Centroctenus coloso, Brescovit & Torres & Rego & Polotow, 2020

Brescovit, Antonio D., Torres, Richard A., Rego, Felipe N. A. A. & Polotow, Daniele, 2020, Six new species of the spider genus Centroctenus Mello-Leitão from the Neotropical region (Ctenidae, Cteninae), Zootaxa 4877 (2), pp. 311-328: 316-318

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4877.2.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:12504BE9-C243-4503-B3D7-BF29CCED821A

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4574155

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C9034E-FF89-FFBD-FF3C-B6067B4257C7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Centroctenus coloso
status

sp. n.

Centroctenus coloso   sp. n.

Figures 4 View FIGURE 4 , 5 View FIGURE 5 , 12C View FIGURE 12

Type material. Male holotype and female paratype from El Paraiso village (9°29’6.95”N, 75°23’54.75”W, 290 masl), sample RAT_016, Colosó, Department of Sucre, Colombia, 9/VI/2017, R.A Torres coll., deposited in IBSP 250628 GoogleMaps   .

Additional material examined. None.

Note. Female paratype with detached legs IV and abdomen.

Etymology. The species epithet is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality, Colosó, in Colombia.

Diagnosis. Centroctenus coloso   is easily distinguished from other Centroctenus   by the presence of a dagger-

like RTA, a long and cuneiform median apophysis, as well as a short embolus with a very broad base ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 ) in the male palp. The female epigynum resembles those of Centroctenus miriuma   by the smooth lateral edges (see Brescovit 1996: fig. 31), but differs by the narrower and sclerotized median sector, in addition to short and wide lateral lobes ( Figs 5B View FIGURE 5 ).

Description. Male (holotype). Carapace orange, thoracic groove brown and eyes borders black. Chelicerae yellowish with gray bands. Labium, endites, and sternum yellow. Legs orange, Abdomen dorsally light gray with anterior border black, and presenting two dorsal median black spots, ventrally black with four rows of white, small spots. Total length 13.8. Carapace 7.1 long and 5.4 wide. Eye diameters: AME 0.14, ALE 0.08, PME 0.18, PLE 0.2. Chelicerae: promargin with 3 teeth, the median almost twice as high as the laterals; retromargin with 4 similar-sized teeth. Leg measurements: I: femur 7.5/ patella 3.1/ tibia 7.7/ metatarsus 7.4/ tarsus 3/ total 28.7; II: 7.2/ 3.1/ 6.4/ 6.5/ 2.6/ 25.8; III: 6.4/ 2.3/ 5.3/ 6.4/ 2.1/ 22.5; IV: 8.4/ 2.8/ 7/ 10.1/ 3/ 31.3. Leg formula: 4123. Leg spination: tibia I-II v2-2-2-2-2, r1-1-1, p1-1-1, III-IV v2-2-2, r1-1-0, p1-1-0; metatarsus I-IV v 2-2-2, r1-1-1, p1-1-1. Palp ( Figs 4 View FIGURE 4 A–D): tibia approximately three times the cymbium length; RTA with large base; cymbium oval, sinuous retrolaterally; tegulum projected posteriorly; embolus short and tin at the tip; median apophysis with long and hyaline base; conductor subdistal, involving distal area of embolus.

Female (paratype). Coloration as in male, except carapace dorsally yellow, labium and endites brown, abdomen almost cream ( Fig. 5A View FIGURE 5 ). Total length 16.7. Carapace 7.8 long and 6 wide. Eye diameters: AME 0.12, ALE 0.09, PME 0.2, PLE 0.2. Chelicerae: promargin with 3 teeth, the median almost twice as high as the laterals; retromargin with 4 similar-sized teeth. Leg measurements: I: femur 6.4/ patella 3.2/ tibia 5.6/ metatarsus 4.8/ tarsus 1.8/ total 21.8; II: 6.2/ 2.8/ 4.3/ 4.1/ 2.4/ 19.8; III: 5.4/ 2.5/ 4/ 4.4/ 1.8/ 18.1; IV: 6.8/ 2.7/ 5.7/ 7.8/ 2.1/ 25.1. Leg formula: 4123. Leg spination: tibia I-II v2-2-2-2-2, r0, p0, III-IV v2-2-2, r1-1-0, p1-1-0; metatarsus I-II v2-2-2, r1-1-0, p1- 1-0, III-IV v2-2-2, r1-1-1-, p1-1-1. Female genitalia ( Fig. 5B, C View FIGURE 5 ): median sector of epigynum large and shallow; posterior border curved; copulatory ducts long and narrow; spermathecae oval; fertilization ducts elongated, sinuous and basally positioned.

Natural history. The type series was collected at night hours on the ground covered with leaf litter, at the edge of a stream inside a dry forest at 290 masl. This collection site is located in the Montes de María y Piojó biogeographic unit ( Hernández et al. 1992), which comprises one of the largest and better preserved and tropical dry forests in Colombia ( Pizano & García 2014). The species was collected with other ctenids, such as Ancylometes bogotensis Keyserling, 1877   , Phoneutria boliviensis (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897)   and Ctenus   sp.

Distribution. Known only from the type locality ( Fig. 12C View FIGURE 12 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Ctenidae

Genus

Centroctenus