Zodarion samos Bosmans, 2009

Coşar, İlhan, Danişman, Tarik & Elverici, Mert, 2022, First description of the females of two species of Zodarion (Araneae: Zodariidae), Zootaxa 5178 (1), pp. 92-100 : 93-94

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5178.1.6

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:43CDD1DE-07BC-4C80-9CD4-5200AC677CB3

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7022255

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C787F7-FF95-6A41-FBA3-FD35513BFE62

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Zodarion samos Bosmans, 2009
status

 

Zodarion samos Bosmans, 2009

Figs 1-16 View FIGURES 1-8 View FIGURES 9-11 View FIGURES 12-14 View FIGURES 15-16

Zodarion samos Bosmans, 2009: 285 , f. 190-191 (Dm); Russell-Smith et al. 2011: 164 (Dm).

Material: 1♂, 1♀, Turkey, İzmir Province, Selçuk, Barutçu Cave (38°00’20”N 27°20’44”E), entrance zone, elev. 140 m, 17.VI.2021, M. Elverici leg. GoogleMaps

Diagnosis. Zodarion samos Bosmans, 2009 belongs to the Eastern Mediterranean lutipes group (sensu Bosmans, 2009) recognized by the morphology of the male palp with a very long embolus originating at the baso-lateral side of the tegulum and of the epigyne with an anteromedian hood and with spermathecae provided with several coiled ducts. This species can be separated from all other species of the lutipes group by the gradual narrowing of the robust, thorn-shaped tibial apophysis of the male (vs. as long or mostly longer than wide) ( Figs. 9–11 View FIGURES 9-11 ); the female can be separated from other congroupes by the spermathecae with two large globular chambers adjacent to anteromedian hood and connected laterally to three adjoining coils arranged loosely ( Figs 12–16 View FIGURES 12-14 View FIGURES 15-16 ).

Description. Male. Measurements: Total length 3.70. Carapace 1.8 long, 1.4 wide. Abdomen 1.90 long, 1.10 wide. Ocular area 0.55 long. Chelicerae 0.50 long, 0.30 wide. Sternum 1.0 long, 0.90 wide. Clypeus 0.25 high. Eye diameters and inter-distances: AME 0.12, ALE 0.10, PME 0.07, PLE 0.10, AME–AME 0.07, AME–ALE 0.02, AME–PLE 0.07, AME–PME 0.15, PME–PME 0.20, PME–PLE 0.05, PLE–ALE 0.02, PLE–PLE 0.40. Leg formula 4123. Leg lengths: Leg I 6.90 (1.80, 0.60, 1.65, 1.85, 1.0), Leg II 5.85 (1.60, 0.55, 1.40, 1.50, 0.80), Leg III 5.55 (1.55, 0.45, 1.20, 1.65, 0.70), Leg IV 7.75 (2.10, 0.65, 1.95, 2.25, 0.80). Prosoma yellowish brown ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1-8 ), blackish brown around AMEs, edges grey ( Figs 3–4 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Clypeus high (0.25), yellow, without setae ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Chelicerae yellow with dark setae ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Sternum light yellow, without setae, edges dark ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Abdomen dorsally with reticulated dark brown pattern and tiny yellow spots, covered with short, dark setae ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1-8 ), ventrally light yellow ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Spinnerets whitish yellow with row of tightly packed, dark setae ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Legs light yellow, femora darker, with short dark setae ( Figs 1–2 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Palp with retrolateral tibial apophysis gradually narrowing, robust, with large base and thorn shaped extremity ( Figs 9–11 View FIGURES 9-11 ). Cymbium basally with wide dorsal circular pit (“sulcus” sensu Bosmans 2009) ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 9-11 ). Median apophysis bipartite and convoluted, with basal part broad and distal part long and slender. Embolus linear, originating basally from the tegulum, directed prolaterally and forming an elongate semicircle.

Female. Measurements: Total length 4.20. Carapace 1.70 long, 1.35 wide. Abdomen 2.50 long, 2.40 wide. Ocular area 0.50 long. Chelicerae l0.45 long, 0.30 wide. Sternum 1.0 long, 0.80 wide. Clypeus 0.20 high. Eye diameters and inter-distances: AME 0.12, ALE 0.10, PME 0.07, PLE 0.07, AME–AME 0.07, AME–ALE 0.02, AME–PLE 0.07, AME–PME 0.15, PME–PME 0.25, PME–PLE 0.07, PLE–ALE 0.05, PLE–PLE 0.40. Leg formula 4123. Leg lengths: Leg I 5.60 (1.50, 0.45, 1.25, 1.50, 0.90), Leg II 4.95 (1.30, 0.45, 1.10, 1.30, 0.80), Leg III 4.80 (1.30, 0.50, 1.0, 1.40, 0.60), Leg IV 6.45 (1.80, 0.50, 1.50, 1.85, 0.80). Prosoma yellowish brown ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1-8 ), blackish brown around AMEs, edges grey. ( Figs 7–8 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Clypeus high (0.25), dark yellow, with triangular dark markings medially, without setae ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Chelicerae yellow, dorsally with long, dark setae ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Sternum light yellow, without setae, edges dark ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Abdomen wide, dark brown with tiny yellow spots, covered with short dark setae ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Ventrally light yellow medially, margins light brown ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Spinnerets whitish yellow, with a row of tightly packed, dark setae ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Legs light yellow, femora darker with short, dark setae ( Figs 5–6 View FIGURES 1-8 ). Epigyne. Anteromedian depression of epigyne with hood-shaped incision and anteromedial cap. Vulva. Spermathecae with two large globular chambers adjacent to anteromedian hood and connected laterally to three adjoining coils arranged loosely ( Figs 12–16 View FIGURES 12-14 View FIGURES 15-16 ).

Distribution. Greece ( Bosmans, 2009) and İzmir Province in Western Turkey (new record) ( Fig. 34 View FIGURE 34 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Zodariidae

Genus

Zodarion

Loc

Zodarion samos Bosmans, 2009

Coşar, İlhan, Danişman, Tarik & Elverici, Mert 2022
2022
Loc

Zodarion samos

Russell-Smith, A. & Allison, R. & Askins, M. & Blumsom, W. & Snazell, R. & Spilling, C. 2011: 164
Bosmans, R. 2009: 285
2009