|Bracon (Glabrobracon) minutator (FABRICIUS)|
Ichneumon minutator FABRICIUS 1798: 225 , type locality: "Halae Saxonum Dom." ( Germany), female lectotype (designated by Van ACHTERBERG 1982: 137) in Zoological Museum, Copenhagen; examined.
Bracon minutator ( FABRICIUS 1798) : FABRICIUS 1804: 110 (type species of the genus Bracon: Van ACHTERBERG l.c.). MARSHALL 1888: 96. SZÉPLIGETI 1904 (1901): 159 (in key) and 165 (redescription, misinterpreted). FAHRINGER 1927: 240 (), 247 () (in key) and 326 (redescription, misinterpreted), assigned to "Section Striobracon". TELENGA 1936: 158 (), 168 () (in key), 233 (redescription) (in Russian) and 361 (), 371 () (in key, in German, misinterpreted). TOBIAS 1958: 93 (in key, in Russian, misinterpreted), assigned to subgenus Bracon s.str.; 1986: 129 (in key, in Russian, misinterpreted). PAPP 1968: 191 (in key), 203 (taxonomic remark, misinterpreted), 1990: 277 (first correct subgeneric assignment: assigned to subgenus Glabrobracon ). SHENEFELT 1978: 1511 (synonyms, literature up to 1974). TOBIAS & BELOKOBYLSKIJ 2000: 135 (in key, in Russian, misinterpreted: assigned to subgenus Bracon s.str.).
Bracon tener SZÉPLIGETI 1904: 189 (in key) and 194 (description) (in German), type locality: "P.-Maróth" (=Pilismarót, Hungary), female lectotype (and three female paralectotypes) in Magyar Természettudományi Múzeum, Budapest; examined. - FAHRINGER 1927: as valid species 294 (in key) and 1928: 489 (redescription), assigned to "Section Glabrobracon ". TELENGA 1936: as valid species 146 (in key), 196 (redescription) (in Russian) and 348 (in key, in German). PAPP 1966: as valid species 377 (in key) and 390 (redescription, type designations). SHENEFELT 1978: 1582 (as valid species, literature up to 1966). TOBIAS 1986: 134 (as valid species in key, in Russian). PAPP 2004: 182 (type designations and depository, as jun. syn. of B. minutator ).
T y p e d e s i g n a t i o n: Designation of the female lectotype of Bracon minutator : (first label) "minutator" (original handwriting by Fabricius?); second label is the lectotype card by Van Achterberg 1980; third label is with the locality name " Germania / Halae Saxonum" adopted after Fabricius l.c. and attached by me. - Lectotype is in fairly good condition: (1) pinned by mesosoma, pin fairly thick and pricked on a polyporus stage; (2) body and wings somewhat dirty and with (mouldy?) filaments; (3) left flagellum missing, right flagellum deficient, i.e. only with 12 flagellomeres.
R e m a r k s on the lectotype of B. minutator : (1) The species B. minutator , together with B. urinator , are the first two species described by FABRICIUS in 1798 originally in the genus Ichneumon and later, in 1804, he transfered them into the genus Bracon which genus has been created by him. - (2) Van ACHTERBERG (l.c.) pointed out that in the Fabricius Collection (Copenhagen) the type series of B. minutator consists of four female specimens of which the first female is representing the true B. minutator ; the rest of the three females (without original labels) are not conspecific and were identified by me as follows: 1: B. caudiger NEES , 1: B. subrugosus SZÉPLIGETI and 1: B. variator NEES (this latter specimen is representing a light or albanic form of the nominate B. variator viewing its metasoma with yellow ground colour and tergites medially with a row of dark maculae). - (3) The female lectotype of B. tener is identical with the female lectotype of B. minutator , consequently, several specific features observed somewhat less well on the lectotype of B. minutator were quasi controlled on those of the lectotype of B. tener .
Designation and condition of the types (female lectotype and three female paralectoty-
pes) of B. tener SZÉPLIGETI see in PAPP 2004: 182.
M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d (67 + 38): Hungary: 52 + 28 from 39 localities. England: 2 from two localities. France: 3 from two localities. Denmark: 1. Sweden: 2 from two localities. Germany: 1 + 1 from two localities. Switzerland: 2 from two localities. Czech Republic: 1. Italy: 1 + 1 from two localities. Serbia ( Kosovo): 1 + 1 from one locality. Bulgaria: 2 + 2 from four localities. Cyprus: 1. Algeria: 1. Jordan: 1. Armenia: 1 + 1 from two localities.
R e d e s c r i p t i o n of the female lectotype of B. minutator: Body 4.2 mm long. First flagellomere 1.8 times and twelfth flagellomere 1.3 times as long as broad. - Head in dorsal view ( Fig. 209 View Figs 209-219 ) transverse, 1.8 times as broad as long, eye 1.35 times as long as temple, temple rounded, occiput weakly excavated. Eye in lateral view 1.6 times as high as wide and just wider than temple ( Fig. 210 View Figs 209-219 , see arrows). Horizontal diameter of oral opening 1.25 times as long as shortest distance between opening and compound eye ( Fig. 211 View Figs 209-219 ). Head polished, face laterally uneven.
Mesosoma in lateral view 1.5 times as long as high, polished. Notaulix hardly distinct. Propodeum polished, lunule with a short keel, around it with rugulae. - Hind femur 3.1 times as long as broad medially ( Fig. 212 View Figs 209-219 ). Claw downcurved and fairly long, its basal lobe large (cf. Fig. 6 View Figs 1-14 ).
Fore wing as long as body. Pterostigma ( Fig. 213 View Figs 209-219 ) 2.85 times as long as wide, issuing r from its middle; r clearly 0.6 times as long as width of pterostigma; second submarginal cell fairly long, 3-SR 1.25 times as long as 2-SR, SR1 straight, 1.8 times longer than 3- SR and approaching tip of wing; 1-R1 almost 1.5 times as long as length of pterostigma. First discal cell usual in size, 1-M almost 1.8 times longer than m-cu, 1-SR-M just bent and nearly 1.3 times as long as 1-M ( Fig. 214 View Figs 209-219 ).
First tergite ( Fig. 215 View Figs 209-219 ) as long as broad behind, before pair of spiracles strongly and beyond them weakly broadening, scutum smooth, shiny and with a weak and short pair of carinae. Second tergite transverse, 2.9 times as wide behind as long laterally, third tergite a bit longer than second tergite, suture between them bisinuate, smooth. Second and further tergites polished. Ovipositor sheath short, as long as hind tarsomeres 1-2 combined.
Head and mesosoma black. Antenna blackish. Oral opening and mandible yellowish, palpi brown. Tergites reddish yellow with a row of black to blackish maculae. Legs light reddish yellow, coxae black, femora 1-2 basally and tibiae 2-3 apically blackish to dark brown. Wings subfumous, pterostigma and veins light brown.
Variability of the females (67): Similar to the female lectotype. Body 4-4.5(-5) mm long. Antenna about as long as body and with 29-33 antennomeres. First flagellomere 1.6-1.8 times and penultimate flagellomere 1.5-1.7 times as long as broad, flagellum proximo-distally slightly attenuating ( Fig. 216 View Figs 209-219 ). Head in dorsal view ( Fig. 217 View Figs 209-219 ) 1.8-1.9 times, usually 1.8 times, as broad as long, eye 1.3-1.4 times longer than temple, temple rounded ( Figs 209, 217 View Figs 209-219 ) to less rounded (cf. Fig. 15 View Figs 15-23 ). Hind femur 3.1-3.3 times as long as broad medially (cf. Fig. 16 View Figs 15-23 , Fig. 212 View Figs 209-219 ). First tergite parallel-sided, third tergite longer than second tergite (cf. Fig. 17 View Figs 15-23 ). Tergites 2-3 or tergite 2 rarely rugulose ( Fig. 218 View Figs 209-219 ) to rugose. Pair of carinae of scutum frequently missing, or, rarely, distinct (cf. Figs 17 View Figs 15-23 , Fig. 215 View Figs 209-219 ). Hind femur proximally blackish (4) or black pattern of legs more extended than in the female lectotype. Black maculae of tergites of variable extend to almost entirely black tergites (9).
D e s c r i p t i o n of the males (38): Similar to the females. Body (3.2-) 3.5-4.5 mm long. Antenna somewhat longer than body and with (26-)30-35 antennomeres. Flagellomeres 1.8-2.4 times longer than broad. Hind femur 3-3.3 times as long as broad medially or somewhat distally. First tergite usually somewhat longer than broad behind, its sides either slightly broadening ( Fig. 219 View Figs 209-219 ) or parallel. Legs frequently with less black(ish) pattern.
H o s t uncertain: SHENEFELT (1978) listed 9 lepidopterous, 7 dipterous and 2 coleopterous host species, all are in need to be confirmed owing to the misinterpretation of the braconid parasitoid B. minutator .
D i s t r i b u t i o n: Europe.
common feature the short ovipositor apparatus; the four species are distinguished with
the following key:
1 (2) Eye in dorsal view 1.3-1.4 times as long as temple ( Figs 209, 217 View Figs 209-219 ). First tergite as long as broad behind, second tergite polished ( Fig. 215 View Figs 209-219 ), at least (and exceptionally) antero-medially uneven-subrugulose ( Fig. 218 View Figs 209-219 ). Claw as in Fig. 18 View Figs 15-23 . Hind femur less thick, 3.1-3.5 times as long as broad medially (cf. Fig. 16 View Figs 15-23 , Fig. 212 View Figs 209-219 ). Tergites reddish yellow to rusty, medially with a row of dark brown to black(ish) maculae or with a median dark streak.: 4-4.5(-5) mm,: (3.2-) 3.5-4.5 mm ................................. ............................................................................... B. (Gl.) minutator ( FABRICIUS 1798)
2 (1) Eye in dorsal view 1.6-1.8 times as long as temple ( Figs 2 View Figs 1-14 , 89 View Figs 88-98 , 105 View Figs 99-107 ). First tergite either broader behind than long ( B. abbreviator , B. curticaudis ) or longer than broad behind ( B. terebella ); Second tergite either more or less rugulose ( Figs 9 View Figs 1-14 , 97 View Figs 88-98 )
3 (4) Temple in dorsal view strongly rounded ( Fig. 2 View Figs 1-14 ). First tergite with a transverse distinct carina across scutum ( Fig. 9 View Figs 1-14 ). Hind femur slightly thick, 2.7-2.9 times as long as broad ( Figs 5, 11 View Figs 1-14 ). Claw slightly less downcurved, its basal lobe less pointed ( Fig. 6 View Figs 1-14 ). Legs reddish yellow.: 3.5-4.5 mm .................................................. ....................................................................................... B. (Gl.) abbreviator NEES 1834
4 (3) Temple in dorsal view rounded ( Figs 89 View Figs 88-98 , 105 View Figs 99-107 ). First tergite without transverse carina across scutum ( Figs 97 View Figs 88-98 , 104 View Figs 99-107 ). Hind femur less thick, 3-3.3 times as long as broad ( Fig 93 View Figs 88-98 ). Claw slightly more downcurved ( Figs 94 View Figs 88-98 , 106 View Figs 99-107 ). Legs more or less black.
5 (6) First tergite somewhat broader behind than long, beyond pair of spiracles with broadening sides ( Fig. 97 View Figs 88-98 ). Suture between tergites 2-3 distinct, bisinuate, deep; third tergite 1.3-1.4 times longer than second tergite ( Fig. 97 View Figs 88-98 ). Head in dorsal view slightly more transverse, 1.8 times as broad as long ( Fig. 89 View Figs 88-98 ). Claw as in Fig. 94 View Figs 88-98 . SR1 of fore wing approaching tip of wing ( Fig. 95 View Figs 88-98 ). Tergites medially dark coloured.: (3-) 3.5-4.5 mm,: 3.4 mm .............. B. (Gl.) curticaudis SZÉPLIGETI 1901
6 (5) First tergite somewhat longer than broad behind, beyond pair of spiracles parallelsided ( Fig. 104 View Figs 99-107 ). Suture between tergites 2-3 less distinct, weakly bisinuate to almost straight; third tergite a bit longer than second tergite ( Fig. 104 View Figs 99-107 ). Head in dorsal view slightly less transverse, 1.7 times as broad as long ( Fig. 105 View Figs 99-107 ). Claw as
in Fig. 106 View Figs 99-107 . SR1 of fore wing reaching tip of wing ( Fig. 107 View Figs 99-107 ). Tergites usually widely dark coloured.: (2-) 3-4.5 mm ................... B. (Gl.) terebella WESMEAL 1838
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Bracon (Glabrobracon) minutator (FABRICIUS)
|Papp, J. 2008|
Bracon tener SZÉPLIGETI 1904: 189
|PAPP J 2004: 182|
|TOBIAS V 1986: 134|
|SHENEFELT R 1978: 1582|
|SZEPLIGETI Gy 1904: 189|
Bracon minutator ( FABRICIUS 1798 )
|SHENEFELT R 1978: 1511|
|PAPP J 1968: 191|
|TELENGA N 1936: 158|
|MARSHALL T 1888: 96|
|FABRICIUS J 1804: 110|
|FABRICIUS J 1798: 225|