Scleronephthya pustulosa Wright & Studer, 1889

Lam, Katherine & Morton, Brian, 2008, Soft corals, sea fans, gorgonians (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) and black and wire corals (Ceriantipatharia: Antipatharia) from submarine caves in Hong Kong with a checklist of local species and a description of a new species of Paraminabea, Journal of Natural History 42 (9 - 12), pp. 749-780: 751-752

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222930701862708

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D0879E-5C34-2365-90C2-3920FD84FBE1

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Scleronephthya pustulosa Wright & Studer, 1889
status

 

Scleronephthya pustulosa Wright & Studer, 1889  

( Figure 1A View Figure 1 )

Scleronephthya pustulosa Wright & Studer, 1889:229   , pl. XXXVIA, figs. 2a, 2c Scleronephthya pustulosa Thomson & Dean, 1931:180–181   ; Roxas 1933:407; Utinomi 1960:32, figs. 2–3; Li 1986:22, pl. IV, figs. 1–6, 15

Description

The orange, upright colony arises from a main stem with a slightly expanded base and from which short, irregular branches grow at acute angles. Both the main stem and branches divide into two or three secondary branches. The surfaces of the stem and branches are granular. Twig terminals are covered thickly by clusters of roundheaded polyps which project at right angles from their supports. The anthocodial armature consists of 8 points, each with 2–3 pairs of large bow sclerites en chevron. Tentacles and the whole surface of the polyps, stem and branches are covered with small sclerites between 0.08–1 mm in length and thus confer on them a granular appearance. Large straight or curved warty sclerites, 1.2 mm long, occur in the cortex and canal walls. Sclerites are colourless in water.

Type locality

Philippine Islands, 18 fathoms (, 36 m)   .

Distribution

Hong Kong, Malaysia, Indonesia, The Philippines, Japan.

Remarks

Four specimens were collected from Conic Island Cave. Sizes were 60 mm × 20 mm, 50 mm × 50 mm and 60 mm × 50 mm (×2).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Alcyonacea

Family

Nephtheidae

Genus

Scleronephthya

Loc

Scleronephthya pustulosa Wright & Studer, 1889

Lam, Katherine & Morton, Brian 2008
2008
Loc

Scleronephthya pustulosa

Thomson & Dean 1931: 180 - 181
1931
Loc

Scleronephthya pustulosa

Wright & Studer 1889: 229
1889