Kempyninae Carpenter, 1943: 757

Martins, Caleb Califre & Price, Benjamin W., 2020, An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the Osmylidae collection (Neuroptera) at the Natural History Museum, London, Zootaxa 4883 (1), pp. 1-61 : 10-18

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4883.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4E9CC17B-0A98-472B-9468-7843693E3E7A

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4329478

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CD87F5-FFED-FFA6-FF4E-FDDBFB41FD69

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Kempyninae Carpenter, 1943: 757
status

 

Subfamily Kempyninae Carpenter, 1943: 757

Original combination: Australysmus lacustris Kimmins, 1940: 198

Current combination: Australysmus lacustris Kimmins, 1940

Type locality: [“ Mt. Kosciusko, Blue Lake”], Australia, New South Wales (state), Blue Lake (lake), Mt. Kosciuszko (mountain) (36º24’15”S, 148º18’54”E) GoogleMaps .

Holotype ³ (by original designation) with labels: ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 )

Condition of type: good condition, abdominal apex and genitalia slide mounted and pinned together with the specimen.

Missing parts: apical right flagellomeres.

Comments: Kimmins mentioned in the introduction of the article with the original description: “The recent acquisition by the British Museum of the historic collection of Neuroptera built up by McLachlan, and also the types and many of the specimens of Neuroptera from the Tillyard collection”. The holotype was collected by Tillyard (Robert “Robin” John Tillyard) and was part of Tillyard’s collection, which was donated to the NHM by Mrs Patricia “Pattie” Tillyard in 1939.

Original combination: Kempynus falcatus Navás, 1912: 193

Current combination: Kempynus falcatus Navás, 1912

Type locality: [“ Chile. Meelchen”], Chile, Bío-Bío (province), Mulchen (city) (37º43’4”S, 72º14’14”W). Holotype ♀ (by monotypy) with labels: ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 ) GoogleMaps

Condition of type: good condition, basal costal region of left hindwing with glue, abdominal apex and genitalia slide mounted and pinned together with the specimen.

Missing parts: flagellomeres of both antennae.

Comments: In the original description, Navás mentioned that the locality of the specimen is “ Chile. Meelchen”, however in the original label of locality is possible to read “Mulchen”, probably Navás confused the letter “u” with “ee”.

The specimen was collected by Mr. Henry John Elwes (1846–1922) (see label), a British botanist, entomologist, traveler and renowned collector.

Original combination: Osmylus incisus McLachlan, 1863: 112

Current combination: Kempynus incisus ( McLachlan, 1863)

Type locality: [“ N. Zeal. (Auckland)”], New Zealand, Auckland (district), Auckland (city) (36º50’26”S, 174º44’24”E) GoogleMaps .

Lectotype ³ (by explicit designation, as “type” or “typus”) with labels: ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 )

Condition of type: good condition, abdominal apex and genitalia slide mounted and pinned together with the specimen.

Missing parts: right flagellomeres, apical left flagellomeres, posterior left tarsomeres.

Comments: Kimmins (1940) erroneously designated a specimen from Auckland as the holotype, however in the original description McLachlan used specimens of his collection and from the collection of the Natural History Museum (then “British Museum”) and did not designate a holotype. Thus following ICZN Article 74.6 the “ holotype ” of Kimmins (1940) is in fact a lectotype by explicit designation of “ holotype ” ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 ) from Auckland and his three “ paratypes ” are paralectotypes, one from Auckland ( NHMUK010594889 View Materials ) and two from Otago ( NHMUK010594815 View Materials ; NHMUK01059482 View Materials ) .

McLachlan, in his article of 1894 mentioned that he received material from his friend George Vernon Hudson (including specimens from this species), who was a New Zealand postal clerk, artist and entomologist ( Salmon 1946). In the same article McLachlan mentioned he had specimens of K. incisus (then Spilosmylus incisus ) from Otago, Waitara and Wellington, and that according to Mr. Hudson it is rare in the neighbourhood of Wellington. The specimen was part of a collection purchased from “Captain Stevens” in 1860.

Original combination: Osmylus longipennis Walker, 1853: 235

Current combination: Kempynus longipennis ( Walker, 1853)

Type locality: [“ New Holland ”], Australia (no further locality data).

Holotype (sex undetermined) (by monotypy) with labels: ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 )

Condition of type: bad condition, many missing parts, mesonotum with glue, right wings has been removed and slide mounted, left wings damaged mainly in the apical region.

Missing parts: right flagellomeres, left antenna, anterior left femur, anterior left tibia, anterior left tarsomeres, medial left tarsomeres, and abdomen.

Comments: There is a printed label “Australasia”and a manuscript label “ O. longipennis Australian ” not in Walker’s handwriting, however in the original description the type locality is mentioned as “ New Holland ”.

Original combination: Stenosmylus citrinus McLachlan, 1873: 38

Current combination: Kempynus citrinus ( McLachlan, 1873)

Type locality: [“ New Zealand ”], New Zealand (no further locality data).

Holotype ♀ (by implicit monotypy) with labels: ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 )

Condition of type: good condition.

Missing parts: there are no missing parts.

Comments: In the article with the original description, Mclachlan mentioned that much of the material utilized was received from several entomologists, including his friend Richard William Fereday (c.1820–1899) who was a lawyer, entomologist and artist ( Teara 2020).

Mclachlan also mentioned that he received material from Mr. H. Edwards, probably Henry Edwards (18301891) who was an English entomologist, writer and stage actor ( Beutenmuller 1891). According to McLachlan the specimens (including this holotype) have no specific localities, only New Zealand. The specimen was part of the large McLachlan collection purchased from the nephew of Robert McLachlan in 1938.

Original combination: Stenosmylus latiusculus McLachlan, 1894: 241

Current combination: Kempynus latiusculus ( McLachlan, 1894)

Type locality: [“ Otira Gorge”], New Zealand, Westland district (district), Otira Gorge (city) (42º52’05”S, 171º33’00”E) GoogleMaps .

Holotype ♀ (by original designation) with labels: ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 )

Condition of type: good condition, right hindwing is glued on the metathorax, abdominal apex and genitalia slide mounted and pinned together with the specimen.

Missing parts: right flagellomeres, medial right leg, posterior right leg.

Comments: McLachlan mentioned in his original description that he was in debt to Mr. George Vernon Hudson, from Wellington, for several specimens utilized in that work, so probably the specimen above was sent by Hudson. The specimen was collected at light, as mentioned in the label “Otira gorge, on window at light”. In the original description McLachlan also mention that there is another female specimen without special indication of locality, possibly from Greymouth. The specimen was part of the large McLachlan collection purchased from the nephew of Robert McLachlan in 1938.

Original combination: Stenosmylus stellae McLachlan, 1899: 259

Current combination: Euosmylus stellae ( McLachlan, 1899)

Type locality: [“ Wainuiomata River, about 17 miles from Wellington, New Zealand ”], New Zealand, near Wellington (city) (41°15′41″S 174°57′3″E )), Wainuiomata River (river) GoogleMaps .

Lectotype ♀ (by explicit designation, as “type” or “typus”) with labels: ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 )

Condition of type: good condition, apex of right hindwing damaged.

Missing parts: right flagellomeres, posterior left tibia, posterior left tarsomeres.

Comments: McLachlan examined four specimens in the original description and he did not make clear the existence of a holotype, thus the four specimens examined by this author are syntypes, however Kimmins (1940) cited a “type” (one female with type label) in his article, which is the lectotype ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 ) by explicit designation as “type” (article 74.6 of ICZN), and the other three specimens ( NHMUK010594202 View Materials ; NHMUK010594188 View Materials ; NHMUK010594626 View Materials ), despite having a paratype labels, are in fact paralectotypes.

In the original description Mclachlan mentioned his debt to Mr. George Vernon Hudson, from Wellington, for the specimens used to describe this species and their variations, and named this species after Mr. Hudson’s daughter. The specimen was part of the large McLachlan collection purchased from the nephew of Robert McLachlan in 1938.

Original combination: Stenosmylus stellae variation connexus McLachlan, 1899: 259

Current combination: Euosmylus stellae ( McLachlan, 1899)

Type locality: [“ Wainuiomata River, about 17 miles from Wellington, New Zealand ”], New Zealand, near Wellington (city) (41°15′41″S 174°57′3″E), Wainuiomata River (river) GoogleMaps .

Lectotype ³ (by explicit designation, as “type” or “typus”) with labels: ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 )

Condition of type: good condition, apex of right hindwing damaged.

Missing parts: there are no missing parts.

Comments: McLachlan examined two specimens in the original description and did not make clear the existence of a holotype, thus the two specimens examined by this author are syntypes, however Kimmins (1940) cited a “type” (one male with type label), which is considered the lectotype ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 ) by explicit designation as “type” (article 74.6 of ICZN), and the other specimen ( NHMUK010595114 View Materials ), despite having a paratype label, is in fact a paralectotype.

MacLachlan mentions in the original description “I see no reason to doubt that all the examples before me belong to the same species. Mr. Hudson is also of that opinion. The forms above described represent extreme and intermediate conditions, which in all probability could be connected in a long series; but it seemed advisable to apply varietal names.” Added to this the author used the term “var.”, which express an infrasubspecific entity, according to article 45.6.4.

This variation is considered junior synonym of Euosmylus stellae ( McLachlan, 1899) , see Oswald (2020). The specimen was probably collected by Mr. George Vernon Hudson friend of McLachlan. The specimen was part of the large McLachlan collection purchased from the nephew of Robert McLachlan in 1938.

Original combination: Stenosmylus stellae variation obliteratus McLachlan, 1899: 260

Current combination: Euosmylus stellae ( McLachlan, 1899)

Type locality: [“ Wainuiomata River, about 17 miles from Wellington, New Zealand ”], New Zealand, near Wellington (city) (41°15′41″S 174°57′3″E), Wainuiomata River (river) GoogleMaps .

Lectotype ³ (by explicit designation, as “type” or “typus”) with labels: ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 )

Condition of type: good condition.

Missing parts: medial left tarsomeres.

Comments: McLachlan examined four specimens in the original description and did not make clear the existence of a holotype, thus the four specimens examined by this author are syntypes, however Kimmins (1940) cited a “type” (one male with type label) in his article, which is the lectotype ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 ) by explicit designation as “type” (article 74.6 of ICZN), and the other specimens ( NHMUK010595397 View Materials ; NHMUK010594931 View Materials ; NHMUK010595373 View Materials ), despite having paratype labels, are in fact paralectotypes.

MacLachlan mentions in the original description “I see no reason to doubt that all the examples before me belong to the same species. Mr. Hudson is also of that opinion. The forms above described represent extreme and intermediate conditions, which in all probability could be connected in a long series; but it seemed advisable to apply varietal names.” Added to this the author used the term “var.”, which express an infrasubspecific entity, according to article 45.6.4.

This variation is considered junior synonym of Euosmylus stellae ( McLachlan, 1899) , see Oswald (2020). The specimen was probably collected by Mr. George Vernon Hudson, friend of McLachlan. The specimen was part of the large McLachlan collection purchased from the nephew of Robert McLachlan in 1938.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Neuroptera

Family

Osmylidae

Loc

Kempyninae Carpenter, 1943: 757

Martins, Caleb Califre & Price, Benjamin W. 2020
2020
Loc

Kempyninae

Carpenter, F. M. 1943: 757
1943