Dentitheca contraria ( Ansín Agís et al., 2014 ) Galea & Maggioni, 2020

Galea, Horia R. & Maggioni, Davide, 2020, Plumularioid hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) from off New Caledonia collected during KANACONO and KANADEEP expeditions of the French Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos Program, European Journal of Taxonomy 708, pp. 1-58 : 12-13

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scientific name

Dentitheca contraria ( Ansín Agís et al., 2014 )

comb. nov.

Dentitheca contraria ( Ansín Agís et al., 2014) comb. nov.

Fig. 6 View Fig A–B

Plumularia contraria Ansín Agís et al., 2014: 800 View Cited Treatment , figs 6–7.

Material examined

PACIFIC OCEAN • 1 ca 21 cm high, sterile colony, devoid of its hydrorhiza; off New Caledonia, stn DW4742; 22°53′ S, 167°37′ E; 290–345 m; 23 Aug. 2016; KANACONO leg.; barcode identifier MT655149 View Materials ; MNHN-IK-2015-582 GoogleMaps 1 ca 14 cm high, sterile colony without hydrorhiza; off New Caledonia, stn DW4745; 22°57′ S, 167°39′ E; 310–403 m; 23 Aug. 2016; KANACONO leg.; MNHN-IK-2015-583 GoogleMaps 1 ca 20 cm high, sterile colony; off New Caledonia, stn DW4741; 22°52′ S, 167°41′ E; 210– 210 m; 23 Aug. 2016; KANACONO leg.; barcode identifier MT655150 View Materials ; MNHN-IK-2015-584 GoogleMaps a fully fertile colony of ca 19 cm in height; off New Caledonia, stn DW4744; 22°55′ S, 167°37′ E; 310– 290 m; 23 Aug. 2016; KANACONO leg.; barcode identifier MT655151 View Materials ; MNHN-IK-2015-585 GoogleMaps a 8.5 cm high, sterile colony; off New Caledonia, stn DW4743; 22°52′ S, 167°34′ E; 380– 340 m; 23 Aug. 2016; KANACONO leg.; MNHN-IK-2015-592 GoogleMaps .

Additional material

BALI SEA • 3 sterile colonies of D. elongata , 8–11 cm high; Indonesia, NE Bali, near Amed, Japanese shipwreck; 8°21′50.29″ S, 115°42′1.61″ E; 5–15 m; 4 Oct. 2010; HRG-1236 GoogleMaps .

CELEBES SEA • 1 ca 9 cm high, fully-fertile colony fragment of Dentitheca elongata ( Billard, 1913) ; Indonesia, Derawan Archipelago, off Sangalaki Island ; 2°05′21″ N, 118°24′04″ E; 20 m; 23 Apr. 2010; HRG-0132 GoogleMaps .


For a comprehensive account on the trophosome of this species, refer to Ansín Agís et al. (2014).

Gonothecae were not documented in the original account, but the material MNHN-IK-2015-585 is a fertile colony. Its gonothecae are borne on the side branches in the axil formed by the cladial apophyses with their corresponding internodes; they are broadly piriform, with a truncate distal end that bears a wide, circular aperture closed by a filmy perisarc, possibly becoming a deciduous operculum that is lost upon the release of the gonophores. The latter are undoubtedly medusoids, as suggested by the presence of an apical belt of small, spherical, refringent corpuscles. Two or three large oocytes, occupying the whole subumbrellar cavity, are clearly discernible inside each gonophore ( Fig. 6B View Fig ).

The elongated hydrothecae, whose lateral walls produce two arched lobes flanking their apertures, the characteristic shape of the gonotheca, and the production of medusoid gonophores, suggest that this species is better assignable to the genus Dentitheca Stechow, 1919 .

For the same reasons as those listed above, additionally supported by molecular evidence ( Moura et al. 2018), Plumularia elongata Billard, 1913 is equally assigned to Dentitheca , as D. elongata comb. nov. As noted by Ansín Agís et al. (2014), this species shows certain similarities with D. contraria comb. nov., notably the shape of its hydrothecae. However, Billard’s species forms planar colonies, while those of D. contraria comb. nov. have spirally-arranged cladia-bearing branches; additionally, the cladial internodes of the latter continue for a longer distance above the hydrotheca, and are provided there with an additional nematotheca, otherwise absent in D. elongata (compare Fig. 6A View Fig and Fig. 6C View Fig ).

Piriform gonothecae, very similar to those of D. contraria comb. nov., some of them reportedly containing a medusoid gonophore, are known for instance in D. alata (Bale, 1888) ( Watson 1997: fig. 7e; probable medusoid), D. asymmetrica ( Bale, 1914) ( Bale 1914: 30; medusoid), D. bidentata (Jäderholm, 1920) ( Migotto & Marques 1999: figs 1e, 3b–d, 4; medusoid), D. dendritica ( Nutting, 1900) ( Galea et al. 2012: figs 1c–m, 2a–g; medusoid), D. elongata ( Billard, 1913) ( Di Camillo et al. 2010: figs 2e, 3d, as D. habereri ), D. habereri ( Stechow, 1909) ( Inaba 1892: fig. 9, as Plumularia sp.; Stechow 1913: fig. 60; probably medusoid), and D. hertwigi (Stechow, 1907) ( Stechow 1913: fig. T 1; Hirohito 1995: fig. 88d–e; probably medusoid).


Scattered records form off New Caledonia ( Ansín Agís et al. 2014; present study).














Dentitheca contraria ( Ansín Agís et al., 2014 )

Galea, Horia R. & Maggioni, Davide 2020

Plumularia contraria Ansín Agís et al., 2014: 800

Ansin Agis J. & Vervoort W. & Ramil F. 2014: 800