Crocodilurus amazonicus Spix, 1825,

Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Amaral, Silvana, 2016, Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. III. Anguidae, Scincidae, Teiidae, Zootaxa 4205 (5), pp. 401-430: 412-413

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4205.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EE3B97F5-E040-4C2B-AAB6-57F99CFD7FE8

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C087CC-4857-FF9B-FF4A-F8DBFDCB2A26

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Crocodilurus amazonicus Spix, 1825
status

 

Crocodilurus amazonicus Spix, 1825 

Type-locality. São Paulo de Olivenças, Rio Solimões , Brazil. 

Pertinent taxonomic references. Spix (1825), Boie (1826), Duméril & Bibron (1839), Boulenger (1885), Hoogmoed & Gruber (1983), Ávila-Pires (1995), Massary & Hoogmoed (2001), Evers & Soares (2007), Harvey et al. (2012).

Distribution and habitat. Crocodilurus amazonicus  is endemic to Amazonia, distributed along the Amazon River and some of its main tributaries, especially the western ones and the lower part of the northern ones; it reaches the upper Orinoco basin, in Venezuela, and the coastal area in Brazil, and apparently is rare or absent along the Tapajós, Xingu, and Tocantins rivers ( Fig. 7View FIGURE 7). We examined material from Brazil and Venezuela ( Fig. 7View FIGURE 7). Ávila- Pires (1995) also recorded it in French Guiana, Colombia, and Peru. In Brazil it is known from the states of Amapá, Pará, Amazonas, Roraima, and Rondônia. Crocodilurus amazonicus  is semiaquatic and diurnal, inhabits margins of rivers and lakes in forests and inundated savannas, where it is found swimming, on sandy open soil and among roots in beaches, on branches overhanging water, and on logs in the water, up to about 1.5 meters high ( Cunha 1961; Crump 1971; Hoogmoed & Lescure 1975; Pires & Prance 1985; Ávila-Pires 1995; Mesquita et al. 2006b; Vitt et al. 2008; Waldez et al. 2013).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Reptilia

Order

Squamata

Family

Teiidae

Genus

Crocodilurus