Sphex satanas satanas Kohl, 1898

Dörfel, Thorleif H. & Ohl, Michael, 2022, The wasp genus Sphex in Sub-Saharan Africa (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 796 (1), pp. 1-170 : 141-145

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2022.796.1665

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:76C5C9C4-C6C1-4EDC-8FF8-9828A6EF2040

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6535806

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C20928-FF1D-FF33-4263-12423D11092D

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Sphex satanas satanas Kohl, 1898
status

 

Sphex satanas satanas Kohl, 1898

Figs 113, 115, 118 View Figs 113–118. 113–114, 116 (yellow)

Sphex satanas Kohl, 1898: 339 , ♀, ♂.

Sphex gorgon Kohl, 1913: 204 , ♀. Synonymized with Sphex satanas by Leclercq 1955: 7.

Differential diagnosis

Among the members of its species group, the female of S. satanas s. lat. can easily be recognized by having an entirely black scutellum and metanotum ( Figs 113–114 View Figs 113–118. 113–114, 116 ). In S. pseudosatanas sp. nov. ( Fig. 109 View Figs 106–112. 106–107 ) and S. rufoclypeatus sp. nov. ( Fig. 110 View Figs 106–112. 106–107 ), these areas are completely ferruginous instead, and S. socotrensis sp. nov. has the metanotum and the posterior margin of the scutellum ferruginous ( Fig. 116 View Figs 113–118. 113–114, 116 ). The subspecies S. satanas memnon subsp. nov. has the propodeal setae black instead of silvery ( Fig. 114 View Figs 113–118. 113–114, 116 ).

Male specimens are slightly harder to distinguish. They are characterized though their somewhat infuscate cellular wing area ( Fig. 115 View Figs 113–118. 113–114, 116 ), whereas the other members of the group have it barely fuscous or completely hyaline. Furthermore, males of S. satanas possess narrow placoids on the proximal halves of flagellomeres IV–VI, a configuration similar to that of S. socotrensis sp. nov. and S. pseudosatanas sp. nov. However, these two species lack the more or less distinct folding just above the middle of the free clypeal margin, which is present in S. satanas and S. rufoclypeatus sp. nov. (compare Fig. 28 View Figs 25–32. 25–26 ).

Material examined

Lectotype (designated here) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO – Kongo Central • ♀; Boma Sundi; P. Rolin leg.; IRSN.

Presumed paralectotypes (see Remarks) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO – Kongo Central • 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Boma ; [5°51ʹ S, 13°03ʹ E]; M. Tschoffen leg.; IRSN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀; same collection data as for lectotype; IRSN 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Boma, West Africa ; [5°51ʹ S, 13°03ʹ E]; NHMW GoogleMaps .

Other material

BURUNDI – Bujumbura Rural Province • 1 ♂; Rusizi National Park ; 3.34364° S, 29.27246° E; 13–20 Apr. 2010; R. Copeland leg.; ICIPE GoogleMaps .

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO • 2 ♀♀; Lulua; 1929; Walker leg.; MRAC. – Haut- Katanga • 1 ♂; Lubumbashi ; [11°40ʹ S, 27°29ʹ E]; Apr. 1951; Ch. Seydel leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Lufira River ; [10°54ʹ27ʺ S, 26°59ʹ42ʺ E]; alt. 3500 ft; 9 Sep. 1907; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀, holotype of Sphex gorgon Kohl, 1913 ; Lukafu; S.A. Neave leg.; MRAC. – Haut-Lomami • 2 ♀♀; Tshibamba ; [8°15ʹ42ʺ S, 24°21ʹ45ʺ E]; Mar. 1933; F.G. Overlaet leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Haut-Uele • 1 ♂; “ Yebo Moto ”; 1926; L. Burgeon leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Vankerhovenville ; [3°18ʹ N, 29°26ʹ E]; J. Bequaert leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Ituri Province • 1 ♀; Terr. Wamba , Epulu; [1°23ʹ52ʺ N, 28°34ʹ51ʺ E]; Sep. 1956; M. Poll leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Kasaï-Central • 4 ♀♀; Lula (Kasai) ; [7°43ʹ51ʺ S, 22°51ʹ56ʺ E]; 1958; A.J. Jobaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 7 ♀♀; Lula (Kasai) , Terr. Luisa; [7°43ʹ51ʺ S, 22°51ʹ56ʺ E]; Aug. 1956; M. Poll leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Lula (rés. chasse Bushimaie ), Terr. Luisa; [7°43ʹ51ʺ S, 22°51ʹ56ʺ E]; Aug. 1956; M. Poll leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Kongo Central • 1 ♀; Boma ; [5°51ʹ S, 13°03ʹ E]; 18 Jun. 1915; J. Bequaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Lomami • 1 ♀; Lomami , Kambaye; [6°52ʹ38ʺ S, 23°44ʹ09ʺ E]; Sep. 1930; P. Quarré leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps Lualaba • 1 ♀; 150–200 mi. W of Kambove; 12 Oct. 1904; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 27–30 Oct. 1907; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kapanga ; [8°21ʹ S, 22°34ʹ E]; Aug. 1932; F.G. Overlaet leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 3 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but Sep. 1932; MRAC GoogleMaps 12 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but Oct. 1932; MRAC GoogleMaps 6 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but Nov. 1932; MRAC GoogleMaps 8 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but Dec. 1932; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kapiri ; [10°18ʹ S, 26°11ʹ E]; Sep. 1912; Miss. Agric. leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Lulua , Luashi; [10°55ʹ41ʺ S, 23°36ʹ28ʺ E]; Nov. 1938; F. Freyne leg.; MRAC. – GoogleMaps South Kivu • 1 ♀; Uvira ; 28–29 Aug. 1931; A. Mackie leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Tanganyika • 1 ♂; Kabalo ; [6°03ʹ S, 26°55ʹ E]; 7 Jul. 1947; M. Poll leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps .

MALAWI – Central Region • 1 ♂; Fish Eagle Inn , Salima; [13°47ʹ S, 34°26ʹ E]; 19 Aug. 1974; H.R. Feijen leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Marimba ; [13°10ʹ S, 33°20ʹ E]; Nov.–Dec. 1910; J.E.S. Old leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Northern Region • 1 ♂; Karonga; [9°56ʹ S, 33°56ʹ E]; 7–11 Jul. 1910; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding but 13 Jul. 1910; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Nkhata Bay, Rest House ; [11°36ʹ S, 34°18ʹ E]; 27 Sep. 1974; H.R. Feijen leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps . – Southern Region • 1 ♀; Mlanje ; [16°01ʹ53ʺ S, 35°30ʹ E]; 12 Jul. 1913; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 3 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but 1 Oct. 1913; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 8 Oct. 1913; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 1 Nov. 1913; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 1 Dec. 1913; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 21 Dec. 1913; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Zomba; [15°23ʹ09ʺ S, 35°19ʹ07ʺ E]; Nov. 1913; H.S. Stannus leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

MOZAMBIQUE – Cabo Delgado Province • 1 ♀; Kitaragio [near Pangane] ; [12°00ʹ3.4ʺ S, 40°31ʹ08.5ʺ E]; 19–27 Nov. 2009; O. Montreuil leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Nhica , camp ; 10°45.35ʹ S, 40°136ʹ E; 20 Nov. 2009; C. Villemant leg.; MNHN 1 ♀; Vamizi Island ; 11°1.97ʹ S, 40°38.74ʹ E; C. Villemant leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps . – Sofala Province • 1 ♀; Foret d’Inhandconde ; Oct. 1907; G. Vasse leg.; MNHN 1 ♀; Tendo du Sungoué , Gorongoza ; [18°30ʹ S, 34°03ʹ E]; Oct. 1907; G. Vasse leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps . – Tete Province • 1 ♀; 15 km SSE of Manje; 15°29ʹ S, 33°16ʹ E; 2–4 Dec. 2005; M. Kadlecová leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps . – Zambezia Province • 3 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀; foothills N of Mt Chiperone; [16°27ʹ59ʺ S, 35°43ʹ38ʺ E]; 19 Nov. 1913; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 21 Nov. 1913; BMNH GoogleMaps .

NAMIBIA – Hardap Region • 1 ♀; Mariental ; [24°38ʹ S, 17°58ʹ E]; 28 Dec. 1977; H.N. Empey leg.; AMG GoogleMaps . – Oshikoto Region • 1 ♂; Namutoni ; [18°48ʹ S, 16°59ʹ E]; 1919; J. Breyer leg.; TMP GoogleMaps . – Otjozondjupa Region • 1 ♀; 60 km S of Otjiwarongo; [21°00ʹ45ʺ S, 16°39ʹ21ʺ E]; 17 Nov. 1994; M. Kuhlmann leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Okahandja ; [21°59ʹ S, 16°55ʹ E]; 17 Dec. 1983; H.N. Empey leg.; AMG GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; 3–11 Dec. 1927; R.E. Turner leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 12–18 Dec. 1927; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 6 ♀♀; Waterberg ; [20°30ʹ S, 17°14ʹ E]; 15–17 Jan. 1993; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 31 Oct.–2 Nov. 2007; ZMB GoogleMaps 5 ♂♂; Waterberg, Main Camp ; 20°30ʹ S, 17°14ʹ E; 2–10 Nov. 2007; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps .

SOUTH AFRICA – Limpopo • 1 ♂; Nwanedi Nature Reserve ; 22°38ʹ S, 30°24ʹ E; 27–30 Oct. 2010; F. Koch leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Sikororo [Ga-Sekororo] ; [24°12ʹ27.6ʺ S, 30°24ʹ33.3ʺ E]; Jul. 1922; G.P.F. v. Dam leg.; TMP GoogleMaps .

TANZANIA • 1 ♀; Nwaya, N shore of Lake Nyasa; 15–16 Nov. 1910; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH 1 ♀; Usangu Dist., foot of Kifulufulu Mts ; 16–17 Dec. 1910; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH. – Dodoma Region • 1 ♀; 50 km N of Kondoa; 4°36ʹ S, 35°46ʹ E; 9 Dec. 2006; J. Halada leg.; OÖLM. – GoogleMaps Mbeya Region • 1 ♀; Mt Rungwe, near New Langenburg; [9°08ʹ06ʺ S, 33°40ʹ05ʺ E]; 18–21 Nov. 1910; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Morogoro Region • 6 ♀♀; road to Kilossa, Usagara District ; [6°50ʹ S, 36°59ʹ E]; 22–26 Dec. 1910; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Unguja South Region • 1 ♀; Zanzibar , Jambiani ; [6°19ʹ S, 39°33ʹ E]; 23 Mar. 1993; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

ZAMBIA – Central Province • 1 ♂; 70 km NE of Kapiri Mposhi; [13°41ʹ S, 29°18ʹ E]; 21 Nov. 2005; M. Snižek leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps . – Eastern Province • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; “ Mid-Luangwa Valley ”; 14–16 Aug. 1900; S.A. Neave leg.; BMNH . – Northern Province • 1 ♀; Abercorn [now Mbala]; [8°50ʹ S, 31°28ʹ E]; Oct. 1943; IRSN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Nov. 1943; IRSN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Lake Mweru Wantipa ; [8°42ʹ S, 29°46ʹ E]; Sep. 1944; IRSN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Luwingu ; [10°15ʹ43ʺ S, 29°55ʹ37ʺ E]; 12 Jul. 1908; S.A. Neave leg.; OUMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Meru Wantipa ; [8°40ʹ38ʺ S, 29°43ʹ22ʺ E]; 10 Jul. 1952; BMNH. – GoogleMaps North- Western Province • 1 ♀; Ntambu 150 km W of Solwezi; 12°18ʹ S, 25°10ʹ E; 11 Nov. 2005; M. Halada leg.; THD-018-OOLM ; GenBank CO1 gene: MW538568 View Materials ; OÖLM GoogleMaps .

ZIMBABWE • 1 ♂; Hillside ; [17°50ʹ15ʺ S, 31°04ʹ54ʺ E]; 1 Nov. 1922; Swinburne and Stevenson leg.; TMP. – GoogleMaps Matabeleland North • 1 ♂; Lonely Mine ; [19°30ʹ06ʺ S, 28°44ʹ49ʺ E]; 24 Sep. 1913; H. Swale leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 25 Sep. 1913; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 25 Oct. 1914; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 2 Jan. 1915; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; 9 Feb. 1919; G. Arnold leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Turk Mine ; [19°44ʹ S, 28°45ʹ E]; 1 Dec. 1958; AMG. – GoogleMaps Midlands • 1 ♀; Shangani , 60 km SW of Gweru; [19°46ʹ S, 29°22ʹ E]; 2 Dec. 1998; Ma. Halada leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps .

Description

Female

SIZE. 18.6–23.0 mm.

COLOR. Black except for the following, which are ferruginous: basal half of mandible, clypeus, scape, pedicel, flagellomeres I–III, collar, pronotal lobe, tegula, prepectus, and legs except coxa and inner margin of claw. Wings fuscous, with violet iridescence.

VESTITURE. Appressed setae on clypeus, paraocular area, collar, scutum and propodeal enclosure silvery. Erect setae on clypeus, paraocular area, collar and scutum dark ferruginous, on propodeal enclosure silvery. Erect propodeal setae oriented anteriorly. Clypeus without glabrous spot. Scutellum sparsely and finely pubescent.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin simple, stepped medially. Clypeus with indentation in lower center, without carina. Scutellum flat. Metanotum not raised, not bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins markedly proximal from interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure with 4–6 transversal ridges. Foretarsomere I 1.8–2.1 × length of antepenultimate spine. Petiole length 1.5–1.6 × its medial width.

Male

SIZE. 17.3–22.0 mm.

COLOR. Black except for ferruginous stripe in center of mandible. Forewing fuscous, with violet iridescence. Hindwing largely hyaline.

VESTITURE. Appressed and erect setae on clypeus, paraocular area, collar, scutum and propodeal enclosure silvery. Erect propodeal setae oriented anteriorly. Clypeus without glabrous spot. Scutellum densely and finely pubescent.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin simple, slightly stepped medially. Scutellum flat. Metanotum not raised, not bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins markedly proximal from interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure with 4–6 transversal ridges. Posterior margin of metasomal tergum VII convex. Posterior margin of metasomal sternum VII simple, of metasomal sternum VIII triangular. Penis valvae without conspicuous modifications. Petiole length 1.6–1.9 × its medial width. Flagellomeres IV– VI with narrow placoids covering their proximal halves.

Variation

Unknown.

Distribution

Central, southwestern and southeastern Africa.

Remarks

The original description states that the type series consists of five females and three males collected in Boma and housed in the Royal Belgian Museum in Brussels. We were able to locate a matching number of specimens, the locality labels of which read “Boma” or “Boma Sundi”, that had been distributed between IRSN and MRAC. Some of them had already been labelled as paratypes by unknown revisers or collection staff, but since these designations were apparently never published, they are not valid. Also, there are a male and a female specimen from Boma bearing type labels by Kohl in the NHMW collection. Which of the aforementioned ten specimens actually constitute the type series cannot be determined with complete certainty, but we feel confident in designating a specimen from the IRSN as the lectotype.

IRSN

Belgium, Brussels, Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

MRAC

Belgium, Tervuren, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale

NHMW

Austria, Wien, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

TMP

Taiwan [Republic of China], Taipei, Taiwan Provincial Museum

ZMB

Germany, Berlin, Museum fuer Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universitaet

OUMNH

United Kingdom, Oxford, University Museum of Natural History

IRSN

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

AMG

Albany Museum

TMP

Transvaal Museum

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Vespidae

Genus

Sphex

Loc

Sphex satanas satanas Kohl, 1898

Dörfel, Thorleif H. & Ohl, Michael 2022
2022
Loc

Sphex gorgon

Leclercq J. 1955: 7
Kohl F. F. 1913: 204
1913
Loc

Sphex satanas

Kohl F. F. 1898: 339
1898