Hersiliola turcica, Marusik & Kunt & Yagmur, 2010

Marusik, Yuri, Kunt, Kadir & Yagmur, Ersen, 2010, A new species of Hersiliola Thorell, 1870 (Araneae, Hersiliidae) from Turkey, ZooKeys 37 (37), pp. 27-34: 28-32

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.3897/zookeys.37.398

publication LSID




persistent identifier


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scientific name

Hersiliola turcica

sp. n.

Hersiliola turcica   sp. n.


H. macullulata: Yağmur et al., 2008: 63   , f. 2a–b (figures belong to H. macullulata   ).

Material: Holotype ♁ ( SMF) Kahramanmaraş Province, Nurhak District, YeŞilkent (Kullar) Town [37°58'54.39"N; 37°30'56.01"E], 9.07.2006 (E.A. Yağmur & S. AnlaŞ) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: 1♀ 1juv. ( SMF), Kahramanmaraş Province, Türkoğlu District [37°30'10.51"N; 36°51'07.60"E], 4.06.2006 (E.A. Yağmur & M. Özkörük) GoogleMaps   ;

Figures Ι–3. Habitus and pattern of Hersiliola turcica   sp. n. Ι holotype male, dorsal 2 female from Nizip District 3 female abdomen from Harran Town.

1♀ 1juv. ( SMF), Kahramanmaraş Province, Elbistan District, TaŞburun Village [38°10'03.68"N; 37°12'06.07"E], 17.06.2006 (E.A. Yağmur & M. YalçIn) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( ZMMU), Gaziantep Province, Nizip District, Türkyurdu Village [37°00'05.21"N; 37°38'44.54"E], 20.01.2008 (E.A.Yağmur & Gökhan KatIrcI) GoogleMaps   ; 1♁ ( ZMMU), ŞanlIurfa Province, Birecik District, Birecik (Kelaynak) Valley [37°02'49.72"N; 37°59'28.88"E], 5.06.2004 (E.A. Yağmur & A. Akkaya) GoogleMaps   ; 1♁ (without embolus) ( ZMMU), ŞanlIurfa Province, Birecik District, Birecik (Kelaynak) Valley [37°02'49.72"N; 37°59'28.88"E], 5.06.2004 (E.A. Yağmur & A. Akkaya) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( ZMMU), ŞanlIurfa Province, Harran Town [36°51'51.62"N; 39°01'54.54"E], 6.04.2006 (E.A. Yağmur & M.Z. YIldIz) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ ( ZMMU), Kilis Province, Musabeyli District, Kürtüncü Village [36°55'37.83"N; 36°58'41.30"E], 17.05.2006 (E.A. Yağmur & M. Özkörük) GoogleMaps   ; 3♁♁ 2♀♀ ( MTAS), Hatay Province, YayladağI District, Güveççi Village [(35°53'36.63"N, 36°09'38.10"E], 29.04.2007 (E.A. Yağmur & H.Koç). GoogleMaps  

Etymology. The specific name refers to the area of distribution.

Diagnosis. Males of the new species differ from all other congeners by the extremely long embolus with 3.5 coils, the position of embolic base, and the long tegular apophysis. Females of H. turcica   sp. n. are similar to those of H. macullulata   , H. afghanica   and H. sternbergsi   in the shape of epigynal plate, but can be distinguished by its proportions (height/width ratio). The vulva of new species is similar to that in H. afghanica   in having numerous coils, but the two species can be easily separated by the shape of the epigynal plate (which has no transverse part in H. afghanica   ) and the smaller receptacula in the new species.

Description. Male (holotype). Total length 5.65. Carapace 2.13 long, 2.25 wide, femur I 4.8, femur I/carapace length ratio 2.25. Pattern distinct, carapace with dark marginal bands, four pairs of dots and thin median stripe, cephalic area dark. Abdomen with rhomboidal cardiac spot and four pairs of transverse bands. The upper transverse band originates from the cardiac spot. Sides of abdomen with dark band. Legs with wide annulations.

Figures 4–9. Male palp of Hersiliola turcica   sp. n. 4–5, 8–9 ventral 6 retrolateral 7 prolateral. 4– 7 holotype 8–9 from Birecik. 8 palp with broken embolus. Abbreviations: Be base of embolus Ef tegular furrow for embolus Em embolus Ta tegular apophysis.

Palp as in Figs 4–9. Cymbium 1.43 long; tegulum round, its diameter 0.74; tegular apophysis (Ta) long, claw like, its length almost equal to tegular radius; base of embolus (Be) located at 4 o’clock, embolus (Em) very long and thin, with approximately 3.5 coils, in resting position located in furrow (Ef) running around edge of tegulum. Number of coils is unclear because in all specimens examined, embolus either broken or removed from the tegular furrow.

Female. Total length 5.75–6.75. Carapace 2.25–2.38 long, 2.18–2.43 wide, femur I 30.8–3.75, femur I/carapace length ratio 1.37–1.58. Coloration variable from light to dark. Dark specimens with indistinct abdominal pattern.

Epigyne as in Figs 10–13, size slightly variable; with a distinct median plate (Mp) and windows, proportions of median plate and atria slightly variable; septum (Se) as wide as height of epigynal plate, insemination duct (Id) very long, with seven coils around fertilization duct (Fd); receptacula (Re) small and round, diameter equal to that of insemination duct.

Note. One male from Birecik District has totally broken embolus (Fig. 8) and a rotated tegulum that caused translocation of the position of embolic base.

Distribution. The specimens were collected from several provinces in Southeastern Turkey (Gaziantep, Hatay, KahramanmaraŞ, Kilis and ŞanlIurfa) (Fig.14).

Figures Ι0–Ι3. Epigyne of Hersiliola turcica   sp. n. Ι0, Ι2–Ι3 ventral ΙΙ dorsal. ΙΙ, Ι2 after maceration in lactic acid. Ι0–Ι2 from KahramanmaraŞ Province Ι3 from Nizip District. Scale = 0.1 mm. Abbreviations: Fd fertilisation duct Id insemination duct Mp median plate Re receptaculum Se septum Wi window.

42 °

36 °

28 ° 36 ° 38 ° 40 ° 42 ° 44 °

Figure Ι4. Distribution of Hersiliola turcica   sp. n. Numbers correspond to localities on the map: Ι KahramanmaraŞ Province, Nurhak District 2 KahramanmaraŞ Province, Türkoğlu District 3 KahramanmaraŞ Province 4 Gaziantep Province 5 ŞanlIurfa Province, Birecik District 6 ŞanlIurfa Province, Harran Town 7 Kilis Province 8 Hatay Province.

During the field trips, we observed that the new species was common between the west of the FIrat (=Euphrates) River and the Mediterranean region. However, the new species was also collected from the east side of the FIrat River. This suggests that the distribution range of the new species extends to eastern Turkey which has a Mediterranean climate.


Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg


Zoological Museum, Moscow Lomonosov State University














Hersiliola turcica

Marusik, Yuri, Kunt, Kadir & Yagmur, Ersen 2010

H. macullulata: Yağmur et al., 2008: 63

Yagmur EA & Kunt KB & YalcIn M 2008: 63