Salina bellinii,

Oliveira, Fábio G. L., Cipola, Nikolas G. & Almeida, Eduardo A. B., 2020, Systematics and biogeography of Salina MacGillivray (Collembola: Entomobryoidea), with emphasis on the species groups in the New World, Insect Systematics & Evolution 51, pp. 81-138: 104-111

publication ID 10.1163/1876312X-00002201

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Salina bellinii


Salina bellinii  sp.n. Oliveira & Cipola

Figures 9 BView Fig, 10BView Fig, 11BView Fig, 12BView Fig, 13BView Fig, 14A and DView Fig, 15BView Fig, 16BView Fig, 17View Fig C-D, 18B, 19E ZooBank: B4A5BAD7-4B35-474A-8080-775A42B2F5EE


Body with scarce blue pigmentation, usually on lateral; Ant I with 3–4 mac; cephalic groove only with ciliate chaetae; Th II–Abd I with 2–5, 5–9, 2–4 central mac, respectively; Abd III with 6 lateral mac (a7, am6, pm6, p6, p7i and one unnamed); Abd IV with 8 central mac (A3–5 absent) and 10 lateral mac; collophore with 7 anterior,

2 posterior and 10 lateral flap chaetae; trochanteral organ with 13 spine-like chaetae; manubrial plate with 2–3 chaetae.

Type material

Holotype ♂ on slide (COLLE 043/INPA): Brazil, Pará, Oriximiná municipality, Porto Trombetas district, “Platô Aviso”, 01°45’01”S, 56°30’30” W, Amazon forest , 180 m, 06-14.viii.2008, Malaise-trap, ML Oliveira & Y Antonine coll.GoogleMaps  Paratypes on slides (COLLE 043A-H/INPA): 2 ♂ and 7 ♀ and 13 specimens in alcohol, same data as holotypeGoogleMaps  .

Additional examined material

1 ♀ on slide and 1 specimen in alcohol (INPA): Brazil, Roraima, Caracaraí municipality, National Park “Serra da Mocidade”, 01°36’N; 61°54’W, Amazon forest , 600 m, 15-26.i.2016, Malaise-trap, FF Xavier, R Boldrini & P Barroso coll.GoogleMaps  1 juvenile on slide (INPA): idem, except yellow plate trapGoogleMaps  . 1 ♂ on slide (INPA): Pará, Alter do Chão municipality, “Porto Novo district”, 02°37’48”S, 54°58’54”W, Amazon forest , 14 m, 01-02.x.2012, Pitfall-trap, JMC Nascimento coll.GoogleMaps  1 ♀ on slide (INPA): Rurópolis municipality, waterfall of “Grin”, road BR-163, 04°05’40”S, 55°00’53”W, Amazon forest , 68 m, 05-06.xi.2012, Pitfall-trap, JMC Nascimento coll.GoogleMaps  2 ♂, 1 ♀ and 1 juvenile in the same slide and 3 specimens in alcohol (INPA): Belém municipality, urban area, 01°24’07”, 48°26’32”W, 14 m, 08-10.i.2013, Pitfall-trap, RS Sovano coll.  1 ♀ on slide (INPA): Salinópolis municipality, urban area, 00°37’28”S, 47°20’31”W, Amazon forest , 17 m, 28-30.xii.2012, Pitfall-trap, MBCS Graça coll.GoogleMaps  1 ♀ on slide (INPA): Rio Grande do Norte, Baía Formosa municipality, Private Reserve of Natural Patrimony (RPPN) “Mata Estrela”, 06°23’S, 35°00’W, 60 m, 11.xii.2012, Pitfall-trap, DD Silva coll.GoogleMaps  1 ♀ on slide (INPA): Paraíba, Sapé municipality, urban area, 07°06’18”S, 35°14’03”W, 106 m, 17.iii.2014, aspirator, DD Silva coll.GoogleMaps  1 ♀ on slide (INPA): Bananeiras municipality, State Ecological Reserve of “Goiamunduba”, 06°44’S, 35°36’W, 475 m, 18.iii.2014, beating tray, DD Silva coll.GoogleMaps 


Total length (head + trunk) of holotype 1.53 mm. Specimens pale white with dark blue pigments on Ant I–IV, strongly on anterior head, intersegmental areas of antenna and Th II to Abd III; and one longitudinal inner spot on all tibiotarsi. Eyepatches black ( Figure 9BView Fig).

Head. Ant I dorsally with 3–4 mac (one outer distal present or absent) and 5 basal spiny smooth mic ( Figure 10BView Fig). Posterior labial chaetotaxy series ‘CG’ with 6 ciliate chaetae ( CG 1-3, CG 5, CG 7–7e); series ‘PLM’ with 2 ciliate chaetae ( PLM 1–2); series ‘PLE’ with 2 ciliate chaetae ( PLE 1–2); lateral side with about 14 ciliate chaetae ( Figure 11BView Fig).

Dorsal chaetotaxy. Th II with 2–5 ‘p’ mac (p1–4), p1i, p2 and p4 present or absent. Th III with 5–9 ‘p’ mac (p1–5), p1i2, p2a, p3p and p4 present or absent ( Figure12BView Fig).Abd I with1‘a’ mac(a3)and2–3‘p’ mac(m3–5), a3 and m5 present or absent ( Figure 13BView Fig). Abd III with 1 ‘a’ mac (a7), 2 ‘m’ mac (am6, pm6), and 3 ‘p’ mac (p6, p7i and one unnamed) (similar to S. brasiliana  sp.n., Figure 14AView Fig). Abd IV with 2 ‘A’ mac (A1, A6); 1 ‘Ae’ mac (Ae1); 3 ‘B’ mac (B3–5); 1 ‘Be’ mac (Be1); 1 ‘C’ mac (C1); 4 ‘E’ mac (E1-4); 4 ‘F’ mac (F1–F3p); 2 ‘Fe’ mac (Fe1–3); posterior side with 3 sens type IV (ps and two unnamed) (similar to S. brasiliana  sp.n., Figure 14DView Fig). Abd V with 3 ‘a’ mac (a3, a5–6); 4–5 ‘m’ mac (m0, m2–3, m5–5a), m0 present or absent; and 3 ‘p’ mac (p1, p3–4) ( Figure 15BView Fig).

Appendages. Trochanteral organ with 13 smooth spine-like chaetae ( Fig 16BView Fig). Collophore anterior side with 2 subapical mac of unequal length and 1 median mes, and 4 proximal smooth mic; posterior side with 1 apical and 1 subapical smooth chaetae; lateral flap formula 2(s), 3(m), 5(i) smooth chaetae, 1 median and 3 inferior larger ( Figures 17View Fig C-D). Manubrial plate with 2–3 chaetae ( Figure 19CView Fig). Mucro with 3–4 teeth (d1, ap, v1-2), v2 teeth present or absent ( Figure 19EView Fig).


The species epithet honors our friend Dr. Bruno C. Bellini, Collembola  researcher from Brazil.


Salina bellinii  sp.n. resembles S. tristani Denis, 1931  and S. zhangi  by general morphology, including scarce pigmentation on Ant, trunk laterally and legs, dorsal chaetotaxy of Th II–Abd I with more than 2, 5, 2 central mac, respectively, and Abd IV with 8 central mac (see Denis 1931; Mari-Mutt 1987b; Soto-Adames 2010; Bellini & Cipola 2017). However, S. bellinii  sp.n. differs from these species by cephalic groove only with ciliate chaetae (2 serrated mic in S. zhangi  ), trochanteral organ with 13 spine-like chaetae (14 in S. tristani  and 17 in S. zhangi  ), and collophore with 7 anterior chaetae (2 mac unequal and 1 mes), 2 posterior chaetae and lateral flap with 10 chaetae. In Salina zhangi  has 9–10 anterior chaetae (2 mac unequal, without mes), 5–6 posterior chaetae and lateral flap with 14 chaetae, while S. tristani  4–5 posterior chaetae.

The dorsal chaetotaxy of S. bellinii  sp.n. differs by absence of m1, p1p, p5 on Th II, p1p and p2p on Th III, and a1 and a2 on Abd I (generaly present in S. tristani  and S. zhangi  ). The Abd III of S. bellinii  sp.n. differs by 6 lateral mac (6 or less in S. zhangi  ) and Abd IV with 10 lateral mac (7 in S. tristani  and 9 in S. zhangi  ). For additional information, refer to Table 2.


Embrapa Collection of Fungi of Invertebrates


Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium