Bracon (Glabrobracon) abbreviator NEES

Papp, J., 2008, A revision of the Bracon (subgenera Bracon s. str., Cyanopterobracon, Glabrobracon, Lucobracon, Osculobracon subgen. n., Pigeria) species described by SZÉPLIGETI from the western Palaearctic Region (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Braconinae), Linzer biologische Beiträge 40 (1), pp. 1741-1837: 1743-1747

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5431644

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BC87A3-FF93-1E7D-FF10-DE7EA466FD73

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Bracon (Glabrobracon) abbreviator NEES
status

 

Bracon (Glabrobracon) abbreviator NEES   ( Figs 1-14 View Figs 1-14 )

Bracon abbreviator NEES 1834: 75   (syntype series?, destroyed), type locality: "e Sudetis" ( Poland). - SZÉPLIGETI 1901: 265 (in key, in Hungarian) and 1904 (1901): 176-177 (in key, in German). FAHRINGER 1927: 269 (in key) and 372 (redescription), assigned to "Section Orthobracon   )". TELENGA 1936: 176 (in key), 299 (redescription) (in Russian) and 379 (in key, in German). PAPP 1969: 321 (in key) and 322 (distribution, taxonomic remark), assigned to the subgenus Lucobracon   . SHENEFELT 1978: 1615 (assigned to subgenus Lucobracon   , literature up to 1969). TOBIAS 1986: 137 (in key, in Russian).

Bracon abscissor NEES 1834: 75   (syntype series?1 +?2, destroyed), type locality::?Sickershausen ( Germany),: "Sudetis" ( Poland) and "Magno-Ducatu Badensi" ( Germany). - SZÉPLIGETI 1901: as valid species 266 as "abscissor" (in key, in Hungarian) and 1904 (1901): 185, 189 as "abcissor" (in key, in German). FAHRINGER 1927: as valid species 288, 295 (), 303, 306 () (in key), 1928: 433 (redescription) assigned to "Section Glabrobracon   ". TELENGA 1936: as valid species 146 (), 155 () (in key), 194 (redescription) (in Russian) and 348 (), 358 () (in German). SHENEFELT 1978: as valid species (literature up to 1974). Van ACHTERBERG 1982: 137 (as synonym of B. minutator FABRICIUS   ). TOBIAS 1986: 129 (in key, as synonym of B. minutator   , in Russian).

Bracon eutrephes MARSHALL 1897: 73   (type series:?1), type locality: " Iles Baléares (Palma de Mallorca)" ( Spain), female lectotype in Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest; examined. - SZÉPLIGETI 1901: as valid species 266 (in key, in Hungarian) and 1904 (1901): 185 (in key, in German). FAHRINGER 1927: as valid species 288 (in key) and 1928: 457 (redescription), assigned to "Section Glabrobracon   ". TELENGA 1936: as valid species 145 (in key), 193 (redescription) (in Russian) and 347 (in key, in German). SHENEFELT 1978: 1569 (as valid species, literature up to 1956). PAPP 2003: 139 (type depository, synonymization);

Braco oostmaeli WESMAEL 1838: 57   (syntype series 1), type locality: "dans les bruyères d’Oostmael, dans la Campine" ( Belgium), female holotype (present designation) in Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Bruxelles; examined. - THOMSON 1894: 1815 (as synonym of B. abscissor NEES   ). SHENEFELT 1978: 1555 (as synonym of B. abscissor   , literature up to 1945).

Braco regularis WESMAEL 1838: 44   (syntype series 4), type locality: "environs de Bruxelles " ( Belgium), male lectotype (and two male paralectotypes, present designations) in Institut royal des Scinces naturelles de Belgique, Bruxelles; examined. - THOMSON 1894: 1815 (as synonym of B. abscissor NEES   ). SHENEFELT 1978: 1555 (as synonym of B. abscissor   , literature up to 1953).

Bracon rufigaster SZÉPLIGETI 1901a: 264   (in key) and 279 (description) (in Hungarian), 1904 (1901): 176 (in key) and 181 (description) (in German) (syntype series 2), type locality: "Fonyód" (holotype) and "P.-Maróth" (=Pilismarót, paratype) ( Hungary), female lectotype (and one female paralectotype) in Magyar Természettudományi Múzeum, Budapest; examined. - FAHRINGER 1927: as valid species 252 (in key) and 369 (redescription), assigned to "Section Lucobracon   ". TELENGA 1936: as valid species 170 (, in key) and 269 (redescription) (in Russian) and 372 (in key, in German), assigned to Orthobracon   . TOBIAS 1961: 167 as synonym of B. abscissor NEES 1986: 129   as synonym of B. minutator FABRICIUS. SHENEFELT 1978: 1555   (as synonym of B. abscissor NEES   after TOBIAS l.c., literature up to 1961). PAPP 2004: 180 (type designation and depository, as synonym of B. minutator   : misidentification).

T y p e d e s i g n a t i o n s: Designation of the female neotype of Bracon abbreviator NEES   identical with the female lectotype of Bracon rufigaster SZÉPLIGETI   : (first label, printed) "Fonyód / Szépligeti"; second label is the lectotype card of B. rufigaster   given by me (in 1968); third label is the inventory number 1394; fourth label is the neotype card of B. abbreviator NEES.   - Neotype (or lectotype) is in fairly good condition: (1) micropinned; (2) left flagellum distally deficient. - The designation of the female neotype of B. abbreviator NEES   was needed because (1) the destruction of the Nees Collection at the end of the second world war and (2) its unambiguous distinction from the two species ( B. curticaudis SZÉPLIGETI   , B. minutator FABRICIUS   ) standing very near to it. The selection of the lectotype of B. rufigaster   for the neotype status is justified by its matching in all respects to the original description of B. abbreviator   by Nees (l.c.). After the description of B. abbreviator   by NEES in 1834 the species have been described again by WESMAEL (1838) and by MARSHALL (1897) under the names oostmaeli, regularis (by Wesmael) and eutrephes (by Marshall). The type series of B. oostmaeli   and B. eutrephes   are in poor condition, on one hand, and the type series of B. regularis   is based on three male specimens, on the other - namely the three type series are unappropriate to select of them the neotype specimen.

Designation of the female paralectotype of B. rufigaster SZÉPLIGETI   : (first label, printed) "P.-Maróth / Szépligeti" (= Pilismarót , Hungary)   ; second label is the paralectotype card given by me (in 1968); third label is with the inventory number 1395; fourth label is with the actual name B. abbreviator NEES   given by me. - Paralectotype is in fairly poor condition: (1) pinned by mesosoma; (2) right flagellum missing, left flagellum apically deficient; (3) missing: right fore leg (except coxa), tarsomeres 2-5 of right middle and hind legs, tibiae + tarsi of left middle and hind legs.

Designation of the female lectotype of Bracon eutrephes MARSHALL   : (first label attached by me in 1989, my handscript) " Spain / Iles Baléares / Palma de Mallorca"; (second label medio-longitudinally with a red line) "eutrephes M." (handscript) / "Coll. Marshall" (printed); third label is the lectotype card given by me (in 1990); fourth label is with the inventory number 10556; fifth label is with the actual name B. abbreviator NEES   given by me. - Lectotype is in rather poor condition:(1) micropinned; (2) body more or less mouldy; (3) antennae (except left scape + pedicel) and tarsomeres 4-5 of right hind leg missing.

Designation of the female lectotype of Braco oostmaeli WESMAEL   : (first label, printed) "Coll. Wesmael"; (second label, printed) "2083"; (third label, printed red) "Type"; (fourth label) "Braco oostmaeli mihi " (handscript) "det. C. Wesmael" (printed); fifth label is with the locality name " Belgique / Oostmael / Campine" given by me (with my handscript); sixth label is the lectotype card attached by me; seventh label is with the actual name B. abbreviator NEES   given by me; - Lectotype is in fairly poor condition: (1) micropinned (micropin thick); (2) head missing; (3) missing: right fore wing, right fore leg, tarsomeres 3-5 of left fore leg.

Designation of the male lectotype of Braco regularis WESMAEL   : (first label, printed) "Coll. Wesmael"; (second label, printed) "2057"; (third label, printed red) "Type"; (fourth label) "Braco regularis mihi " (handscript) "det. C. Wesmael" (printed); fifth label is with the locality name " Belgique / Bruxelles " given by me (with my handscript); sixth label is the lectotype card attached by me; seventh label is with the actual name B. abbreviator NEES   given by me. - Lectotype is in fairly good condition: (1) micropinned; (2) flagelli apically deficient; (3) right hind leg (except coxa + trochanters) missing.

Designation of the two male paralectotypes of Braco regularis WESMAEL   : labels 1-5 and 7-8 are identical to those of the lectotype; sixth label is the paralectotype card attached by me. - Two paralectotypes are in fairly good (1) and fairly poor (1) condition: (1) micropinned); (2) flagelli apically deficient; (3) metasoma and fore pair of legs (except coxae + trochanters) missing (1).

M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d (47 + 21): Hungary: 24 + 15 from 18 localities. Slovakia: 1 + 1 from two localities. Romania (Transylvania): 3 from three localities. Slovenia: 1. England: 1 + 1 from two localities. Germany: 3 + 1 from four localities. Austria: 1. Czech Republic: 2 from two localities. Spain: 2 from two localities. Italy: 1. Macedonia: 1. Greece: 4 from four localities. Cyprus: 1. Israel: 1. Jordan: 1. Georgia: 1. Armenia: 1. Algeria: 1.

D e s c r i p t i o n of the female neotype of Bracon abbreviator NEES   (identical with the female lectotype of Bracon rufigaster SZÉPLIGETI   ): Body 4 mm long. Antenna about as long as body and with 33 antennomeres (right antenna); left antenna deficient: with 12 flagellomeres. First flagellomere 1.5 times and penultimate flagellomere 1.75 times as long as broad, flagellum proximo-distally slightly attenuating ( Fig. 1 View Figs 1-14 ). - Head in dorsal view ( Fig. 2 View Figs 1-14 ) transverse, 1.8 times as broad as long, eye 1.75 times longer than temple, temple rounded, occiput excavated. Eye in lateral view 1.45 times as high as wide and 1.8 times wider than temple ( Fig. 3 View Figs 1-14 , see arrows). Horizontal diameter of oral opening 1.4 times as long as shortest distance between opening and compound eye ( Fig. 4 View Figs 1-14 ). Head polished, face very faintly subrugulose.

Mesosoma in lateral view nearly 1.6 times as long as high, polished. Notaulix distinct, shallow. Propodeum polished, around lunule with short striolae and issuing a short and week carina. - Hind femur fairly thick, nearly 2.8 times as long as broad medially ( Fig. 5 View Figs 1-14 ). Claw downcurved, its basal lobe fairly large and of peculiar form ( Fig. 6 View Figs 1-14 ).

Fore wing as long as body. Pterostigma ( Fig. 7 View Figs 1-14 ) 2.6 times as long as wide and issuing r from its middle, r 0.6 times as long as width of pterostigma; 3-SR 1.25 times as long as 2-SR, SR1 straight, 1.8 times longer than 3-SR and reaching tip of wing; 1-R1 clearly 1.5 times as long as pterostigma. First distal cell less high, 1-M 1.8 times longer than m-cu, 1-SR-M just bent and 1.45 times as long as 1-M ( Fig. 8 View Figs 1-14 ).

First tergite ( Fig. 9 View Figs 1-14 ) broad, somewhat broader behind than long, beyond pair of spiracles weakly broadening, scutum with a transverse carina, its lateral margin anteriorly with subcrenulae, otherwise uneven to polished. Second tergite transverse, 3.2 times as broad behind as long laterally, antero-medially rugulose ( Fig. 9 View Figs 1-14 ). Suture between tergites 2-3 bisinuate and fairly deep, smooth. Third tergite 1.4 times longer than second tergite, together with further tergites polished. Hypopygium pointed, ovipositor sheath short, as long as hind tarsomeres 1-4 combined ( Fig. 10 View Figs 1-14 ).

Ground colour of head and mesosoma black, metasoma reddish yellow. Scape and pedicel black, flagellum brownish black. Orbits faintly rusty. Oral opening, mandible and mouthparts yellow. Cheek rusty. Pronotum and tegula darkening reddish yellow. Scutum anteriorly black. Legs reddish yellow, fifth tarsomere brownish. Wings brownish fumous, pterostigma and veins faintly opaque brown.

R e d e s c r i p t i o n of the female paralectotype of Bracon rufigaster SZÉPLIGETI   : Similar to the female lectotype of B. rufigaster   or female neotype of B. abbreviator   . Body 4.5 mm long. Left flagellum apically damaged and with 29 antennomeres (right flagellum missing). Pterostigma 2.5 times as long as wide.

Variable features of the females (47) of B. abbreviator: Body   (3.5-)3.8-4.2(-4.5) mm. Antenna with 29-35, usually with 31-33, antennomeres. Exceptionally flagellomeres 2.1-2.2 times as long as broad (2). Head in dorsal view rarely about 1.9 times as broad as long. Hind femur 2.7-2.9, usually 2.8 times, as long as broad medially ( Fig. 11 View Figs 1-14 ). Pterostigma 2.5-2.6 times, exceptionally three times (3), as long as wide. First tergite very broad, 1.25 times broader behind than long, beyond pair of spiracles clearly broadening (4) ( Fig. 12 View Figs 1-14 ); transverse carina of scutum sometimes shortened on lateral side of scutum ( Fig. 13 View Figs 1-14 ).

Variable features of the males (21) of B. abbreviator: Similar   to the female. Body 3.5-4(-4.5) mm long. Antenna as long as to somewhat longer than body and with (29-)33-38 antennomeres. Flagellomeres 1.8-2(-2.2) times as long as broad. Head in dorsal view 1.75-1.9 times as broad as long. First tergite slightly longer to somewhat broader behind than long, with more or less broadening sides beyond pair of spiracles, rarely (3) parallel-sided ( Figs 14 View Figs 1-14 ). Mesosoma black, pronotum rarely with faint rusty suffusion. Tegula yellow to brownish. Scutum of first tergite black to partly black. Metasoma apically blackish to black. Hind coxa more or less black to blackish.

Bracon (Glabrobracon) abbreviator var. abscissor ( NEES 1834)   : The variety differs   from the nominate form by a few colour features: (1) tergites with a median row of black maculae to forming a black streak, (2) hind pair of coxae partly to (almost) entirely black, (3) femuri-tibiae with variable black(ish) pattern.

H o s t s: Anthonomus pomorum LINNAEUS   (Col. Coleophoridae   ). Lipara lucens MEIGEN   (Dipt. Chloropidae   ), Cephus pygmaeus LINNAEUS   (Hym., Cephidae   ), Coleophora troglodytella DUPONCHEL   (Lep. Coleophoridae   ), Pandemis heparana HÜBNER   , Rhyacionia buoliana DENIS & SCHIFFERMÜLLER   (Lep. Tortricidae   ), Cochylis posterna ZELLER (Lep. Cochylidae   ), Pennisetia hylaeiformis LASPEYRES   (Lep. Sesiidae   ); Mesapamea secalis LINNAEUS   , Oria musculosa HÜBNER   , Sesamia nonagrioides LEFEBRE   (Lep. Noctuidae   ).

D i s t r i b u t i o n: western Palaearctic Region.

R e m a r k s: Within the subgenus Glabrobracon   the species B. abbreviator   is nearest to B. minutator (FABRICIUS)   and B. curticaudis SZÉPLIGETI   viewing their common features as the short ovipositor sheath; the three species are separated by the features keyed:

1(2) Eye in dorsal view 1.3-1.4 times as long as temple ( Fig. 15 View Figs 15-23 ). Hind femur less thick, 3.3-3.5 times as long as broad medially ( Fig. 16 View Figs 15-23 ). First tergite as long as broad behind and subparallel-sided, second tergite polished, at least (and exceptionally) antero-medially uneven-subrugulose ( Fig. 17 View Figs 15-23 ). Claw as in Fig. 18 View Figs 15-23 . Tergites black, only laterally rusty to reddish yellow, yellow.: 4-4.5(-5) mm,: (3.2-) 3.5-4.5 mm ......................................................................... B. (Gl.) minutator ( FABRICIUS 1798)   2 (1) Eye in dorsal view 1.6-1.8 times as long as temple ( Figs 2 View Figs 1-14 , 89 View Figs 88-98 ). First tergite broader behind than long and posteriorly with diverging sides, second tergite more or less rugulose ( Figs 9 View Figs 1-14 , 97 View Figs 88-98 ). Claw as in Figs 6 View Figs 1-14 , 94 View Figs 88-98 . Hind femur variably 2.8-3.3 times as long as broad medially ( Figs 9 View Figs 1-14 , 97 View Figs 88-98 ). 3 (4) Temple in dorsal view strongly rounded ( Fig. 2 View Figs 1-14 ). First tergite with a transverse carina across scutum ( Fig. 9 View Figs 1-14 ). Hind femur slightly thick, 2.7-2.9 times as long as broad ( Fig. 5 View Figs 1-14 ). Claw less downcurved, its basal lobe less pointed ( Fig. 6 View Figs 1-14 ). Legs reddish yellow.: 3.5-4.5 mm ................................... B. (Gl.) abbreviator NEES 1834   4 (3) Temple in dorsal view rounded ( Figs 89 View Figs 88-98 , 99 View Figs 99-107 ). First tergite without transverse carina across scutum ( Fig. 97 View Figs 88-98 ). Hind femur slightly less thick, 3-3.3 times as long as broad ( Fig. 93 View Figs 88-98 ). Claw more downcurved, its basal lobe more pointed ( Fig. 94 View Figs 88-98 ). Legs black.: (3-) 3.5-4.5 mm,: 3.4 mm ............................. B. (Gl.) curticaudis SZÉPLIGETI 1901  

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Bracon

Loc

Bracon (Glabrobracon) abbreviator NEES

Papp, J. 2008
2008
Loc

Bracon rufigaster SZÉPLIGETI 1901a: 264

PAPP J 2004: 180
SHENEFELT R 1978: 1555
TOBIAS V 1961: 167
SZEPLIGETI Gy 1901: 264
1901
Loc

Bracon eutrephes

PAPP J 2003: 139
SHENEFELT R 1978: 1569
MARSHALL T 1897: 73
1897
Loc

oostmaeli

SHENEFELT R 1978: 1555
THOMSON C 1894: 1815
WESMAEL C 1838: 57
1838
Loc

regularis

SHENEFELT R 1978: 1555
THOMSON C 1894: 1815
WESMAEL C 1838: 44
1838
Loc

Bracon abbreviator

TOBIAS V 1986: 137
SHENEFELT R 1978: 1615
TELENGA N 1936: 176
NEES AB ESENBECK C 1834: 75
1834
Loc

Bracon abscissor

TOBIAS V 1986: 129
NEES AB ESENBECK C 1834: 75
1834