Dracaena guianensis Daudin, 1802,

Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Amaral, Silvana, 2016, Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. III. Anguidae, Scincidae, Teiidae, Zootaxa 4205 (5), pp. 401-430: 413-414

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4205.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EE3B97F5-E040-4C2B-AAB6-57F99CFD7FE8

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C087CC-4850-FF9A-FF4A-F8ADFD4F2A5E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dracaena guianensis Daudin, 1802
status

 

Dracaena guianensis Daudin, 1802 

Type-locality. Cayenne, French Guiana, corrected by Hoogmoed & Lescure (1975) to Amapá, Brazil, north of Rio Araguari   .

Pertinent taxonomic references. Daudin (1802), Merrem (1820), Duméril & Bibron (1839), Boulenger (1885), Cunha (1961), Vanzolini (1961), Vanzolini & Valencia (1966), Gorman (1970), Hoogmoed & Lescure (1975), Duellman (1978), Ávila-Pires (1995), Massary et al. (2000), Harvey et al. (2012).

Distribution and habitat. Dracaena guianensis  is endemic to Amazonia, distributed along the Amazon River and some of its main tributaries, and the coastal area in Brazil ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6). We examined material from Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil (states of Amapá, Pará, and Amazonas) ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6), but it also occurs in French Guiana, Colombia, and in Maranhão state, in Brazil ( Daudin 1802; Ayala 1986; Vanzolini & Valencia 1966, respectively). Despite its wide distribution, there are few records of D. guianensis  from the wild in collections and in scientific literature (in contrast to CITES trade records, especially in the 1980’s—http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/quotas/index.shtml). It is semiaquatic and diurnal, inhabits seasonally flooded lowlands, swamps, small streams and lakes, where it is found in the water, on the ground near water, and on branches of low trees emerging from water ( Vanzolini 1961; Vanzolini & Valencia 1966; Crump 1971; Dixon & Soini 1975, 1986; Duellman 1978; Duellman & Salas 1991; Ávila-Pires 1995; Mesquita et al. 2006b; Vitt et al. 2008); found also in perianthropic environments ( Dixon & Soini 1975, and specimens from Belém, Brazil).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Reptilia

Order

Squamata

Family

Teiidae

Genus

Dracaena