Centroctenus chalkidisi,

Brescovit, Antonio D., Torres, Richard A., Rego, Felipe N. A. A. & Polotow, Daniele, 2020, Six new species of the spider genus Centroctenus Mello-Leitão from the Neotropical region (Ctenidae, Cteninae), Zootaxa 4877 (2), pp. 311-328: 320-322

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4877.2.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:12504BE9-C243-4503-B3D7-BF29CCED821A

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4425100

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C9034E-FF85-FFB1-FF3C-B7357B4250D4

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Centroctenus chalkidisi
status

sp. n.

Centroctenus chalkidisi  sp. n.

Figure 8View FIGURE 8, 12CView FIGURE 12

Type material. Male holotype from COOMFLONA, Km 117, BR-163, Flona do Tapajós (3°31’1”S, 55°4’23”W), Belterra, Pará, Brazil, 15–17/XI/2018, Curso EBAM 2018 coll., deposited in IBSP 250630GoogleMaps  .

Additional material examined. None.

Etymology. The specific name is a patronymic in honor to the Hipócrates Chalkidis, teacher and curator of the UNAMA collection, in the city of Santarém, Pará, Brazil.

Diagnosis. Centroctenus chalkidisi  sp. n. resembles C. alinahui  sp. n. by the shape of the copulatory bulb sclerites ( Fig. 8View FIGURE 8 B–D), but can be distinguished by the cymbium with straight prolateral border, RTA distally flat and wide, with a scalloped internal branch and an acute external projection ( Fig. 8View FIGURE 8 B–D).

Description. Male (holotype). Carapace orange, with cephalic area and lateral borders brown ( Fig. 8AView FIGURE 8). Chelicerae, labium and endites orange. Legs and palps orange, with black bands on the tibia and metatarsus. Sternum yellow. Abdomen gray with an orange median dorsal folium ( Fig. 8AView FIGURE 8), ventrally light gray. Total length 9.8. Carapace 5.4 long and 4.2 wide. Eye diameters: AME 0.14, ALE 0.10, PME 0.18, PLE 0.20. Chelicerae: promargin with 3 teeth, the median almost twice as high as the laterals; retromargin with 5 similar-sized teeth. Leg measurements: I: femur 9/ patella 3.3/ tibia 9.2/ metatarsus 8.6/ tarsus 3.2/ total 33.3; II: 8.6/ 3.3/ 8.1/ 7.8/ 2.8/ 30.6; III: 7/ 3.5/ 7.5/ 6.3/ 2.2/ 26.5; IV: 9.6/ 3/ 8.6/ 12.2/ 3/ 36.4. Leg formula: 4123. Leg spination: tibia I-II v2-2-2-2-2, r1-1-0, p1-1-0, III-IV v2-2-2, r1-1-0, p1-1-0; metatarsus I-II v2-2-2, r1-1-0, p1-1-0, IV v2-2-2, r1-1-1, p1-1-1. Palp ( Fig. 8View FIGURE 8 B–D): tibia approximately two times the cymbium length; cymbium oval, distally tapered; tegulum oval; embolus short, curved, with large and long base; median apophysis enlarged; conductor hyaline next to the tip of embolus.

Female. Unknown.

Natural history. The specimen was collected manually at night, in a well-preserved area of dense ombrophilous forest in the Flona do Tapajós. This type of vegetation is characterized by the dominance of large trees under climatic regime of high temperatures and intense rainfall distributed throughout the year. The tree genera Hevea  , Bertholletia  and Dinizia  predominate, with woody lianas, palms and epiphytes also abundant ( Brazão & Santos 1997).

Distribution. Known only from the type locality ( Fig. 12CView FIGURE 12).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Ctenidae

Genus

Centroctenus