Curtonotum abrelatas Lindsay,

Lindsay, Kate G., Klymko, John & Marshall, Stephen A., 2019, Revision of the Central American and Mexican species of the Curtonotum murinum species complex (Diptera: Curtonotidae), Zootaxa 4651 (3), pp. 531-554: 539-543

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4651.3.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4F0F61FD-8DC0-4FD3-B28D-2FD697F75B6D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D387DB-FFD2-FFAB-FF44-8737FD6F94E3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Curtonotum abrelatas Lindsay
status

sp. nov.

Curtonotum abrelatas Lindsay  , sp. nov.

Figures 10View FIGURES 10–13 –23

Differential diagnosis. Distinguished from congeners by the patch of well-defined setulae (more than 4) below the prominent postpronotal setae ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 10–13), relatively tall gena (height 1/2 to 3/4 postpedicel width) and the postpedicel, which is twice the length of the pedicel. Males have a 5 th sternite with specialized chaetotaxy ( Fig. 18View FIGURES 14–19). The male cercus and surstylus are stout and the distiphallus has two lobes: one strongly hooked and one flattened, with an apical claw-like projection and distal spinules. The female cercus is upturned and has very short blunt setae. The spermatheca is oval with protrusions and an indentation. The ventral receptacle is bent.

Description. Male: Overall length (excluding wings): 4.9–7.1 mm.

Head: Vibrissa 1.0–1.5 times as long as subvibrissae. Parafacial thin, gena approximately 1/2 to 3/4 width of postpedicel. Postpedicel twice length of pedicel. Arista usually with 7–8, but sometimes up to 11, dorsal branches and 4–5 ventral branches.

Thorax: Scutum with faint grey dorsal markings. Postpronotal lobe with 3 setae (1 long, 2 smaller and sub- equal) dorsal to patch or row of well-defined setulae. Line of setulae above fore coxa black anteroventrally, white posterodorsally.

Legs: Hind femur with thick, dark brown preapical band.

Wing: Membrane light grey, with dark infuscation around crossvein dm–m and at anterior margin.

Abdomen: Tergite 2 with 2 posterolateral markings covering 1/3 to almost 1/2 tergal length. Tergites 3–5 with a dark median vitta and distinct lateral triangles. Band on posterior margin of tergites 3–5 moderate, covering 1/6 to 1/4 of tergite 3. Male sternite 5 with patch of closely apposed stout setae posteriorly.

Male terminalia: Cercus stout, 1/2 length of epandrium at widest point. Surstylus wide, with shallow dorsal groove. Postgonite bluntly hooked and upturned. Hypandrium with dorsobasal projection. Phallapodeme wide, equal in length to epandrium. Left lobe of distiphallus wide, sclerotized dorsally, membranous ventrally, with claw- like apical projection, distal edge with spinules. Right lobe of distiphallus strongly hooked with posterior membra- nous outgrowth.

F IGURES 20–23. Curtonotum abrelatas  sp. nov.. 20. Female ovipositor, left lateral view. 21. Same, ventral view. 22. Sper- matheca, lateral view. 23. Ventral receptacle, lateral view.

Female: Terminalia: Cercus slightly upturned, covered with short, blunt setae dorsally, and sparse microtrichosity ventrally. Sternite 10 Y-shaped anteriorly, reaching midpoint of cercus. Sternite 8 rounded, sclerotized with some thin setulae. Spermatheca oval with protrusions and anterior indentation. Ventral receptacle sharply recurved.

Etymology. From the Spanish “abrelatas”, meaning can opener, a reference to the species’ distiphallus, which resembles an old-fashioned can opener.

Comment. Although the female of C. abrelatas  sp. nov. is described here, only males should be used to identify the species, due to a lack of distinct characters in the female terminalia.

Type material. Holotype: ♂: COSTA RICA. Limon: Hitoy–Cerere, Reserva Biológica Hitoy–Cerere , 200 m, [17°37’11.03”N, 92°58’22.588”W], XII.1990, G. Carballo, L-N-184200, 643300 ( MNCR)GoogleMaps  . Paratypes: COS- TA RICA. Limon  : ♂, R.B. Hitoy–Cerere, sendero ala catarata, 120 m, 31.VII.2003, E. Rojas, L_N_184176_ 613226#74553; ♂, Estacion Hitoy–Cerere, R. Cerere, Reserva Biológica Hitoy–Cerere , 100 m, IX.1991, F.A. Quesada. L_N_184200, 643300  ; ♂, R.B. Hitoy–Cerere, Estacion Hitoy–Cerere , 100 m, 22.IV.2003, E. Rojas, B. Gamboa, W. Arana, L_N_184120_643471#73603. Puntarenas  : ♂, Golfito, P. N. Corcovado, Salida de la Estacion A Rio Rincon , 75 m, 17.X.2002, K. Caballero, L_S_ 281050 _516800#71797  ; ♂, Golfito, P.N. Corcovado, Estacion Los Patos, sendero Patos , 200 m, 13.III.2000, K. Caballero  ; ♂, Golfito, P.N. Corcovado, Salida de la Estacion a Rio Rincon , 75 m, 17.X.2002, K. Caballero, L_S_ 281050 _516800#71797  ; 2♂, Estacion Rio Bonito, 2.3 km al O. del Cerro la Gamba , 110 m, 17–21.III.1997, E. Fletes, L_S_293900_547075#45597  ; ♂, Golfito, P.N. Corcovado, Estacion Los Patos, sendero Patos , 200 m, 13.III.2000, K. Caballero  ; ♂, Rio Corcovado , 30 m, 25.V.1995, E. Fletes, L_S_ 280900 _506300#5987  ; ♂, Albergue de Oro , 270 m, 5–14.V.1995, A.M. Maroto, L_N_280000_518500#5436  ; ♂, Golfito, P.N. Corcovado, Estacion Los Patos, sendero Patos , S. Mirodor, Cruce R. Termo. 140 m, 23.I.2001, K. Caballero, L_S_516975_279950#61858  ; 2♂, Estacion Rio Bonito, sendero Rio Bonito, 1.4 km, O. del Cerro Gamba , 120 m, 12.III.1996, E. Fletes, L_S_294500_548000#8306 (all MNCR)  . VENEZUELA. Carabobo: ♂, Valle Seco , I.1940, P. Anduze ( USNM)  .

Other material examined. COSTA RICA. Guanacaste: ♀, 14 km S. Canas, 20–24.III.1989, F.D. Parker  . Heredia: ♀, La Selva (trap in garden), I.1993, P. Hanson  . Limon: 2♂, Estacion Hitoy–Cerere, Reserva Biológica Hitoy - Cerere, Rio Cerere , 200 m, XII.1990, G. Carballo, L_N_184200_643300  ; 3♀, Estacion Hitoy–Cerere, Hi- toy–Cerere, Rio Cerere , 200 m, XII.1990, G. Carballo. L_N_184200, 643300  ; ♂, Estacion Hitoy–Cerere, 100 m, R. Cerere, Reserva Biológica Hitoy–Cerere. VIII.1991, F.A. Quesada, L_N_184200,643300  ; ♀, Amubri , 70 km, 2– 31.I.1996, G. Gallardo, L_S_385000_578100#7509  ; ♀, Valle la Estrella , R.B. Hitoy–Cerere, 100 m, VII.1994, J.F. Quesada, L_S_398100_572800#3174  ; ♀, Estacion Hitoy–Cerere, R.B. Hitoy–Cerere , 100 m, 21.II.–12.III.1994, G. Carballo, L_N_634400_184600#2689  : ♂, Estacion Hitoy–Cerere, R. Cerere, Reserva Biológica Hitoy–Cerere , 100 m, 5–19.III.1992, G. Carballo, L_N_184200, 643400  ; ♀, Valle de la Estrellas, R.B. Hitoy–Cerere, Estacion Hitoy– Cerere , 200 m, 10.X.1998, M.A. Zumbado, L_N_184120_643470#56925  . Puntarenas: ♂, Albergue de Oro , 270m, 5–14.V.1995, A.M. Maroto, L_N_280000_518500#5436  ; ♂, Z. P. Las Tablas, Sitio Las Juntas , 1440 m, 13.I.2003, M. Alfaro, L_S_321900_593300#72738  ; ♂, estacion Aguias , sendero El Rio, 300 m, 6–12.I.1998, M. Lobo, L_S_ 276750_526550#49738  ; 5♀, Golfito, P.N. Corcovado, Estacion Los Patos, sendero Patos , 200 m, 13.III.2000, K. Caballero, L_S_516515_280068#59177  ; ♀, Golfito, P.N. Corcovado, Estacion Los Patos, Cruce Rio Cedral , 35 m, 19.I.2001. K. Caballero, L_S_513260_278600#61855  ; 4♀, Golfito, P.N. Corcovado, Salida de la Estacion A Rio Rincon , 75 m, 17.X.2002, K. Caballero, L_S_ 281050 _516800#71797  ; 2♀, Estacion Cerro de Oro, sendero La Tarde, 5.6 km NW del Cerro Rincon, Puntarenas , 200 m, 13–16.XII.1995. E. Fletes. L_S_279630_518430#7072  ; ♀, Esta- cion Rio Bonito, 2.3 km al O. del Cerro la Gamba , 110 m, 17–21.III.1997, E. Fletes, L_S_293900_547075#45597  ; ♀, Albergue Cerro de Oro , 150–170 m, 22.X–11.XI.1995, E. Fletes, L_S_279650_518450#7067  ; ♀, Albergue de Oro , 0 m, 14–19.III.1995, E. Alfaro, L_N_280000_518500#4598  ; ♀, Rio Rincon, Pen. Osa , 30 m, 27.XII.1993, M. Zumbado, L_S_519700_286000#2667 (all MNCR)  .

MNCR

Museo Nacional de Costa Rica

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Curtonotidae

Genus

Curtonotum