Eremocosta gigasella ( Muma 1970 ), Muma, 1970

Cushing, Paula E., Channiago, Felix & Brookhart, Jack O., 2018, Revision of the camel spider genus Eremocosta Roewer and a description of the female Eremocosta gigas Roewer (Arachnida, Solifugae), Zootaxa 4402 (3), pp. 443-466: 457-458

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4402.3.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:50282593-0195-4899-980F-493E062B71B0

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CE2E66-5435-FFC7-FF0C-FBFAFCCE01D5

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Eremocosta gigasella ( Muma 1970 )
status

 

Eremocosta gigasella ( Muma 1970)  

Figs. 1E View FIGURE 1 , 2O –R View FIGURE 2 , 3E View FIGURE 3 , 4D View FIGURE 4 , 5F View FIGURE 5

Eremorhax gigas ( Roewer 1934)   : Muma 1951 (misidentification): 48, figs. 32–33. Eremorhax gigasella Muma 1970: 8   .

Eremopus gigasella ( Muma 1989)   : 5.

Eremocosta gigasella ( Muma 1970)   : Harvey 2002: 451.

Type material. Male holotype from Boquillas, Texas, USA, 7 June 1948, coll. C. and P. Vaurie ( AMNH). We were able to examine the type.  

Other specimens examined. Males (8). MÉXICO: Coahuila, Sierra San Marcos II, Cuatro Ciénegas, N 26.91326°, W 102.13757°, 761 m elev., no date, coll. E. González-S., B. Hendrixson, K. McWest, S. Grant , collected with UV. light ( IBUNAM +CNAN-Sol100007) GoogleMaps   ; MÉXICO   : Coahuila, Saltillo , 27 May 1967, coll. M. Oyervides, no other data ( IBUNAM +CNAN-Sol00204)   ; USA: New Mexico, Eddy County, Carlsbad , N 32.45°, W 104.30°, 1012 m elev., 10 June 1940, coll. E.S. Deevey, on tent ( DMNS ZA.17982) GoogleMaps   ; USA: Texas, Brewster County, Big Bend National Park, south of Camp De Leon turn-off, east side of Old Ore Rd. , N 29.245°, W 103.01167°, 696 m elev., 11 June –8 July 2011, coll. David Footle, pitfall trap (3 males: DMNS ZA.35465) GoogleMaps   ; USA: Texas, Brewster County, Big Bend National Park, east of Terlingua Abajo Village sign, N 29.1975°, W 103.60194°, 673 m elev., 11 June –8 July 2011, coll. David Footle, pitfall trap in sandy flood plain behind Acacia thicket (2 males: DMNS ZA.35475). GoogleMaps  

Females (7). MÉXICO: Coahuila, Sierra San Marcos II, Cuatro Ciénegas   , N 26.91326°, W 102.13757°, no date, coll. E. González-S., B. Hendrixson, K. McWest, S. Grant, collected with UV light; (2 females: IBUNAM +CNAN-Sol100007; USA: Texas, Brewster County, Big Bend National Park, south of Camp De Leon turn-off, east side of Old Ore Rd. , N 29.245°, W 103.01167°, 696 m elev., 11 June –8 July 2011, coll. David Footle, pitfall trap (3 females: DMNS ZA.35465) GoogleMaps   ; USA: Texas, Brewster County, Big Bend National Park, east of Terlingua Abajo Village sign, N 29.1975°, W 103.60194°, 673 m elev., 11 June –8 July 2011, coll. David Footle, pitfall trap in sandy flood plain behind Acacia thicket (2 females: DMNS ZA.35475). GoogleMaps  

Diagnosis. Eremocosta gigasella   is distinguished by the lack of a fondal notch on the male fixed finger ( Figs. 2O & P View FIGURE 2 ). All other species in the genus have a moderate fondal notch to distinct fondal notch. On the male fixed finger, the relatively flattened MM is also distinctive as well as the presence of an apparent MD or a tooth-like structure at the distal location of the movable finger (Fig. 20, arrow). The female genital operculum is similar to that of E. titania   ; however, the two species can be easily distinguished with the posterior part of arms of E. gigasella   more rounded and the inner edge slightly hooked (compare Figs. 4D & F View FIGURE 4 ).

Measurements. Males (n = 8). TL 28.0–42.0; CL 9.5–14.0; CH 4.0–6.0; FNL NA; FNH 0.5; FFH 1.0–1.3; PL 29.5–40.5; PT 1.7–4.0; PMT 5.4–9.0; PT 3.0–4.5; LI 20.0–28.0; LIV 33.0–43.0; PPL 35.0–43.0; A/CP 4.7–5.5; FNL/FNH NA; FFH/FNH NA; FFH/ CH 0.2–0.3.

Females (n = 7). TL 39.0–50.0; CL 10.7–16.0; CH 4.3–6.0; PL 29.0–35.0; PT 1.7–3.5; PMT 7.0–7.9; LI 20.5– 30.0; LIV 31.0–45.0; A/CP 4.6–5.0.

Description. Coloration. Male. Palpal tarsus, metatarsus faintly dusky violet-brown; LI, LII pale; LIII, LIV dusky violet-brown at the tibia-femur joint. Propeltidium mottled brownish violet anteriorly with a large pale yellow oval behind ocular tubercle, two smaller pale yellow ovals on either side of ocular tubercle ( Fig. 5F View FIGURE 5 ). Abdomen dark dorsally, greyish ventrally.

Chelicera. Male. VDC occupies approximately half the length of fixed finger; deep, with a thin carina on the interior extending half the length of the cavity ( Fig. 1E View FIGURE 1 , arrow). Fixed finger broad proximally, sinuate dorsally with no median dentition. Movable finger: large MP-2 MSM the proximal larger-MM a long ridge with notch in the middle; MD also a ridge; MPL distinct ( Figs. 2O & P View FIGURE 2 ). Fondal notch indistinct. Two distinct RFA in the notch and two tiny RFA on ventral edge of fixed finger; fondal teeth graded retrolaterally I & II (equal), III, tiny IV; prolaterally I, III, IV, tiny IV ( Fig. 3E View FIGURE 3 ).

Setation. Male. Apical setal complex flat and plumose. No ventral series. Inner medial setal complex plumose setae to the top of fondal notch; mpd extend to the front of MM. This is the only Eremocosta   that has a linear mpd as opposed to patchy configuration. Pedipalps with scattered long thin setae. No ctenidia. No palpal papillae. Scattered bacilli on anterior part of coxa of Leg 3.

Coloration. Female. Basically cream-yellow, legs similar but a bit darker. Palp dusky on tarsus and metatarsus, LIV light violet-brown at tibia-femur joint; propeltidium blotchy violet-brown, darker on anterior edge, creamy oval behind ocular tubercle and smaller ovals on either side. Abdomen with typical dark, violet brown rectangles on each segment that give the appearance of a stripe; ventral grey-cream.

Chelicera. Female. Fixed finger: FP-2 FSM-FM-FSD-FD. Movable finger: MP-2 MSM –MM; large MPL ( Figs. 2Q & R View FIGURE 2 ). One large RFA; fondal teeth I, III, II, IV ( III almost the same size as I) retrolaterally and prolaterally.

Setation. Female. Inner row of plumose bristle typical, extend from FD on fixed finger to MD on movable finger. A row of thick bacilli on anterior edge of LIII coxa and a row of smaller bacilli on edge LIV coxa.

Genital Operculum. Genital operculum club shaped with slender anterior arms, posterior rounded with inner edge slightly hooked posteriorly. No visible pits laterally. Genital operculum not as in fig. 31 in Muma (1951). More like E. titania   fig. 38 in Muma (1951) but with wider, shorter anterior arms and larger more rounded club shape posteriorly ( Fig. 4D View FIGURE 4 ).

Distribution. USA: New Mexico, Texas and México. Biome: Chihuahuan Desert.

Discussion. This species was described by Muma (1951) as E. gigas   . This species is a Chihuahuan Desert inhabitant extending from New Mexico ( Brookhart & Brantley 2000) into the Big Bend region of Texas and south into the Mexican states of Chihuahua, and Coahuila. The collection of this species by David Footle (personal comm.) from 20 pitfall arrays in Big Bend National Park resulted in 24 males, 24 females from April to August. They were collected in 5 of the 20 arrays set up by the collector in the park. Brookhart & Brantley (2000) identified this species as far north and west as Socorro, New Mexico, USA.

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

IBUNAM

Instituto de BiIolog�a, Universidad Nacional Aut�noma de M�xico

DMNS

Denver Museum of Nature and Science

LIV

World Museum Liverpool

PPL

Agricultural Development and Advisory Service

MSM

Marine Science Museum, Tokai Univ.

MPL

Musee de Port Louis

RFA

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Solifugae

Family

Eremobatidae

Genus

Eremocosta

Loc

Eremocosta gigasella ( Muma 1970 )

Cushing, Paula E., Channiago, Felix & Brookhart, Jack O. 2018
2018
Loc

Eremorhax gigas (

Muma 1970 : 8
Loc

Eremocosta gigasella (

Harvey 2002 : 451