Drosophila (Sophophora) seguyi Smart, 1945,

Yassin, Amir, Suwalski, Arnaud & Raveloson Ravaomanarivo, Lala H., 2019, Resolving the synonymy and polyphyly of the ‘ Drosophila bakoue species complex’ (Diptera: Drosophilidae: ‘ D. montium species group’) with descriptions of two new species from Madagascar, European Journal of Taxonomy 532, pp. 1-26: 9-13

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2019.532

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1301752E-3FD5-4F3E-A4F3-6766D18C709A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C87F64-FFA4-FF88-8D70-485DFBC6A2D3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Drosophila (Sophophora) seguyi Smart, 1945
status

 

Drosophila (Sophophora) seguyi Smart, 1945 

Figs 1–2View FigView Fig, 3AView Fig, 4View Fig A–B, 5A, 6A –B

Drosophila (Sophophora) seguyi Smart, 1945: 56  .

Diagnosis

Male and female body pigmentation including halters and legs yellow ( Fig. 4View Fig A–B); male abdominal tergites T2–T4 with a thin black stripe expanding on the middle and fainting towards the margin, T5 with a broader stripe, T6 completely black ( Fig. 4AView Fig); dorsalmost surstylus prensiseta on the same axis with remaining prensisetae, hypandrial median process weakly pointed, aedeagus finger-like ( Fig. 5AView Fig); female T2–T5 with a broad black stripe and an expanding grayish area on the margin ( Fig. 4BView Fig); oviscapt fourth posterior peg-like outer ovisensillum on the same axis with the third and fifth ovisensilla ( Fig. 6AView Fig), with anterior ovisensilla short and thick ( Fig. 6BView Fig).

Type material

Holotype

KENYA • ♂; Mount Elgon ; 01°07′ N, 34°31′ E; 2490 m a.s.l.; 1932–1933; R. Jeannel leg.; MNHN.GoogleMaps 

Distribution

Kenya (type), Cameroon (new record), Malawi, island of Mayotte (new record), Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

Remarks

Two strains (K2 and K59) collected from Mombasa ( Kenya) in 1979 and identified as D. seguyi  by T. Okada were studied in genetic studies ( Ohnishi & Watanabe 1984; Zhang et al. 2003; Li et al. 2012; Chen et al. 2013; M. Watada, pers. comm.). These strains were also sent to the laboratory of Gif-sur-Yvette in France, where Léonidas Tsacas and Marie-Thérèse Chassagnard worked. Tsacas & Chassagnard (1992) considered the strain of D. vulcana  of Bock & Wheeler (1972) to be the true D. seguyi  . In Tsacas’ notebook recording the strains maintained at Gif-sur-Yvette, we found a note by him considering the K59 strain to be the true D. vulcana  . This strain was used in the revision of the genus Drosophila Fallén, 1823  of Da Lage et al. (2007), based on the nuclear gene Amyrel, although in the publication, Mount Selinda, the locality of the strain of D. vulcana  of Bock & Wheeler (1972), was mistakenly mentioned as the source of the Amyrel sequence (J.-L. Da Lage, pers. comm.). In spite of the suggestion of Tsacas & Chassagnard (1992), we prefer for taxonomic stability to consider both Kenyan strains to belong to the true D. seguyi  and to preserve the concept of D. seguyi  of Bock & Wheeler (1972). A strain collected in Cameroon by J. Pool in 2004, and preserved in the Drosophila  Species Stock Center, was identified based on the mitochondrial gene cytochrome oxidase subunit 2 (COII) as D. seguyi  , indicating the broad distribution of this species in Africa.

David et al. (2014) mentioned the presence of a strain of D. malagassya  on the island of Mayotte (discussed under D. malagassya  above). We have used this strain, as D. cf. malagassya  , in our combined phylogenetic study of the montium clade and showed its close affinity to the Kenyan strains of D. seguyi ( Yassin et al. 2016)  . Detailed morphological comparisons support the conspecificity of the strains from Kenya and Mayotte. Females of the strain of Mayotte exhibit the characteristic Mendelian color dimorphism, with the black morph being dominant ( Yassin et al. 2016).

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Drosophilidae

Genus

Drosophila

Loc

Drosophila (Sophophora) seguyi Smart, 1945

Yassin, Amir, Suwalski, Arnaud & Raveloson Ravaomanarivo, Lala H. 2019
2019
Loc

Drosophila (Sophophora) seguyi

Smart 1945: 56
1945