Nemapogon cloacella ( Haworth, 1828 )

Landry, Jean-François, Nazari, Vazrick, Dewaard, Jeremy R., Mutanen, Marko, Lopez-Vaamonde, Carlos, Huemer, Peter & Hebert, Paul D. N., 2013, Shared but overlooked: 30 species of Holarctic Microlepidoptera revealed by DNA barcodes and morphology, Zootaxa 3749 (1), pp. 1-93: 12

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3749.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7E42ED11-1157-4E77-976D-CB39AA1C9EFE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BD87FF-496B-9E71-069D-FF6AFCFFFB0B

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Nemapogon cloacella ( Haworth, 1828 )
status

 

3. Nemapogon cloacella ( Haworth, 1828)   ( Tineidae   : Nemapogoninae   )

Tinea cloacella Haworth, 1828: 563   . Type locality: England.

BOLD:ABY6823

Palearctic distribution. Widespread in the Palaearctic Region   .

New North American records. Canada: British Columbia, Port Coquitlam ( Vancouver area ), at light in an urban backyard   , 26 Jun 2006, 1 ♂; 7 Jun 2007, 1 ♀; 28 Jun 2008, 1 ♂ ( CNC)   .

Diagnosis. Externally this species is similar to N. granella   (L.) and N. variatella (Clemens)   , which also have a predominantly brown ground colour variously irrorated with dirty white patches on the forewings. However, cloacella   has generally darker forewings and deeper yellow head tufts. In Europe, cloacella   is most similar to N. wolffiella   . The genitalia of cloacella   are similarly configured to those of other Nemapogon   with differences in details. In the male genitalia, the caudal margin of the uncus is slightly produced into two small, setose lobes (broadly concave in variatella   , straight in granella   ), the gnathos arms are L-shaped with pointed “elbows” and apices (resemble a pair of sharp boots) (in variatella   , apices dentate and resembling a pair of small hands; in granella   , apices and “elbows” rounded); inner lobe of valva blunt with apex outwardly oriented, and shorter than outer lobe (in variatella   , inner lobe sharply incurved; in granella   , inner lobe apically emarginate) phallus slightly sinuate with apex unarmed (in variatella   and granella   , phallus shaft with two sections and appearing “broken” in middle, apex toothed). In female genitalia, the ostium bursae is situated at the anterior margin of S8 on a short conical, medial sterigma, the posterior margin of S8 has a transverse band with a medial notch, and the distal half of the ductus bursae is sclerotized (in variatella   and granella   , the sterigma is a transverse plate about as wide as S8 and the caudal margin of S8 is differently configured).

Larval host. Primarily bracket fungi outdoors, but also a wide range of food materials indoors including dryrot fungi on decayed wood, stored vegetable products, grain and dry fruit, similar to those of N. granella   (Pelham- Clinton 1985).

Note. This species was included in earlier North American checklists ( Dyar 1903 with a question mark, McDunnough 1939). It was not repeated in the more recent checklist ( Hodges 1983), possibly because its occurrence was never confirmed or was based on misidentifications. It is easily confused with variatella   and granella   and genitalia should be examined to confirm identifications. This is most likely an introduction and it is probably more common than the few confirmed records indicate.

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Tineidae

Genus

Nemapogon

Loc

Nemapogon cloacella ( Haworth, 1828 )

Landry, Jean-François, Nazari, Vazrick, Dewaard, Jeremy R., Mutanen, Marko, Lopez-Vaamonde, Carlos, Huemer, Peter & Hebert, Paul D. N. 2013
2013
Loc

Tinea cloacella

Haworth, A. H. 1828: 563
1828