Phanaeus malyi Arnaud, 2002a

Moctezuma, Victor & Halffter, Gonzalo, 2021, Taxonomic revision of the Phanaeus endymion species group (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), with the descriptions of five new species, European Journal of Taxonomy 747, pp. 1-71 : 26-29

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2021.747.1333

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3F0B6EAF-C616-4865-811A-414A094B590C

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4726229

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CA87F2-FFE7-FFDD-FDF6-41E4BA453C24

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Phanaeus malyi Arnaud, 2002a
status

 

Phanaeus malyi Arnaud, 2002a  

Figs 1I View Fig , 2E View Fig , 7 View Fig , 16–17 View Fig View Fig , 18J View Fig , 19J View Fig

Phanaeus pyrois malyi Arnaud, 2002a: 4   .

Phanaeus pyrois   – Bates 1887: 58 (in part, as a variety of P. pyrois   ). — Kohlmann et al. 2018: 78 (in part).

Phanaeus blanchardi   (error) – Olsoufieff 1924: 92 (not P. blanchardi Harold, 1871: 114   , in part). — Vulcano & Pereira 1967: 575 (in part). — Martínez & Pereira 1967: 68 (in part, as synonym of P. funereus   ). — Edmonds 1972: 830, fig. 256 (in part); 1994: 3, 8, 45–46 (in part, as synonym of P. pyrois   ). — Arnaud 1982: 116 (in part, as synonym of P. funereus   ). — Krajcik 2006: 152 (as synonym of P. pyrois   ). — Edmonds & Zídek 2012: 5, 13 (in part, as synonym of P. pyrois   ). — Chamorro et al. 2019: 220–221 (in part, as synonym of P. pyrois   ).

Phanaeus pyrois malyi   – Arnaud 2002b: 97 (as subspecies of P. pyrois   ). — Solís & Kohlmann 2012: 1, 9–10 (as subspecies of P. pyrois   ). — Edmonds & Zídek 2012: 1, 8, 13 (as synonym of P. pyrois   ). — Krajcik 2006: 152 (as subspecies of P. pyrois   ). — Kohlmann et al. 2018: 78.

Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus) pyrois malyi   – Arnaud 2002b: 96 (as subspecies of P. pyrois   ).

Phanaeus malyi   – Solís & Kohlmann 2012: 1, 7, 31, fig. 1. — Edmonds & Zídek 2012: 3, 6 (as synonym of P. pyrois   ). — Kohlmann et al. 2018: 67–69 View Cited Treatment , 78–80, 82, 88–89, figs 8, S1b. — Gillett & Toussaint 2020: fig. 4.

Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus) malyi   – Kohlmann et al. 2018: 78 View Cited Treatment .

Non Phanaeus olsoufieffi   (error) – Balthasar 1939: 242 (in part). — Edmonds 1994: 8, 45–46 (in part, as synonym of P. pyrois   ). — Arnaud 2002b: 96 (in part). — Krajcik 2006: 152 (in part, as synonym of P. pyrois   ). — Edmonds & Zídek 2012: 3, 5–6 (in part, as synonym of P. pyrois   ).

Non Phanaeus bothrus   (error) – Blackwelder 1944: 209 (in part). — Martínez & Pereira 1967: 68 (in part, as synonym of P. funereus   ). — Edmonds 1994: 8, 45 (in part, as synonym of P. pyrois   ). — Arnaud 2002b: 97 (in part, as synonym of P. olsoufieffi   ). — Krajcik 2006: 152 (in part, as synonym of P. pyrois   ). — Edmonds & Zídek 2012: 3, 5 (in part, as synonym of P. pyrois   ).

Non Phanaeus (Phanaeus) blanchardi   (error) – Martínez & Pereira 1967: 68 (in part, as synonym of P. funereus   ).

Non Phanaeus (Phanaeus) olsoufieffi   (error) – Martínez & Pereira 1967: 68 (in part, as synonym of P. funereus   ).

Non Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus) pyrois olsoufieffi   (error) – Arnaud 2002b: 96 (in part).

Non Phanaeus pyrois olsoufieffi   (error) – Arnaud 2002b: 98; 2018: 4 (in part).

Diagnosis

Easily diagnosed species by the bright black colour with red-green sheen on frontolateral angles of pronotum ( Fig. 2E View Fig ); elytral striae fine, smooth, impressed basally as distinct fossae ( Fig. 7 View Fig ). The rest of black species within the P. endymion   species group ( P. funereus   , P. olsoufieffi   , P. panamensis   sp. nov.) are differentiated from P. malyi   by the elytral striae not strongly impressed basally as distinct fossae and the shape of the endophallite copulatrix ( Fig. 1 View Fig ).

Type material

Holotype (not studied)

COSTA RICA • ♂, Arnaud 2002a: 3; Puntarenas, Carara National Park, Estación Quebrada Bonita ; originally deposited at INBIO; MNCR.  

Non-type material revised (10 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀)

COLOMBIA • 1 ♂; unknown locality; “[Illegible data]/ Ex-musӕo D. Sharp 1890/ Museum Paris ex Coll. R. Oberthur / PARALECTOTYPE/ PARALECTOTYPE Phanaeus (Phanaeus) blanchardi Olsoufieff, 1924   / MNHN EC10569 ”; MNHN   .

COSTA RICA – Puntarenas • 1 ♂; “ San Luis, San Luis Vly. VII-29–1996. Coll. Louis La Pierre ”; VMC   1 ♀; “ 6km S. San Vito. 27-IV / 7-V 1967. 100m. D.F. Viers col. human feces? ”; TAMU   1 ♂; “ S.Vito , Las Cruces. July 1982. B.Gill. 1200 m ”; IEXA   1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; TAMU   1 ♂, 1 ♀; “ S.Vito , Las Cruces. 17 VIII-12 IX 1982. B.Gill. 1200 m ”; TAMU   1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding; UVGC   1 ♀; “ S.Vito , Las Cruces. 15–18 VIII 1982. B.Gill. 1200 m ”; VMC   1 ♂; “ Rincón de Osa. 3-X-69. G. Halffter y P. Reyes C., col. Selva tropical lluviosa. Cebo excremento. Día”; GHC   1 ♀; “ Rincón de Osa. 5-X-69. G. Halffter y P. Reyes C., col. Selva tropical lluviosa. Cebo excremento. Día”; GHC   1 ♀; “ Rincón de Osa. 30-IX-69. G. Halffter y P. Reyes C., col. Selva tropical lluviosa. Cebo excremento. Día (11–17 hrs.)”; VMC   1 ♂; “ Rincón de Osa. 22–5–1965. Col. P. Kazan ”; GHC   .

PANAMA – Chiriquí • 1 ♂; “ Cerro Hornito 15 km NE Gualaca. 17–21 VI 1982. B.Gill. 1200 m.”; TAMU   1 ♂; “ Cerro Pelota 4 km N Sta.Clara. 9–18 VIII 1982. B.Gill. 1500 m.”; VMC   .

Type locality

Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Carara National Park, Estación Quebrada Bonita.

Redescription

Major male

HEAD. Completely bright black. Clypeus bidentate, with roughened sculpture. Genae with roughened sculpture. Cephalic horn curved posteriorly over pronotum ( Figs 2E View Fig , 7A View Fig ).

PRONOTUM. Keel absent in the middle of anterior pronotal margin. Disc triangular, flat; with two weakly developed, elongate tubercles on anterior portion. Triangle bright black, smooth, scabriculous, impunctate. Sides bright black, becoming bright metallic red-green; scabriculous, with smooth sculpture, almost effaced punctures. Lateral lines of triangle straight. Posterolateral angles short, widened. Lateral

fossae distinctly impressed. Basal fossae distinctly to superficially impressed. Posterior margin with distinctly to superficially impressed punctures ( Figs 2E View Fig , 7A View Fig ).

ELYTRA. Striae fine, smooth, completely bright black, with superficially impressed to effaced punctures, scabriculous, impressed basally as distinct fossae. Interstriae bright black, with smooth surface, scabriculous, impunctate or with almost effaced punctures. Sutural margin without apical tooth ( Figs 7A View Fig ).

PROTIBIAE. Quadridentate with apical spine.

TERGITE VIII. Bright metallic red-green, scabriculous sculpture; with rough, superficially impressed punctures. Basal margin with setae variable in size.

GENITALIA. Right and left lobes of endophallite copulatrix similar in size. Right lobe obtusely triangular in shape, rounded superiorly. Left lobe obtusely lobed. Central ridge less developed than central column ( Fig. 1I View Fig ).

Minor male

Like the major male, except for the reduction of the secondary sexual characters (i.e., cephalic horn, pronotal triangle and tubercles, and pronotal posterolateral angles).

Female

Similar to the male, except for the head showing a cephalic trituberculate carina, with nearly aligned, rounded or carinate, weakly developed tubercles; middle tubercle slightly more developed than lateral tubercles; frons with superficially impressed punctures; pronotum with almost effaced punctures; pronotal process trituberculate, lacking concavity; middle pronotal tubercle more developed, slightly more projected posteriorly than lateral tubercles; all tubercles rounded in shape; posterior pronotal midline completely effaced to almost effaced ( Fig. 7B View Fig ).

Variation

Mean length 17.8 mm (12.8–20.5 mm). Colour variation was not found for P. malyi   .

Distribution

Southern Pacific costal area, Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia ( Figs 16–17 View Fig View Fig ). The specimens revised by us represent the first accurate records of P. malyi   from Panama. Apparently, the distributions of P. malyi   and P. panamensis   sp. nov. show a significant area of sympatry and both species may be collected in the same locality (e.g., Cerro Hornito, Panama). Nevertheless, P. malyi   and P. panamensis   sp. nov. are confidently identified by the diagnosis provided herein and putative hybrid specimens were not found by us. The MNHN EC10569 specimen represents the first record for P. malyi   in Colombia. Nevertheless, the illegible label data prevents us to provide an accurate locality ( Fig. 7C View Fig ). The extent of the distribution of P. malyi   in Colombia needs to be confirmed by future research.

Remarks

Phanaeus malyi   was considered by previous authors as a synonym of P. pyrois ( Edmonds & Zídek 2012)   . Nevertheless, clear differences in the external and genital morphology of P. malyi   were found by us. These differences support the full species status suggested by Solís & Kohlmann (2012) and Kohlmann et al. (2018). When revising the type material housed at MNHM, a Colombian minor male specimen of P. malyi   was found to be labelled as a paralectotype of P. blanchardi   ( Fig. 7C View Fig , MNHN EC10569).

MNCR

Costa Rica, San Jose, Museo Nacional de Costa Rica

MNHN

France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

TAMU

USA, Texas, College Station, Texas A & M University

UVGC

Guatemala, Guatemala City, Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Collecion de Artropodos

MNCR

Museo Nacional de Costa Rica

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

UVGC

Collecion de Artropodos

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Phanaeus

Loc

Phanaeus malyi Arnaud, 2002a

Moctezuma, Victor & Halffter, Gonzalo 2021
2021
Loc

Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus) malyi

Kohlmann B. & Arriaga-Jimenez A. & Ros M. 2018: 78
2018
Loc

Phanaeus malyi

Kohlmann B. & Arriaga-Jimenez A. & Ros M. 2018: 67
Solis A. & Kohlmann B. 2012: 1
Edmonds W. D. & Zidek J. 2012: 3
2012
Loc

Phanaeus pyrois malyi

Arnaud P. 2002: 4
2002
Loc

Phanaeus pyrois malyi

Kohlmann B. & Arriaga-Jimenez A. & Ros M. 2018: 78
Solis A. & Kohlmann B. 2012: 1
Edmonds W. D. & Zidek J. 2012: 1
Krajcik M. 2006: 152
Arnaud P. 2002: 97
2002
Loc

Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus) pyrois malyi

Arnaud P. 2002: 96
2002
Loc

Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus) pyrois olsoufieffi

Arnaud P. 2002: 96
2002
Loc

Phanaeus pyrois olsoufieffi

Arnaud P. 2018: 4
Arnaud P. 2002: 98
2002
Loc

Phanaeus (Phanaeus) blanchardi

Martinez A & Pereira F. S. 1967: 68
1967
Loc

Phanaeus (Phanaeus) olsoufieffi

Martinez A & Pereira F. S. 1967: 68
1967
Loc

Phanaeus bothrus

Edmonds W. D. & Zidek J. 2012: 3
Krajcik M. 2006: 152
Arnaud P. 2002: 97
Edmonds W. D. 1994: 8
Martinez A & Pereira F. S. 1967: 68
Blackwelder R. E. 1944: 209
1944
Loc

Phanaeus olsoufieffi

Edmonds W. D. & Zidek J. 2012: 3
Krajcik M. 2006: 152
Arnaud P. 2002: 96
Edmonds W. D. 1994: 8
Balthasar V. 1939: 242
1939
Loc

Phanaeus blanchardi

Chamorro W. & Marin-Armijos D. & Asenjo A. 2019: 220
Edmonds W. D. & Zidek J. 2012: 5
Krajcik M. 2006: 152
Arnaud P. 1982: 116
Edmonds W. D. 1972: 830
Vulcano M. A. & Pereira F. S. 1967: 575
Martinez A & Pereira F. S. 1967: 68
Olsoufieff G. d' 1924: 92
Harold E. 1871: 114
1924
Loc

Phanaeus pyrois

Kohlmann B. & Arriaga-Jimenez A. & Ros M. 2018: 78
Bates H. W. 1887: 58
1887