Draculoides anachoretus ( Harvey, Berry, Edward and Humphreys, 2008 )

Abrams, Kym M., Huey, Joel A., Hillyer, Mia J., Didham, Raphael K. & Harvey, Mark S., 2020, A systematic revision of Draculoides (Schizomida: Hubbardiidae) of the Pilbara, Western Australia, Part I: the Western Pilbara, Zootaxa 4864 (1), pp. 1-75 : 29-31

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4864.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A5F51A7F-83DA-4C77-A85C-0FCF8A400CF2

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4417309

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CE87D9-FF9A-FFCD-CC8B-0487FDB6F97D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Draculoides anachoretus ( Harvey, Berry, Edward and Humphreys, 2008 )
status

 

Draculoides anachoretus ( Harvey, Berry, Edward and Humphreys, 2008)  

( Figs. 1–8 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 View FIGURE 7 View FIGURE 8 , 11–12 View FIGURE 11 View FIGURE 12 )

http://zoobank.org/NomenclaturalActs/ 31C4EBC2-7446-47CA-A4C8-DFDFC3F780CC

Paradraculoides anachoretus Harvey, Berry, Edward and Humphreys 2008:185–187   , figs. 32–35.

Draculoides anachoretus (Harvey, Berry, Edward and Humphreys)   : Abrams et al. 2019 MPE 106532: 8, fig. 2.

Material examined. Holotype female. AUSTRALIA: Western Australia: Mesa A (Borehole 2497), 45.2 km W. of Pannawonica , 21°40’11”S, 115°53’13”E, M. Greenham, D. Kamien and L. Mould ( WAM T 63327 View Materials ) (DNA: COI). GoogleMaps  

Paratypes. AUSTRALIA: Western Australia: All from Mesa A   : 1 ♀, Borehole 2501, 44.5 km W of Panna- wonica, 21°39’5”S, 115°53’36”E, March–May 2005, M. Greenham, D. Kamien and L. Mould ( WAM T 63331 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Borehole 2501, 44.5 km W of Pannawonica, 21°39’57”S, 115°53’36”E, 21 December 2004, G. Humphreys, M. Greenham ( WAM T 63311 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Borehole 3073, 21°40′43″S, 115°52′23″E, 25 July–8 September 2005, G. Hum- phreys et al. ( WAM T 66235 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Other material. AUSTRALIA: Western Australia: 1 ♂, Mesa A, 15 km SW. of Pannawonica , 21°39’44”S, 115°53’20”E, 29 June 2016, S. Lange ( MWH Global LN5816 ) ( WAM T140985 ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Mesa A, 44.7 km W. of Pan- nawonica, 21°39’24”S, 115°53’35”E, 7 October 2010, S. Lange (Biota Environmental Sciences MEARC4284 P1 T3 ) ( WAM T110813 ) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Mesa A, 43.45 km W. of Pannawonica , 21°39’25”S, 115°54’19”E, 22 May–19 July 2012, J. Alexander (Biota Environmental Sciences MEARC4291-0712 - T1-1 ) ( WAM T127076 ) GoogleMaps   ; see Abrams et al. (2019).

Diagnosis. The shape of the male flagellum of Draculoides anachoretus   most closely resembles D. affinis   , D. bythius   , D. cochranus   , D. eremius   , D. gnophicola   , D. kryptus   , D. mckechnieorum   and D. warramboo   , especially in the presence of a broad base. It differs from D. affinis   , D. bythius   , D. eremius   , D. gnophicola   , D. kryptus   and D. mckechnieorum   in the anterior position of dm4, well set back from the posterior margin (in line with dl 3 in D. bythius   , D. gnophicola   , D. eremius   and D. kryptus   , slightly anterior to dl3 and close to posterior margin in D. affinis   and D. mckechnieorum   ). It differs from D. cochranus   by the posterior position of dm 4 in relation to dl1 (dm4 is level with dl 1 in D. cochranus   ) and from D. warramboo   in the anterior position of vm 5 in relation to dl1 (vm 5 in line with dl 1 in D. warramboo   ). Females are most similar to D. immortalis   but differ in the position of dm1 of the flagellum, which is slightly anterior to the annulus separating flagellomeres II and III in D. anachoretus   and very close to the annulus in D. immortalis   . Draculoides anachoretus   can be diagnosed from all other Draculoides   species that were sequenced at COI and 12S by the 50bp mini-barcodes shown in Figs. 3 View FIGURE 3 and 5 View FIGURE 5 . Draculoides anachoretus   can be diagnosed from all other Draculoides   species that were sequenced at ITS2 ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 ) except for D. bythius   , D. eremius   , D. gnophicola   , D. kryptus   , D. mckechnieorum   , D. warramboo   , D. immortalis   , D. belalugosii   , D. christopherleei   , D. piscivultus   and D. akashae   , which are not distinguishable using the ITS2 mini-barcode.

Description. Adult male (WAM T140985).

Colour. Yellow-brown; propeltidium and pedipalps somewhat darker.

Cephalothorax. Propeltidium with 2+1 apical setae in a triangular formation on anterior process and 2 + 1 + 2 setae; eye spots absent. Mesopeltidia separated. Metapeltidium divided. Anterior sternum with 15 setae (including 2 sternapophysial setae); posterior sternum triangular with 7 setae.

Chelicera. Fixed finger with 2 large teeth plus 5 smaller teeth between these, including 1 tiny lateral tooth on proximal tooth; membranous area between fixed and movable fingers with 3 large, lanceolate, terminally pilose setae (G1); G2 composed of 8 setae; G3 composed of 4 setae; internal face of chelicera with 5 short whip-like setae (G4); brush at base of fixed finger composed of 7 setae (G5A), each densely pilose in distal half and G5B composed of 10 setae; G6 with one seta; G7 composed of 3 setae. Movable finger serrula composed of 17 long lamellae, blunt guard tooth present subdistally; 1 large accessory tooth present.

Pedipalp. Without apophyses; trochanter with sharply produced ventro-distal extension, ventral margin with ca. 8 stout setae, without mesal spur; tarsus and tibia without spines; tarsal spur present; claw 0.30 × length of tarsus.

Legs. Tarsus I with 6 segments; baso-dorsal margin of femur IV produced at about a 90° angle.

Abdomen. Chaetotaxy of tergites I: 2 macrosetae + 4 microsetae (microsetae diagonal), tergite II: 3 macrosetae + 6 microsetae (microsetae in column), tergites III–IX: 2: 2: 2: 2: 2: 3, segment XII with small dorsal process (♂ only).

Flagellum. Male: Dorsoventrally compressed ( Figs. 11 View FIGURE 11 D–F, 12A–C); 2.08 × longer than broad; seta dm1 situated dorso-medially, closer to anterior margin; seta dm4 set back from posterior margin, anterior to dl3; dl1posterior to vl1; dl3 close to posterior margin; vm2 uneven, one anterior to vm1 and one posterior to vm1; vm5 situated closer to vl2 than to vm3; left vm3 slightly anterior to right vm3; five pairs of microsetae between vl1 and dl3.

Dimensions (mm). Male (WAM T140985): Body length 4.04. Propeltidium 1.19/0.65. Chelicera 0.73. Flagellum 0.45/0.22. Pedipalp: trochanter 0.38, femur 0.58, patella 0.60, tibia 0.42, tarsus 0.29, claw 0.09.

Variation. Body length (males) 3.13–4.04 (n = 3).

Remarks. Harvey et al. (2008) named this species from several females and juveniles collected from Mesa A in the Robe Valley, Western Australia ( Fig. 1A View FIGURE 1 ). Additional specimens, including three males that are described here, have since been collected from Mesa A.

WAM

Western Australian Museum

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

COI

University of Coimbra Botany Department

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Schizomida

Family

Hubbardiidae

Genus

Draculoides

Loc

Draculoides anachoretus ( Harvey, Berry, Edward and Humphreys, 2008 )

Abrams, Kym M., Huey, Joel A., Hillyer, Mia J., Didham, Raphael K. & Harvey, Mark S. 2020
2020
Loc

Paradraculoides anachoretus

Harvey, Berry, Edward and Humphreys 2008: 185 - 187
2008