Leuronota Crawford, 1914

Rendón-Mera, Diana Isabel, Serna, Francisco & Burckhardt, Daniel, 2017, Generic synopsis of the jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Psylloidea) from Colombia, Zootaxa 4350 (3) : -

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https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4350.3.2

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Leuronota Crawford


Leuronota Crawford View in CoL View at ENA

( Fig. 34 View FIGURES 28 – 36 , 69 View FIGURES 59 – 70 , 83 View FIGURES 81 – 83 )

Diagnosis: Head about as wide as mesoscutum, scarcely or not deflected from body; genal processes divergent, variably upturned ( Fig. 34 View FIGURES 28 – 36 ). Antennae 2.0-3.6 times longer than head width; segment 3 the longest; terminal setae truncate, one smaller than the other. Pronotum anteriorly with a central spine-like tubercle projected forward, posteriorly with two rounded tubercles on each side. Forewing with strict trifurcation; membrane often maculated ( Fig. 69 View FIGURES 59 – 70 ). Meracanthus prominent; metatibia with prominent genual spine and 3+1 apical spurs. Male proctiger with anus directed anteriorly; paramere often with well-developed posterior lobe. Female proctiger usually truncate or rounded with a dorsal sclerotised, transverse groove distal to circumanal ring ( Crawford 1914; Brown & Hodkinson 1988).

Biology and damage: Immatures of Leuronota calycophylli Burckhardt & Couturier , for instance, are found feeding on Calycophyllum spruceanum (Rubiaceae) , inducing marginal rolls on young shoots inside which they live ( Burckhardt & Couturier 1994).

Host-plants: Acanthaceae , Boraginaceae , Calophyllaceae , Cannabaceae , Cunoniaceae , Dipterocarpaceae , Meliaceae , Rubiaceae , Rutaceae and Solanaceae ( Brown & Hodkinson 1988; Burckhardt 1988; Ouvrard 2017).

Distribution: Southern United States, Central and South America, tropical Asia ( Hodkinson 1989).

Examined material: Leuronota maculata Crawford : Magdalena: 1 (female), Parque Tayrona, Bahia de Neuguangue , ca. 25 km NE Santa Marta, 08-Oct-1985 (H. G. Müller), MHNG.— Leuronota maritima Tuthill : Magdalena: 5 (male, female), Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, estuary of Río Fundacíon, 29-Aug-1985 (H. G. Müller), MHNG.— Leuronota sp. 1: Boyacá; 1 (female), Iguaque, El Boquerón, Santuario de Flora y Fauna (SFF), 5°25'N, 73°27'W, 2600 m, 1‒27-Dec-2002, Malaise (P. Reina), IAvH-E-161388; 1 (female), SFF Iguaque, Qda. Carrizal, 5°25’N, 73°27’W, 3350 m, 17-Aug–1-Sep-2000, Malaise (P. Reina), IAvH-E-161390.— Leuronota sp. 2: Cauca: 1 (female), Popayán, Vda. La Rejoya, Parcelación Atardeceres de La Pradera, 2°30’27.54”N, 76°34’54.80”W, 1800 m, 24-Jan-2015, Psidium guajava (A. Rendón) , UNAB 1490. — Leuronota sp. 3: Magdalena: 1 (female), San Lorenzo, N of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, 2200 m, 28-Apr-1986 (H. G. Müller), MHNG.











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