Amphiura

Rodrigues, Clara F., Paterson, Gordon L. J., Cabrinovic, Andrew & Cunha, Marina R., 2011, Deep-sea ophiuroids (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Ophiurida) from the Gulf of Cadiz (NE Atlantic), Zootaxa 2754, pp. 1-26: 16

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.276727

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C6AA27-AB13-FFA0-91C2-B423D30AF938

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Amphiura
status

 

Amphiura   sp. A Stöhr and Segonzac, 2005

Amphiura   sp. Stöhr and Segonzac 2005: 396 –397, figure 8

Material examined. Kidd MV, TTR 14, stn AT 528, 6 inds. ( DBUA 001077.01); stn AT 560, 3 ind. ( DBUA 001077.02); Meknès MV, TTR 14 stn AT 541, 9 inds. ( DBUA 001077.03); Yuma MV, TTR 16, stn AT 604, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001078.01); Darwin MV, TTR 16, stn AT 608, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001078.02); Captain Arutyunov MV, TTR 14, stn AT 546, 3 inds. ( DBUA 001077.04); West of Gibraltar Strait, TTR 14, stn AT 551, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001077.05); Pen Duick Escarpment, TTR 16, stn AT 600, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001078.03).

Remarks. This species, herein designated as Amphiura   sp. A, closely resembles the description given by Stöhr and Segonzac (2005) from West Atlantic cold seeps. The species is characterised by, having two tentacle scales on each arm tentacle pore and a scale-like distal oral scale, ten with a more spike-like scale situated on the adoral shields and just three arm spines, a character shared with other Amphiura   species, the middle arm spine of the three is swollen.

We have not formally classified this species because Amphiura   species with three arm spines are common within the family (approximately 28 species). To formally name this species would require a major taxonomic review which is beyond the scope of the present work.

Ecology and distribution. Amphiura   sp. A as described by Stöhr & Segonzac was previously known from mud sediments among chemosynthetic fauna ( Bathymodiolus boomerang   , Escarpia   sp.) of the Orinoco cold seeps, West Atlantic, at 1947 m. In the Gulf of Cadiz it has a wide distribution in the shallow and western areas of the Moroccan margin (carbonate provinces) predominantly associated to the presence of carbonate crusts and covering a bathymetric range of. 489–1345 m ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 C). It was recorded from five mud volcanoes and two other sites with carbonate chimneys or crusts, often co-occurring with Amphipholis squamata   and occasionally with other Amphiuridae   ( Amphioplus hexabrachiatus   , Amphiura filiformis   and Amphiura grandisquama   ).

DBUA

Zoological Collection of the Biology Department, University of the Azores

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Echinodermata

Class

Ophiuroidea

Order

Ophiurida

Family

Amphiuridae

Loc

Amphiura

Rodrigues, Clara F., Paterson, Gordon L. J., Cabrinovic, Andrew & Cunha, Marina R. 2011
2011
Loc

Amphiura

Stohr 2005: 396
2005