Massa, Bruno, 2013, Pamphagidae (Orthoptera: Caelifera) of North Africa: key to genera and the annotated check-list of species, Zootaxa 3700 (3), pp. 435-475: 443

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Subfam. Pamphaginae  Burmeister, 1840

North African Pamphaginae  have been studied by different orthopterists (e.g., Vosseler 1903, Bolivar 1907, 1908, 1912, 1914, Werner 1932, 1933, Chopard 1943, Uvarov 1943, Descamps 1968, Descamps & Mounassif 1972, La Greca 1993). Nearly all the species are squamipterous, character that has been almost lost in Asian species (it is maintained only in few Middle East genera, others are completely apterous). Thus, we may consider that squamipterous Pamphaginae  should have evolved in North Africa.