Psorodonotus specularis specularis Fischer

Kaya, Sarp, Chobanov, Dragan & Çiplak, Battal, 2014, Review of Psorodonotus Specularis Group (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae, Tettigoniinae): two new species from North-east Anatolia, Zootaxa 3895 (3), pp. 367-400 : 387

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3895.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7F3E9CC1-E61F-4FE3-9CD5-B8A6C91E7562

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5615872

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D82877-FFC9-FFAB-FF20-837373E6F0DD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Psorodonotus specularis specularis Fischer
status

 

Psorodonotus specularis specularis Fischer von Waldheim, 1839, stat. rev.

( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 , 13–18 View FIGURES 6 – 19 , 27–32 View FIGURES 20 – 33 , 41–46 View FIGURES 34 – 47 , 48 View FIGURE 48 , 56 –61 View FIGURES 49 – 62 , 70–75 View FIGURES 63 – 76 , 84–89 View FIGURES 77 – 90 , 98– 103 View FIGURES 91 – 104 , 112–117 View FIGURES 105 – 118 , 126– 131 View FIGURES 119 – 132 , 133–137 View FIGURE 133 View FIGURE 134 View FIGURE 135 View FIGURE 136 View FIGURE 137 , 151– 155 View FIGURES 150 – 152 View FIGURES 153 – 156 , 157 View FIGURE 157 ; Tables 1–4 View TABLE 1 View TABLE 2 )

Peltastes specularis Fischer von Waldheim 1839: 112.

Pterolepis specularis (Fischer von Waldheim); Fischer von Waldheim 1846: 213, 214.

Pterolepis specularis (Fischer von Waldheim); Herman 1874: 210 (note: possibly belonging to the genus Psorodonotus ). Psorodonotus specularis (Fischer von Waldheim); Brunner von Wattenwyl 1882: 367.

Semenovites specularis (Fischer von Waldheim); Tarbinsky 1932: 194.

Psorodonotus specularis specularis (Fischer von Waldheim); Ramme 1951: 260, 382.

Psorodonotus specularis (Fischer von Waldheim); Stolyarov 1983: 18 (including P. s. inermis Ramme as a subspecies).

Type specimen information. Syntypes, 10 males and 1 female (cf. Fischer von Wadlheim 1846), "Tauria". Note: the type locality, in translation Crimea (or mentioned as "Krim" by other authors—see above citations), is doubtful due to the lack of any material of Psorodonotus from this region (incl. from own observations during a field trip in 2010) and the obvious absence of the genus along the whole North Black Sea coast. This data might be supported by the other type locality by Fischer de Waldheim (1939) for P. venosus —Dauria (in Siberia), a region much farther from the range of Psorodonotus . Fischer de Waldheim (1846) mentions the locality also as "Tauride", which one may subjectively relate to the Taurus mountains in Turkey (from Ancient Greek, "Όρη Ταύρου"), though this region is also remote from the range of the Specularis Group. Later on Brunner von Wattenwyl (1882), Ebner (1923) and others point to more exact localities in the Caucasus region (Tiflis, i.e. possibly the Tbilisi surroundings in Georgia; Eriwan in Armenia). The locality Derbent ( Ebner 1923) is doubtful if it concerns the city in the Republic of Dagestan; the record for Syria ( Giglio-Tos 1893) is certainly a mistake as this is far from the range of Psorodonotus and the region differs strongly with inappropriate climatic conditions for the populations of this species. Ramme (1951), describing P. s. inermis , defines differences between both subspecies and refers to exact localities. After comparison of literature data and new own material we may conclude that the type locality "Tauria" is wrongly referred to the Crimean Peninsula and the type specimens originate from the Lesser Caucasus (Trascaucasia)—most probably a place either in South Georgia, Armenia or the neighbouring today's territory of Turkey.

Material examined. See Table 1 View TABLE 1 . Additionally: GEORGIA: 1 F, East Taranscaucasica, Daeyrapal, 9.1924 (leg. M. Siazov) (NHM); 1 F, Bakuriani, (leg. K. Borzom) (NHM; Brit. Mus. 1929 – 488); 1 F Mus.Caucas. 19 – 12 (leg. V. Kozlavski); 1 M, Bakuriani, 8.9. 1912 (NHM; B.M 1935 - 29); 1 M, 2 F, Caucasus, Bakuriani, 5 – 10.9.1912 (leg. Konig) (NHM); 17 M, 17 F, Transkaukasien, Bakuriani, 1600–2000 m, 10 – 13.9.1927 (leg. Ramme) ( MfN); ARMENIA: 5 M, 1 F, Schordsha (Goktschasee), 1900–2600 m, 2.9. 1927 (leg. Ramme) ( MfN).

Distribution. Widely distributed in the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus range, including NE Anatolia (the provinces of Ardahan, Artvin and Kars) ( Salman 1978), Georgia and all Armenia, to the south possibly bordered by the Aras river valley and to the north by the valley of Kura and Rioni rivers. Yet, it is possible that P. specularis specularis is also partly represented in the Great Caucasus range penetrating through the mountain connection between the Greater and Lesser Caucasus (Surami pass) (see Remarks section in the next taxon).

MfN

Museum für Naturkunde

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Orthoptera

Family

Tettigoniidae

Genus

Psorodonotus

Loc

Psorodonotus specularis specularis Fischer

Kaya, Sarp, Chobanov, Dragan & Çiplak, Battal 2014
2014
Loc

Psorodonotus specularis

Stolyarov 1983: 18
1983
Loc

Psorodonotus specularis specularis

Ramme 1951: 260
1951
Loc

Semenovites specularis

Tarbinsky 1932: 194
1932
Loc

Pterolepis specularis

Herman 1874: 210
1874