Salina hamadae,

Oliveira, Fábio G. L., Cipola, Nikolas G. & Almeida, Eduardo A. B., 2020, Systematics and biogeography of Salina MacGillivray (Collembola: Entomobryoidea), with emphasis on the species groups in the New World, Insect Systematics & Evolution 51, pp. 81-138: 113-116

publication ID 10.1163/1876312X-00002201

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Salina hamadae


Salina hamadae  sp.n. Oliveira & Cipola

Figures 9DView Fig, 10DView Fig, 11DView Fig, 12DView Fig, 13DView Fig, 14B and EView Fig, 15DView Fig, 16DView Fig, 17View Fig F-G, 19F

ZooBank: B66CF554-2D4D-4F87-BE10-1430A66EE8B3


Body and legs with blue spots; Ant I with 9 mac; cephalic groove only with ciliate chaetae; Th II–Abd I with 1–2, 3, 2 central mac, respectively; Abd III with 3 lateral mac (am6, pm6, p6); Abd IV with 10 central mac (A3 and A4 present, A3p and A5 absent) and 9 lateral mac; collophore with 8 anterior, 5 posterior and 12 lateral flap chaetae; trochanteral organ with 16 spine-like chaetae; manubrial plate with 3 chaetae.

Type material

Holotype ♀ on slide (COLLE 044/INPA): Brazil, Santa Catarina, Urubici municipality, Private Reserve of Natural Patrimony (RPPN), “Portal das Nascentes”, 28°03’02”S; 49°22’44”W, Atlantic Forest , 1020 m, 18.viii.2013, Pitfall-trap, JMC Nascimento & N Hamada coll.GoogleMaps  Paratypes on slides (COLLE 044A-W/INPA): 2 ♂ and 21 ♀ and 14 in alcohol, same data as holotypeGoogleMaps  .


Total length (head + trunk) of holotype 2.51 mm. Specimens pale white with blue pigments on Ant I–IV, slightly on anterior head, intersegmental areas of antennae and legs; lateral of Th II to Abd IV; presence of irregular spots from Abd III – IV; Eyepatches black ( Figure 9DView Fig).

Head. Ant I dorsally with 9 mac and 4 basal spiny smooth mic ( Fig 10DView Fig). Posterior labial chaetotaxy series ‘CG’ with 11 ciliate chaetae ( CG 1–7e); series ‘PLM’ with 1 ciliated chaetae ( PLM 1); series ‘PLE’ with 3 ciliate chaetae ( PLE 1–3); lateral side with about 17 ciliate chaetae ( Figure 11DView Fig).

Dorsal chaetotaxy. Th II with 1 ‘m’ mac (m7); 1–2 ‘p’ mac (p1a, p2), p2 present or absent. Th III with 1 ‘a’ mac (a7?); 1 ‘m’ mac (m7); 3 ‘p’ mac (p1i, p2–3) ( Figure 12DView Fig). Abd I with 2 ‘m’ mac (m3, m4) ( Figure 13DView Fig). Abd III with 2 ‘m’ mac (am6, pm6); 1 ‘p’ mac (p6) ( Figure 14BView Fig); Abd IV with 4 ‘A’ mac (A1, A3, A4, A6); 1 ‘Ae’ mac (Ae1); 3 ‘B’ mac (B3–5); 1 ‘Be’ mac (Be1); 1 ‘C’ mac (C1); 3 ‘E’ mac (E1, E2, E4); 3 ‘F’ mac (F1–F3); 3 ‘Fe’ mac (Fe1–2, Fe6); posterior side with 3 sens type IV (ps and two unnamed) ( Figure 14EView Fig). Abd V with 3 ‘a’ mac (a0, a3, a5); 3 ‘m’ mac (m2–3, m5); and 5 ‘p’ mac (p1–5) ( Figure 15DView Fig).

Appendages. Trochanteral organ with 16 smooth spine-like chaetae ( Figure 16DView Fig). Collophore anterior side with 4 subapical mac of equal length, and 4 proximal smooth mic; posterior side with 1 apical ciliated mic and 4 subapical smooth chaetae; lateral flap formula 4(s), 4(m), 4(i) smooth chaetae ( Figures 17View Fig F-G). Manubrial plate with 3 chaetae ( Figure 19CView Fig). Mucro with 3 teeth (d1, ap, v1) ( Figure 19FView Fig).


The epithet honors our entomologist and friend Dr. Neusa Hamada, collector of the specimens.


Salina hamadae  sp.n. resembles S. serrana  sp.n. by body and legs with blue spots, Ant I with more than 6 mac, Abd I with 2 central mac, Abd IV with at least 10 central mac, and mucro with 4 teeth. However, S. hamadae  sp.n. differs of S. serrana  sp.n. in chaetotaxy of the Th II–III with p1a and p1i mac, respectively (both absent in S. serrana  sp.n.), Abd III with 3 lateral mac next to m5 bothriotrichum (2 in S. serrana  sp.n.), and Abd IV devoid of A3p and A5 mac (present in S. serrana  sp.n.)

Salina hamadae  sp.n. also differs by Ant I with 9 mac (7 in S. serrana  sp.n.), trochanteral organ with 16 spine-like chaetae (13 in S. serrana  sp.n.), manubrial plate with 3 chaetae (2 in S. serrana  sp.n.), and collophore with 8 anterior chaetae (4 mac) and 12 chaetae in three rows on lateral flap, while S. serrana  sp.n. has 13 anterior chaetae (3 mac) and lateral flap with 20 chaetae in 4 rows. For additional information, refer to Table 2.


Embrapa Collection of Fungi of Invertebrates


Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium