Amphipholis squamata ( Delle Chiaje, 1828 ), Delle Chiaje, 1828

Rodrigues, Clara F., Paterson, Gordon L. J., Cabrinovic, Andrew & Cunha, Marina R., 2011, Deep-sea ophiuroids (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Ophiurida) from the Gulf of Cadiz (NE Atlantic), Zootaxa 2754, pp. 1-26: 16-17

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.276727

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C6AA27-AB13-FFBF-91C2-B05DD42AFB8B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Amphipholis squamata ( Delle Chiaje, 1828 )
status

 

Amphipholis squamata ( Delle Chiaje, 1828)  

( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 )

Material examined. Mercator MV, TTR 15, stn AT 568, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001080.07); stn AT 575, 10 inds ( DBUA 001080.01), stn AT 576, 5 inds. ( DBUA 001080.02), stn AT 577, 2 inds. ( DBUA 001080.03); MSM01-03, stn 241, 18 inds. ( DBUA 001081.01), stn 242, 9 inds. ( DBUA 001081.02), stn 287, 1 ind.; Fiuza MV, TTR 14, stn AT 566, 2 inds. ( DBUA 001079.01); Kidd MV, TTR 14, stn AT 528, 2 inds.; stn AT 559, 2 ind. ( DBUA 001079.02), stn AT 560, 9 inds. ( DBUA 001079.03), stn AT 561, 3 inds. ( DBUA 001079.04); TTR MV, TTR 12, stn AT 416, 16 inds. ( DBUA 001082.01); Meknès MV, TTR 14, stn AT 541, 1 ind.; TTR 15, stn AT 581, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001080.04), stn AT 585, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001080.05), stn AT 587, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001080.06); MSM01-03, stn 321, 7 inds. ( DBUA 001081.03), stn 335, 15 inds. ( DBUA 001081.04); Yuma MV, TTR 16, stn AT 604, 4 inds. ( DBUA 001083.01); Ginsburg MV, TTR 16, stn AT 607, 3 inds. ( DBUA 001083.02); Jesus Baraza MV, TTR 12, stn AT 391, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001082.02); Darwin MV, TTR 16, stn AT 608, 8 inds. ( DBUA 001083.03); Captain Arutyunov MV, TTR 12, stn AT 399, 2 ind. ( DBUA 001082.03); MSM01-03, stn 212, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001081.05), stn 194, 2 inds. ( DBUA 001081.06), stn 225, 4 inds. ( DBUA 001081.07), stn 274, 4 inds. ( DBUA 001081.08), stn 344, 2 ind. ( DBUA 001081.09); Formosa Ridge, TTR 12, stn AT 388, 2 ind. ( DBUA 001082.04), stn AT 389, 5 inds. ( DBUA 001082.05); West of Gilbratar Strait, TTR 14, stn AT 550, 3 inds. ( DBUA 001079.05), stn AT 552, 24 inds. ( DBUA 001079.06); Pen Duick Escarpment, TTR 12, stn AT 406, 18 inds. ( DBUA 001082.06); TTR 14, stn AT 565, 1 ind. ( DBUA 001079.07); TTR 16, stn AT 600, 8 inds. ( DBUA 001083.04), stn AT 602, 4 inds. ( DBUA 001083.05).

Ecology and distribution. Amphipholis squamata   is known from several substrata (under stones, amongst algal and bryozoan turfs, rockpool weeds and occasionally on sandy bottoms) from the intertidal to 1200 m. Current distribution records suggests that it is abundant in the Eastern Atlantic from Iceland along the European margin, Mediterranean Sea, West coast of Africa, West and East coast of South Africa and Madagascar ( Alva & Vadon 1989). The taxonomy of this species is currently being investigated (S. Stöhr, per comm.). It is likely that this presumed cosmopolitan species will turn out to be a complex of cryptic species and that there will need to be a revision of its geographic distribution.

This species can switch from deposit feeding by collecting particles within its tube feet to suspension feeding via trapping detritus in mucus. In the Gulf of Cadiz it was the most common ophiuroid, recorded from 10 mud volcanoes and at three other sites in association to carbonate chimneys and crusts as well as cold-water corals ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 D). Young, intermediate and adult stages were found together at the same localities. This species was found at depths from 350 to 1379 m which is its deepest known record.

DBUA

Zoological Collection of the Biology Department, University of the Azores