Mystaria rufolimbata Simon, 1895

Honiball Lewis, Allet S. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, Ansie S., 2014, Revision of the spider genus Mystaria Simon, 1895 (Araneae: Thomisidae) and the description of a new genus from the Afrotropical region, Zootaxa 3873 (2), pp. 101-144: 126-127

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3873.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:AC318953-2804-4BBB-B885-27A8F1DB1EAB

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5123012

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D1BD0C-FFBA-9454-FF34-EA8CE4DDEE33

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Mystaria rufolimbata Simon, 1895
status

 

Mystaria rufolimbata Simon, 1895  

Figs 1 View FIGURES 1–5 , 31, 32 View FIGURES 25–42 , 71–74 View FIGURES 69–82 , 91–94 View FIGURES 91–102 , 103–106 View FIGURES 103–114 , 123 View FIGURES 123–126

Mystaria rufolimbata Simon 1895: 989   ; Jézéquel 1964: 1111, fig. 9 (descr. ♀).

Type material: Lectotype (by present designation): ♀, SIERRA LEONE (MNHN)   . Syntype series (designated by Simon 1895) from MNHN is examined. One female is elected as a new lectotype from the syntype series.

Paralectotypes: 1 ♀, same data as lectotype (MNHN)   .

Other material examined. CAMEROON: Centre Region, 1 ♂, Yaonde [03°52’N, 11°30’E] ( SMF10916 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . COTE D’IVOIRE: Moyen-Cavally Region, 1 ♀, Park National de Tai , 15 km ESE of Tai [05°52’N, 07°27’W], alt 170 m, collected from branches of trees in primary rainforest, 5 January 1989, A.J. de Winter (MRAC 174.331) GoogleMaps   . DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC): Bandundu Region, 1 juvenile, Kasonga , Maniema [04°27’S, 26°40’E], 24 August 1959, P.L.G. Benoit (MRAC 114.963) GoogleMaps   . Equateur Region, 1 ♀, Tshuapa, Etata [00°40’S, 19°22’E], 5 June 1971, J. Hauwaert (MRAC 140.398) GoogleMaps   . Nord-Kivu Region, 1 ♀, 39 km S of Walikale [01°24’S, 28°03’E], 25 July 1957, E.S. Ross & R.E. Leech (CAS) GoogleMaps   . Orientale Region, 1 ♀, Costermansville [02°29’S, 28°51’E], March 1934, H.J. Bredo (MRAC 21427). GoogleMaps   Sud-Kivu Region, 1 ♀, Ibanda [02°13’S, 28°55’E], 1952, M. Vandelannoite (MRAC 78438). GoogleMaps   GABON: Estuaire Region, 2 ♀, 10 km N of Kinguélé [00°29’N, 10°20’E] GoogleMaps   , 6 April 1986, A. Pauly (MRAC 173.085, 173.084); 1 ♀, Kougouleu [00°22’N, 09°55’E] GoogleMaps   , 12 April 1985, A. Pauly (MRAC 168.767); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, between Atogafina and Kingaélé [00°29’N, 10°20’E] GoogleMaps   , 23 March 1986, A. Pauly (MRAC 172.896). MOZAMBIQUE: Sofala Province, 1 ♀, Maputo, 16 km S of Villa Franca, Marnbone [21°11’S, 34°51’E] GoogleMaps   , 29 June 1971 – 3 July 1971, F. Farquharson (NCA 2009/4612). SOUTH AFRICA: KwaZulu-Natal Province, 1 ♀, Hellsgate [28°07’S, 32°18’E], tsetse fly survey GoogleMaps   , 3 May 2004, J. Esterhuizen (NCA 2006/ 1332); 1 ♀, Oribi Gorge , 21 km W of Port Shepstone [30°45’S, 30°20’E], alt 200–350 m GoogleMaps   , 27 November 1983, C.E. Griswold (NM); 1 ♂, Ndumo Game Reserve [26°54’S, 32°15’E], fever tree forest GoogleMaps   , 21 June 2006, A.S. Honiball (NCA 2006/1331). North West Province, 1 ♂, Buffelspoort dam [25°12’S, 27°16’E] GoogleMaps   , July 1988, L. Prendini (NCA 91/579).

Diagnosis. Female abdomen dark with two spots postero-laterally ( Fig. 31 View FIGURES 25–42 ) or with border encircling the abdomen; males uniform copper-red or black ( Fig. 32 View FIGURES 25–42 ). Carapace with dense short setae; atleast two long posterolateral setae on thoracic edge, laterally or near clypeal region more distinct than in M. flavogutatta   . Epigyne with bell-shaped atrium ( Fig. 73 View FIGURES 69–82 ). Male palp with RTA tip sharply pointed, directed anteriorly, situated close to bulb and tutaculum ( Figs 71, 72 View FIGURES 69–82 ).

Re-description. Female. Size, measurements (n = 7). TL: 4.28 (3.10–5.24); CL: 1.16 (1.39–1.95); CW: 1.54 (1.22–1.86); CI: 1.08 (1.05–1.14); CH: 1.08 (0.86–1.2); CLL: 0.29 (0.23–0.35); MOQ-L: 0.31 (0.24–0.46). Colour. Carapace dark reddish-brown to almost blackish-brown; legs yellow to orange, femora I–II may be dark brown, metatarsi and tarsi IV with a reddish shade. Carapace. Slightly wider than long, texture varies from smooth to granular studded with small holes; dense, flat lying setae. Chelicerae. As in Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1–5 . Sternum. SL: 0.70; SW: 0.72; SI: 0.97. Eyes. Eye measurements: AME–AME: 0.31; ALE–AME: 0.41; AME–AME/AME–ALE: 0.77; PME–PME: 0.44; PLE–PME: 0.37; PME–PME/PME–PLE: 1.19; ALE/AME: 1.30; PLE/PME: 0.84; MOQ-AW/ MOQ-PW: 0.71; MOQ-L/MOQ-W: 0.45; Clyp/AME–AME: 0.93. Legs. Legs I–II almost twice the length of legs III–IV; tarsal claws with long teeth, as in Figs 91–94 View FIGURES 91–102 ; leg formula: II:I:IV:III; leg measurements: leg I—Fe 1.00, Pat 0.45, Tib 0.85, Mt 0.74, Ta 0.54, total 3.58; II—Fe 1.34, Pat 0.44, Tib 1.01, Mt 0.88, Ta 0.50, total 4.17; III—Fe 0.87, Pat 0.35, Tib 0.59, Mt 0.53, Ta 0.36, total 2.71; IV—Fe 0.93, Pat 0.32, Tib 0.63, Mt 0.55, Ta 0.35, total 2.76. Abdomen. AL: 2.62; AW: 2.16; AI: 1.28. Epigyne. See Fig. 73 View FIGURES 69–82 ; intromittent orifices open laterally of atrium; intromittent canals extended antero-laterally ( Fig. 74 View FIGURES 69–82 ).

Male. Size, measurements (n = 4). TL: 2.60 (2.09–2.91); CL: 1.12 (0.87–1.29); CW: 1.04 (0.84–1.18); CI: 1.07 (1.05–1.10); CH: 0.76 (0.61–0.94); CLL: 0.21 (0.17–0.24); MOQ-L: 0.24 (0.19–0.26). Similar to female but smaller in size and differs as follows: Colour. Body uniform copper-brown, black or brown ( Fig. 32 View FIGURES 25–42 ). Carapace. Longer than wide, with two long, erectile setae on postero-thoracic edge. Sternum. As wide as long; SL: 0.49; SW: 0.49; SI: 1. Eye s. Eye measurements: AME–AME: 0.22; ALE–AME: 1.27; AME–AME/AME–ALE: 0.82; PME–PME: 0.31; PLE–PME: 0.26; PME–PME/PME–PLE: 1.21; ALE/AME: 1.22; PLE/PME: 0.83; MOQ-AW/ MOQ-PW: 0.72; MOQ-L/MOQ-W: 0.34; Clyp/AME–AME: 0.94. Legs. tarsal claws as in Figs 103–106 View FIGURES 103–114 ; leg formula: II:I:IV:III; leg measurements: leg I—Fe 0.89, Pat 0.41, Tib 0.84, Mt 0.72, Ta 0.57, total 3.44; II—Fe 1.06, Pat 0.32, Tib 0.95, Mt 0.74, Ta 0.39, total 3.46; III—Fe 0.66, Pat 0.23, Tib 0.50, Mt 0.39, Ta 0.31, total 2.10; IV– Fe 0.68, Pat 0.25, Tib 0.54, Mt 0.44, Ta 0.33, total 2.23. Abdomen. Fairly round; AL: 1.47; AW: 1.29; AI: 1.14. Palp. Embolus long, coiling around bulb at least twice; RTA short, delicate with tip very slender ( Fig. 71 View FIGURES 69–82 ), RTA slightly longer than VTA; VTA long, flattened ( Fig. 72 View FIGURES 69–82 ).

Natural history. Collected from vegetation, more specifically records from rainforests and Acacia xanthophloea   forests. Sampled material suggests adults to occur from November to July and juveniles emerge during August.

Distribution. Sierra Leone. New records: Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo ( DRC), Gabon, Mozambique and South Africa ( Fig. 123 View FIGURES 123–126 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Thomisidae

Genus

Mystaria

Loc

Mystaria rufolimbata Simon, 1895

Honiball Lewis, Allet S. & Dippenaar-Schoeman, Ansie S. 2014
2014
Loc

Mystaria rufolimbata

Jezequel, J. F. 1964: 1111
Simon, E. 1895: 989
1895