Phaneroptera sparsa Stål, 1857, Stal, 1857

Naskrecki, Piotr & Guta, Ricardo, 2019, Katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) of Gorongosa National Park and Central Mozambique, Zootaxa 4682 (1), pp. 1-119: 58-59

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4682.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:430B98EF-BFCB-4608-A562-DEFA9539C8B2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5629515

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D8878E-FC48-D901-CCFE-533AFDD233EB

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Phaneroptera sparsa Stål, 1857
status

 

Phaneroptera sparsa Stål, 1857  

http://lsid.speciesfile.org/urn:lsid: Orthoptera   .speciesfile.org:TaxonName:8151

( Figs. 25 View FIGURE 25 A–C, 51J–L)

Diagnostic remarks. A small, green, rather nondescript katydid with hind wings that clearly surpass the tegmina

( Fig. 25C View FIGURE 25 ). Species of the genus Phaneroptera Serville, 1831   can be distinguished from the similar looking species of Eulioptera Ragge, 1956   by the tegmen being opaque, while in the latter genus the fields between veins are translucent. P. sparsa   differs from other species of the genus in the shape of the male cerci ( Fig. 25B View FIGURE 25 ) and the characteristics of the call.

Bioacoustics. The call of P. sparsa   consists of short, 2–3 syllable, 0.26– 0.28 s long echemes; mean syllable duration is extremely short at 0.00433 s (SD=0.001406, n=34); the peak frequency of the call is 27.1–33.9 kHz, albeit the lower frequencies of the call are audible from a very short distance ( Figs. 51 View FIGURE 51 J–L).

Distribution and natural history. P. sparsa   is one of the most widely distributed and ubiquitous katydids in Africa, having been recorded from most countries of the continent as well as Madagascar and the Arabian Peninsula ( Ragge 1956a). It occurs in a wide range of habitats and elevations, from lowland savannas and woodlands to montane meadows to urban environments. It feeds primarily on flowers and other plant parts.

Measurements (3 males, 3 females). body w/wings: male 27–29 (281), female 24–31 (28.33.8); body w/o wings: male 1–14 (9.77.5), female 11–14 (131.7); pronotum: male 4, female 3–4 (3.7.6); tegmen: male 16–17 (16.7.6), female 14–19 (17.32.9); hind femur: male 16–17 (16.7.6), female 15–19 (172); ovipositor: 5 mm.

Material examined (191 specimens). Mozambique: Manica, Sussundenga, Nhahomba Ranger Station, Mussapa , elev. 606 m (-19.585799, 33.084969), 26.xi.–2.xii.2018, coll. P. Naskrecki & M. Tomás— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; Sofala, Coutada 12, Nyago hunting camp, elev. 70 m (-18.660767, 35.455603), 8–16.iv.2016, coll. P. Naskrecki & J. Guyton— 1 female, 1 male GoogleMaps   ; Cheringoma, Coutada 12, Chironde camp, elev. 156 m (-18.32780, 35.35799), 25.iii.–4.iv.2017, coll. P. Naskrecki, J. Guyton & M. Castene— 2 females, 1 male ( EOWL) GoogleMaps   ; nr. Codzo ( Khodzue ), cave and nearby, elev. 216 m (-18.564, 34.872222), 8–9.vi.2012, coll. P. Naskrecki— 2 females GoogleMaps   , 1 nymph female ( MCZ); same locality, 14–25.iv.2017, coll. P. Naskrecki— 2 females GoogleMaps   ; Gorongosa   , Chitengo , E.O. Wilson Laboratory, elev. 42 m (-18.97775, 34.35130), 15–31.xii.2016, coll. R. Guta— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 1–15.x.2017, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female ( EOWL) GoogleMaps   ; GNP, Bela Vista ranger outpost, elev. 26 m (-18.69470, 34.20853), 5–12.v.2015, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female, 1 male GoogleMaps   ; GNP, Bunga Inselberg, Camp 1, nr. Bunga ranger outpost, elev. 75 m (- 18.59989, 34.33686), 21.iv.–5.v.2015, coll. P. Naskrecki— 3 females ( EOWL, MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; GNP, Chitengo-Vinho road, (-18.992, 34.3526), 6–7.iv.2014, coll. M. Stalmans— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; GNP, Chitengo, Wilson Laboratory , elev. 48 m (- 18.977722, 34.351333), 9.xii.2017, coll. N. Vicente— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; GNP, Wilson Laboratory , (-18.977761, 34.35115), 15–30.xi.2016, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; GNP, Floodplain , (-18.91989, 34.38098), 27.vi.2015, coll. J. Guyton— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; GNP, on Picada 2, elev. 44 m (-18.963833, 34.382306), 12.ii.2015, coll. P. Naskrecki & R. Guta (226)— 1 female ( EOWL) GoogleMaps   ; Gorongosa   Dist., Archway Gorge , campsite, elev. 63 m (-18.95336, 34.61089), 22– 29.iv.2013, coll. P. Naskrecki— 2 females ( MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; GNP, Chitengo , elev. 38 m (-18.978808, 34.352606), 5–9.v.2014, coll. R. Guta— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 20–30.v.2014, coll. R. Guta— 2 females ( EOWL) GoogleMaps   ; Claud’s Waterfall campsite, elev. 94 m (-19.03011, 34.67592), 1–6.v.2013, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female, 3 males ( MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; Wilson Laboratory, GNP, Chitengo , (-18.97775, 34.351333), 27–30.v.2014, coll. M. Stalmans— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 21.vii.–8.viii.2015, coll. B. Woo— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 19–28.ii.2017, coll. P. Naskrecki— 2 females ( EOWL) GoogleMaps   ; GNP, Community Education Center , elev. 129 m (-18.953639, 34.177111), 18–22.vi.2014, coll. G. Daniel, I. Nganhane & R. Guta— 1 female ( UEMM) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 30.vii.–3.viii.2015, coll. Bioinformatics Workshop Participants— 1 male ( EOWL) GoogleMaps   ; GNP, Chitengo , elev. 29 m (-18.98194, 34.35122), 9.v.–29.vi.2012, coll. P. Naskrecki— 10 females, 5 males ( MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 17.iii.–5.iv.2013, coll. P. Naskrecki— 3 females, 1 male GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 17–31.iii.2013, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female ( EOWL, MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 6–31.v.2013, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female, 2 males GoogleMaps   ; GNP, eastern part, bottom of a limestone gorge, elev. 93 m (-18.68906, 34.75306), 15.v.2012, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female; GNP, fever tree forest, elev. 22 m (-18.90442, 34.40408), 10.v.–25.vi.2012, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female, 1 nymph; GNP, nr. Chitengo , humid forest along road to sanctuary, elev. 29 m (-18.99122, 34.32811), 16–23.v.2012, coll. P. Naskrecki— 11 females, 7 males GoogleMaps   ; miombo, elev. 112 m (-19.03658, 34.67897), 1–6.v.2013, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female; Nhagutua , elev. 221 m (-18.64339, 34.81425), 10–15.vi.2012, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; same locality, 16–20.iv.2013, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; Nhagutua , bottom of the gorge, elev. 133 m (-18.63239, 34.80725), 11–14.vi.2012, coll. P. Naskrecki— 1 female ( MCZ) GoogleMaps   ; GNP, along Pungue Rd, nr. Vinho Rd. , elev. 25 m (-18.99675, 34.365806), 11–16.vi.2014, coll. P. Naskrecki & R. Guta— 1 male GoogleMaps   ; GNP, Urema Road , elev. 25 m (-19.009417, 34.423639), 15.vi.2014, coll. P. Naskrecki & R. Guta— 1 male GoogleMaps   ; Sofala Prov., CEC_GRP, elev. 114–134 m (-18.953767, 34.178283), 30.vii.–3.viii.2015, coll. Bioinformatics Workshop Participants— 1 female GoogleMaps   ; Gorongosa   Distr. , GRP, E.O. Wilson Lab Chitengo, (-18.9783, 34.3514), 9.ii.–4.iii.2015, coll. P. Naskrecki & R. Guta— 1 female GoogleMaps   ( EOWL).

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology