Dendronephthya gigantea ( Verrill, 1864 )

Lam, Katherine & Morton, Brian, 2008, Soft corals, sea fans, gorgonians (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) and black and wire corals (Ceriantipatharia: Antipatharia) from submarine caves in Hong Kong with a checklist of local species and a description of a new species of Paraminabea, Journal of Natural History 42 (9 - 12), pp. 749-780: 753

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222930701862708

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D0879E-5C36-2366-9090-3F8AFE3DFB05

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Dendronephthya gigantea ( Verrill, 1864 )
status

 

Dendronephthya gigantea ( Verrill, 1864)  

( Figure 1C, D View Figure 1 )

Spongodes gigantea Verrill, 1864:40  

Spongodes gigantea Verrill, 1865a:192  

Spongodes gigantea Tixier-Durivault & Prevorsek, 1959:63–68   ; Tixier-Durivault, 1970:228–229.

Dendronephthya (Dendronephthya) gigantea Kükenthal, 1905:549  

Dendronephthya gigantea Thomson & Mackinnon, 1910:184   ; Thomson & Dean 1931:105–107, pl. XIX, fig. 8–9, pl. XXVIII, fig. 3; Roxas 1933:435–436; Verseveldt 1974:96; Imahara, 1991:77

Description

The white colony arises from a few thick, principal branches that divide into short, glomerate branchlets and, in turn, numerous clusters of polyps. Polyps are arranged densely in characteristically hemispherical masses. Polyp stalks are short,, 1mm, and armed with long, white sclerite bundles. Point spicules very variable, 1–6 pairs, no pseudo-crown, grade III ( Thomson and Dean 1931, p. 103). Tentacle bases are supported by many long, slender sclerites. These tentacle sclerites are deep red or light pink and thus provide the colour of the polyp clusters. Sclerites in the upper cortex are large,, 4 mm, covered with blunt warts and lie transversely. Those in the lower cortex and canal walls have stouter and shorter spindles, triradiates and multiradiates.

Type locality

‘‘ Hong Kong, China, on rocks in 1 fathom’’.

Distribution

Hong Kong, Japan, The Philippines, Malay Archipelago, Amirante, Indian Ocean and New Caledonia. Up to 85 fathoms (, 170 m).

Remarks

Two specimens were collected from Conic Island Cave. Sizes were 150 mm × 160 mm and 70 mm × 60 mm.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Alcyonacea

Family

Nephtheidae

Genus

Dendronephthya

Loc

Dendronephthya gigantea ( Verrill, 1864 )

Lam, Katherine & Morton, Brian 2008
2008
Loc

Spongodes gigantea

Tixier-Durivault & Prevorsek 1959: 63 - 68
1959
Loc

Dendronephthya gigantea

Thomson & Mackinnon 1910: 184
1910
Loc

Dendronephthya (Dendronephthya) gigantea Kükenthal, 1905:549

Kukenthal 1905: 549
1905
Loc

Spongodes gigantea

Verrill 1865: 192
1865
Loc

Spongodes gigantea

Verrill 1864: 40
1864