Zodarion costapratae, Pekár, Stano, Cardoso, Pedro, Barriga, Javier C. & Carvalho, José C., 2011

Pekár, Stano, Cardoso, Pedro, Barriga, Javier C. & Carvalho, José C., 2011, Update to the zodariid spider fauna of the Iberian Peninsula and Madeira (Araneae: Zodariidae), Zootaxa 2814, pp. 19-32: 24

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.277157

persistent identifier


treatment provided by


scientific name

Zodarion costapratae

sp. n.

Zodarion costapratae   sp. n. Pekár

Figs 7–10 View FIGURES 7 – 10

Z. costablancae: Crespo (2008)   : 405, fig. 6 A –C; Crespo et al. (2009): 312 (misidentification) Z. atlanticum: Pekár & Cardoso (2005)   : 54 (misidentification, in part)

Type material. Male holotype, female paratype. PORTUGAL. Coimbra district: Coimbra, botanical garden, 2005, L. Crespo leg. ( SMF).

Etymology. The name is a noun in apposition and is derived form the area where it occurs, Costa da Prata.

Diagnosis. This species belongs to the rubidum group. It is closely related to Z. costablancae   but differs in the overall dark brown colour and smaller size. Males can further be distinguished by the wider tibial apophysis. Females are distinguished the by shorter plate of the epigyne.

Description. Male. Total length 2.2–2.6 mm; prosoma 1.0–1.5 mm long, 0.7–1.0 mm wide. Colour. Carapace dark brown, femora dark brown, other leg segments yellow, sternum dark brown, coxae light brown, abdomen dorsally dark brown, ventrally pale, laterally pale, palpi dark brown. Palp. Tibial apophysis broad, slightly curved and bluntly pointed terminaly with a process on retrolateral side ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 7 – 10 ). Median apophysis short and U-shaped. Embolus broad terminally oblique ( Fig. 8 View FIGURES 7 – 10 ).

Female. Total length 2.7–3.7 mm; prosoma 1.2–1.7 mm long, 0.7–1.1 mm wide. Further as in male. Epigyne: Median plate 1.9 x wider than long, with paired openings separated by a septum. Anteriorly with a wedge-like structure ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 7 – 10 ). Vulva with separated small round receptacula

and irregular ducts as in Fig. 10 View FIGURES 7 – 10 .

Remark. Re-examination of the material from Pekár & Cardoso (2005) revealed two individuals of this species previously assigned incorrectly to Z. atlanticum   .

Other material. PORTUGAL. Coimbra district: Coimbra, botanical garden, 2005, 213 + 4 Ƥ+ 3 j, L. Crespo leg. (CSP); 31 May 2008, 33, L. Crespo leg. (CSP); Leirosa, 4 July 2009, 13+ 13 Ƥ+ 2 j, J.C. Carvalho leg. (CSP); Bairro, 18 June 2002, 23, P. Cardoso leg. (CSP).

Distribution. Known from few places along the central and northern coast of Portugal ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 19 – 26 ).


Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg














Zodarion costapratae

Pekár, Stano, Cardoso, Pedro, Barriga, Javier C. & Carvalho, José C. 2011

Z. costablancae:

Pekar 2005: 54