Notomabuya frenata (Cope, 1862),

Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Amaral, Silvana, 2016, Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. III. Anguidae, Scincidae, Teiidae, Zootaxa 4205 (5), pp. 401-430: 406

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Notomabuya frenata (Cope, 1862)


Notomabuya frenata (Cope, 1862) 

Type-locality. Paraguay River valley, Paraguay.

Pertinent taxonomic references. Cope (1862a), Steindachner (1870), Bocourt (1879), Boulenger (1887), Dunn (1935), Cunha (1961), Nascimento et al. (1988), Mausfeld & Lӧtters (2001), Miralles et al. (2006, 2009a, 2009b), Whiting et al. (2006), Harvey et al. (2008), Miralles & Carranza (2010), Hedges & Conn (2012).

Distribution and habitat. Notomabuya frenata  is widespread in a large part of the South America diagonal of open formations, in Cerrado, Pantanal, Chaco, and Pampa, with pointed records in Amazonia, Caatinga and Atlantic Forest, occurring in Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, and in large part of Brazil ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1). In Brazil it is known from the states of Pará, Tocantins, Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás, Maranhão, Ceará, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and in the Distrito Federal. In Amazonia it occurs in northern Bolivia and in open vegetation enclaves in southern Pará, southern Rondônia, and northern Mato Grosso, in Brazil. Notomabuya frenata  is semi-arboreal and diurnal, inhabits areas that range from typical cerrado vegetation, with sparse trees, to dry forest and gallery forest ( Nascimento et al. 1988; Colli et al. 2002; Gainsbury & Colli 2003; Nogueira et al. 2005; Uetanabaro et al. 2007; Recoder & Nogueira 2007; Vaz-Silva et al. 2007; Valdujo et al. 2009; Ávila & Kawashita-Ribeiro 2011; Recoder et al. 2011; Morais et al. 2012). In the Altantic Forest it was recorded at the border of forest ( Sazima & Haddad 1992; Vrcibradic et al. 2006), while in the Caatinga it occupied areas of cerrado and forest vegetations ( Ribeiro et al. 2012). Mabuya frenata  is usually seen on the ground or up to 3 m high on tree trunks or large branches and on dead logs ( Vitt 1991a; Sazima & Haddad 1992), but in a population studied by Vrcibradic & Rocha (1998) most individuals were on granitic boulders, usually in crevices or under loose rocks on top of the boulders.