Cryptachaea parana ( Levi, 1963 ), Levi, 1963

Santanna, Manoela, Rodrigues, Everton Nei Lopes, Cizauskas, Igor & Brescovit, Antonio Domingos, 2019, On the spider genus Cryptachaea from Peru, Bolivia and cave environments in Brazil: a new species, additional descriptions and new records (Araneae, Theridiidae), Zootaxa 4646 (2), pp. 271-292: 276-278

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4646.2.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E031D297-36C5-46D3-A7B0-7355719AAD64

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D80F63-FFB1-FFA3-FF0F-7931FE3FFC95

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cryptachaea parana ( Levi, 1963 )
status

 

Cryptachaea parana ( Levi, 1963)  

Figs. 5, 6 View FIGURES 5–8 , 11, 12 View FIGURES 9–14 , 34 View FIGURE 34

Achaearanea parana Levi, 1963: 213   , fig. 42, male holotype, from Taguararapa, Alto-Paraná, Paraguay, deposited in American Museum of Natural History, not examined.

Cryptachaea parana: Yoshida, 2008: 39   (transferred to Cryptachaea   ).

Diagnosis. Female epigynum of Cryptachaea parana   resembles that of Cryptachaea taeniata ( Keyserling, 1884)   (see Levi, 1959: 72, figs. 39, 40), by the circular and sclerotized copulatory openings and oval spermathecae ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 5–8 ), but differ from this species by the fertilization ducts and spermathecae less separated from each other ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 5–8 ), and by the epigynal plate flat, while that of C. taeniata   is with medium depression.

Description. Male described by Levi (1963: 213). Here we provide for the first time photo of the male in dorsal view ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 9–14 ).

Female ( IBSP 180233): Total length 4.21. Carapace: length 1.66, width 1.32. Clypeus: height 0.23. Sternum: length 0.71, width 0.71. Chelicerae: length 0.57, width 0.20. Abdomen: length: 2.55, width 2.14, height 2.17. Leg formula IV/II/III (leg I, absent). Segment length (II/III/IV): femora 1.73/1.42/2.31; patellae+tibiae 1.87/1.22/2.04; metatarsi+tarsi 2.27/1.63/2.53 total: 5.88/4.28/6.93. Palp: femora 0.44, patellae 0.17, tibiae 0.17, tarsi 0.54. AME bigger than the other eyes; other eyes are the same size. Eyes with dark borders ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 9–14 ). Carapace oval, brown with dark borders ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 9–14 ). Clypeus pale brown, laterally concave. Chelicerae yellow. Labium yellow, subquadrangular. Endites brown, subquadrangular. Ocular area yellow, slightly darker between median eyes ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 9–14 ). Sternum brown, with dark brown dots. Legs yellow, except distal femur and tibiae apex with dark brown spot. Abdomen dorsally grayish, with two lateral triangular and one posterior dark brown spots ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 9–14 ) and with median and posterior white spots ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 9–14 ); ventrally yellow, with dark brown and white dots. Spinnerets brown. Epigynum with epigynal plate wider than long ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 5–8 ), with two circular and sclerotized copulatory openings, and two oval spermathecae ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 5–8 ). Fertilization ducts short and copulatory ducts coiled ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 5–8 ).

Variation. Females (n=6): Total length 2.83–4.28. Carapace: length 1.06–1.70, width 0.78–2.14. Femur leg I 1.82–2.96.

New records. BRAZIL: Tocantins, Dianópolis, Cave Toca da Onça (11°38’33’’S; 46°42’22’’W), 4M, 4 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 04–09.XII.2007 ( IBSP 134213 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 21–29.V.2008 ( IBSP 134267 View Materials )   5F, 04–12.III.2008 ( IBSP 134162 View Materials )   , 1M, 6F, 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134344 View Materials )   , 4F ( IBSP 134348 View Materials )   , 1F ( IBSP 134349 View Materials )   ; Cave Caverna da Coluna ( AR-E3-05) (11°39’5958’’S; 46°43’21’’W)   , 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12. III.2008 ( IBSP 134170 View Materials )   , 1M, 2F ( IBSP 134414 View Materials )   ; Cave Gruta Três Morros—1 (Gruta dos 3 Morros 1 AR-F5-01) (11°39’46’’S; 46°42’56’’W), 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134371 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Cave Gruta Três Morros—3 (Gruta dos 3 Morros 3AR-F5-03) (11°39’46’’S; 46°42’57’’W), 2 F, R.Andrade et al. coll., 04–09.XII.2007 ( IBSP 134248 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12.III.2008 ( IBSP 134180 View Materials )   , 1F ( IBSP 134422 View Materials )   ; Cave Gruta dos Mangangá AR-D1-01 (11°38’43’’S; 46°43’29’’W), 1M, 3 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 04–09.XII.2007 ( IBSP 134240 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12.III.2008 ( IBSP 134190 View Materials )   , 1M, 1F ( IBSP 134407 View Materials )   ; Cave Caverna dos Mojadores ( AR-D1-02) (11°38’45’’S; 46°43’28’’W) GoogleMaps   , 4F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 04–09.XII.2007 ( IBSP 134226 View Materials )   , 1M, 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 21–29.V.2008 ( IBSP 134260 View Materials )   , 1M, 1F, 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134360 View Materials )   ; Cave Caverna da Areia (11°39’2’’S; 46°43’21’’W), 2M, 2 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 04–09.XII.2007 ( IBSP 134228 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Cave Gruta do N.A. AR-E3-03 (11°39’4’’S; 46°43’21’’W), 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134450 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 2F, 21–29.V.2008 ( IBSP 134280 View Materials )   ; Cave Caverna da Vértebra ( AR-E3-01) (11°39’3’’S; 46°43’22’’W) GoogleMaps   , 1M, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 21–29.V.2008 ( IBSP 134289 View Materials )   , 1F, 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134377 View Materials )   ; Cave Caverna dos Pescadores ( AR-E3-02) (11°39’5’’S; 46°43’20’’W) GoogleMaps   , 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 21–29.V.2008 ( IBSP 134354 View Materials )   , 1M, 1F, 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134355 View Materials )   , 1M, 2F ( IBSP 134357 View Materials )   ; Novo Jardim, Cave Caverna da Fenda I (11°41’49’’S; 46°44’8’’W), 1F, Pellegatti-Franco et al. coll., 04–12.VIII.2008 ( IBSP 134430 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Goiás, São Domingos, Parque Estadual de Terra Ronca, Cave Lapa Terra Ronca I (13°44’1572’’S; 46°21’31’’W), 1M, 2 F, P. Gnaspini et al. coll., 09.IX.1997 ( IBSP 23733 View Materials )   ; Cave Lapa do Hilário (13°43’9408’’S; 46°20’28’’W), 1 M, P.Gnaspini et al. coll., 22.IX.1997 ( IBSP 23749 View Materials )   ; Mambaí, APA Nascentes do Rio Vermelho, Cave Caverna Fundo de Quintal I (14°29’17’’S; 46°7’9’’W), 1 F, J.A.O.Motta, J.N. Araújo & G.M.V.Rosa, coll., 28.VII.2001 ( IBSP 56028 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Minas Gerais, Santana do Riacho, Parque Nacional da Serra do Cipó (19º20’S; 43º31’W), 1 F, E. S. S. Álvares & E. O. Machado coll., 10–14.II.2001 ( MCN 34193 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Catas Altas, Reserva Particular de Patrimônio   Natural Serra do Caraça (20°05’S; 43°29’W), 1M, 3F, Equipe Biota coll., 24.IV–01.V.2002 ( MCN 40549 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1M ( MCN 40550 View Materials )   , 2F ( MCN 40551 View Materials )   ; Barão de Cocais, Cave Gruta Córrego Vieira , 1 F, R. Andrade coll., 02–24.XI.2007 ( IBSP 127605 View Materials )   , 1F ( IBSP 127608 View Materials )   ; Iguatama, Cave Gruta Arcaica (20°17’12’’S; 45°47’35’’W), 1 F, E.O. Machado e J.P.P.P. Barbosa coll., 25.I.2008 ( IBSP 118678 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Cave Gruta Trincheira do Vietnã (20°17’10’’S; 45°47’36’’W), 1 F, E.O. Machado e J.P.P.P. Barbosa coll., 25.I.2008 ( IBSP 118701 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Itabirito, Cave Caverna VL-02 (20°17’9’’S; 43°56’46’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade coll., IV.2008 ( IBSP 128834 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1M, 1F, J. Mascarenhas et al. coll., 07–09.XI.2011 ( IBSP 180906)   ; Cave Caverna VL-05 (20°17’10’’S; 43°56’45’’W), 1 M, R. Andrade coll., 18–25.IV.2007 ( IBSP 115749 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Cave Caverna VL-27 (20°20’7’’S; 43°56’7’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade coll., 03–20.XI.2007 ( IBSP 128823 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Lagoa   Santa, Parque Estadual do Sumidouro, Cave Gruta da Lapinha (19°33’43’’S; 43°57’32’’W), 1 F, E. S. S. Álvares coll., III.2000 ( IBSP 56111 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Mariana, Cave Furna Dois   (20°13’35’’S; 43°11’29’’W), 1 M, F. Tulio coll., 14.VII.2002 ( IBSP 39777 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; SAMARCO, Mina Alegria, Cave Caverna C-4 (20°11’25’’S; 43°30’34’’W), 1F, 16–17.IV.2009 ( IBSP 149759 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Cave Caverna C-3 (20°11’36’’S; 43°30’41’’W), 1F, 04–05.VIII.2009 ( IBSP 149804 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Cave Caverna C-2 (20°11’24342’’S; 43°30’34’’W), 1F, 16–17.IV.2009 ( IBSP 149762 View Materials )   , all colleted by R. Bessi & I. Cizauskas et al.; Fábrica Nova, Cave Caverna FN-001 (20°13’41’’S; 43°25’50’’W), 1M, 2 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 05– 09.V.2008 ( IBSP 146104 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1F, 05–09.V.2009 ( IBSP 146143 View Materials )   ; Cave Caverna FN-002 (20°13’39’’S; 43°25’53’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 16–21.I.2009 ( IBSP 146118 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1F ( IBSP 146123 View Materials )   ; Cave Caverna FN-006 (20°13’8’’S; 43°25’51’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 05–09.V.2009 ( IBSP 146168 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Cave Caverna FN-010 (20°12’29’’S; 43°26’20’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 05–09.V.2009 ( IBSP 146192 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Cave Caverna FN-012 (20°12’30’’S; 43°26’20’’W), 2 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 16–21.I.2009 ( IBSP 146220 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Cave Caverna FN-013 (20°12’28’’S; 43°26’19’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 05–09.V.2009 ( IBSP 146224 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1M ( IBSP 146233 View Materials )   ; Cave Caverna FN-015 (20°12’22’’S; 43°26’10’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade et al. coll., 05–09.V.2009 ( IBSP 146256 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Matozinhos, Mocambeiros, Cave MOC-09 (19°33’9’’S; 44°1’14’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180170), 1F, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180191) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-12(19°32’57’’S; 44°1’6’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180171) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-20 (19°33’6’’S; 44°1’9’’W), 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180180) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-22 (19°32’57’’S; 44°1’6’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180172) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-24 (19°32’53’’S; 44°1’4’’W), 1F, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180195) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-26 (19°33’2’’S; 44°0’59’’W), 1M, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180173), 1F, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180192) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-28 (19°33’6’’S; 44°1’0’’W), 1M, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180196) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-30 (19°33’2’’S; 44°1’5’’W), 1F, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180193) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-38 (19°32’54’’S; 44°0’30’’W), 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180182), 1F ( IBSP 180183), 1F ( IBSP 180184), 1F ( IBSP 180185) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-50 (19°32’58’’S; 44°0’41’’W), 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180188), 1F, 01–09.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180199), 1M ( IBSP 180200) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-57 (19°33’46’’S; 44°1’19’’W), 1F, 08– 18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180174), 1M, 1F ( IBSP 180233) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-64 (19°32’57’’S; 44°0’37’’W), 1F, 01–09.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180201) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-66 (19°32’52’’S; 44°0’37’’W), 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180189), 1M ( IBSP 180190), 1F, 01–09.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180202) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-67 (19°33’12’’S; 44°0’56’’W), 1M, 28.VI–01.VII.2011 ( IBSP 180194) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-68 (19°33’11’’S; 44°0’57’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180175) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-84 (19°32’57’’S; 44°0’48’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180176) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-100 (19°32’58’’S; 44°0’34’’W), 1F, 01–09.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180203) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-101 (19°32’58’’S; 44°0’34’’W), 1F, 01–09.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180204) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC- 113/114 (19°33’15’’S; 44°1’13’’W), 1F, 08–18.II.2011 ( IBSP 180177), 1F ( IBSP 180178) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-101 (19°32’58’’S; 44°0’34’’W), 1M, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180179) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-N4 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180181), 1F, 01–08.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180197)   ; Cave MOC-N6 (19°32’56’’S; 44°1’5’’W), 1F, 01–08.VIII.2011 ( IBSP 180198) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MOC-N9 (19°33’20’’S; 44°0’59’’W), 1M, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180186) GoogleMaps   ; Cave MCL-01 (19°36’47’’S; 44°1’9’’W), 1F, 04–15.IV.2011 ( IBSP 180187), all colleted by F. P. Franco & C. A. R. Souza et al GoogleMaps   .; Moeda, Cave Caverna VL-12 (20°17’47868’’S; 43°56’48’’W), 1 F, R. Andrade coll., 18–25.IV.2007 ( IBSP 115738 View Materials )   ; Nova Lima, Cave Caverna SM-016 (20°8’44862’’S; 43°57’59’’W), 1M, F, Bessi et al. coll., 06–07.VIII.2009 ( IBSP 149784 View Materials )   ; Pains, Cave Gruta do Isaías (20°22’5’’S; 45°39’28’’W), 1 M, P. Gnaspini coll., 06.IX.2001 ( IBSP 71843 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Cave Gruta do Marco 1 F, M.E. Bichuette coll., 01.XI.2005 ( IBSP 71888 View Materials )   ; Cave Gruta do Topo 1 F, M.E. Bichuette coll., 01.XI.2005 ( IBSP 71900 View Materials )   ; Cave Gruta Interrompida 1 F, M.E. Bichuette coll., 01.XI.2005 ( IBSP 71906 View Materials )   ; Sete Lagoas, Cave Caverna BRN_001 (19°29’30’’S; 44°16’19’’W), 1M, Equipe Carste coll., 25–28.III.2013 ( IBSP 182761 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Mato Grosso do Sul, Dois Irmãos do Buriti, Piraputanga (20°27’S; 55°30’W), 1 M, A.D. Brescovit et al. coll., 31.VI–06.VII.1999 ( MCN 42653 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1F( MCN 42654 View Materials )   ; Bodoquena, Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena, Cave Gruta Córrego Azul III ( Gruta 3) (20°45’43’’S; 56°45’5’’W), 1M, Livia M. Cordeiro coll., 23.IV.2007 ( IBSP 126651 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1F, 27.X.2006 ( IBSP 126654 View Materials )   ; Assentamento Campina, Cave Gruta Senhor Natal (20°44’13’’S; 56°47’23’’W), 1F, no data, 20.IV.2007 ( IBSP 126656 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Bonito, Cave Gruta Tamanduá , 1 F, E. Costa Jr et al. coll., 21.X.2002 ( IBSP 56101 View Materials )   ; Fazenda Pitangueiras, Cave Gruta Pitangueiras (20°52’13’’S; 56°35’9’’W), 1 F, R. Bessi & Jr. Costa coll., 02.III.2003 ( IBSP 66560 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; São Paulo, Teodoro Sampaio, Parque Estadual do Morro do Diabo , (22°31’S; 52°18’W),1M, Equipe Biota coll., 28.III.2003 ( MCN 39037 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Mauá, Cave Gruta   de Santa Luzia (23°40’17’’S; 46°23’49’’W), 1 M, A. Macedo coll., 2004 ( IBSP 62691 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Paraná, Foz do Iguaçu, Parque Nacional do Iguaçu (25°36’S; 54°25’W),1M, 1F, Equipe Biota coll., 03–12.II.2002 ( MCN 40241 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Distribution. Paraguay (Alto Paraná) and Brazil (Tocantins, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo and Paraná) ( Fig. 34 View FIGURE 34 ).

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

MCN

McNeese State University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Theridiidae

Genus

Cryptachaea

Loc

Cryptachaea parana ( Levi, 1963 )

Santanna, Manoela, Rodrigues, Everton Nei Lopes, Cizauskas, Igor & Brescovit, Antonio Domingos 2019
2019
Loc

Cryptachaea parana: Yoshida, 2008: 39

Yoshida, H. 2008: 276
2008
Loc

Achaearanea parana

Levi, H. W. 1963: 276
1963