Terebrasabella hutchingsae, Murray, Anna & Rouse, Greg W., 2007

Murray, Anna & Rouse, Greg W., 2007, Two new species of Terebrasabella (Annelida: Sabellidae: Sabellinae) from Australia, Zootaxa 1434, pp. 51-68: 53-57

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.175840

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:084757F0-EE49-4356-A2F6-75DE3DBBC20A

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3509810

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03DA87C5-FFDB-BB1F-FF5D-FCBF81B1F903

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Terebrasabella hutchingsae
status

sp. nov.

Terebrasabella hutchingsae   sp. nov.

Figures 1–4 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4

Material examined. Type material: Holotype, AM W 29451 View Materials , Queensland, Outer Yonge Reef, northeast of Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, 14 ° 36 ’S 145 ° 38 ’E, from rock and coral rubble covered with pink coralline algae and encrusting sponges, at 9m. Paratypes, AM W 29452 View Materials (1), AM W 29453 View Materials (1), AM W 29454 View Materials (1), AM W 29455 View Materials (2), all from same locality, depth and habitat as holotype. All type specimens collected 21 January 1977 by P.A. Hutchings and P.B. Weate.

Non-type material: AM W 29456 View Materials (17), AM W 29457 View Materials (3), AM W 29458 View Materials (2), AM W 29459 View Materials (2), AM W 29460 View Materials (3 on SEM stub); AM W 29461 View Materials (1), AM W 29462 View Materials (2), AM W 29463 View Materials (1), all from Outer Yonge Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, 14 ° 36 ’S 145 ° 38 ’E, Stns 77 LIZ 51 -1, 51-3, 51-4, 9- 10m, rock and coral rubble, collected 21 January 1977 by P.A. Hutchings and P.B. Weate.

Description. Holotype sexually mature, eight thoracic and three abdominal chaetigers. Branchial crown missing. Anterior half of body slender, elongate (damaged by longitudinal split after examination); posterior abdomen slightly expanded, sac-like, with thin body wall. External segmentation indistinct. Total length 3.6 mm, maximum width 0.375 mm. Mucilaginous sheath separated from specimen, retained in separate microvial. Two juveniles lying adjacent to body of female near the 7 th thoracic chaetiger.

Description of branchial crown based on paratype AM W 29452 View Materials , which is the only specimen with branchial crown intact ( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 A–C). All other specimens have branchial crown missing or regenerating. Branchial crown with two pairs of radioles (one of ventral pair broken), ends filamentous, up to eight pinnules. Branchial skeleton present; each radiolar skeleton with two rows of cells, pinnular skeletons with single row of cells. Branchial lobes mid-dorsally fused, with skeleton as a single row of large cells. Radiolar appendages present (sensu Fitzhugh 2003) with dorsal lips elongate, distally tapered, but with no discernable internal extension of branchial skeleton, nor surrounding sheath. Ventral lips absent. Ventral basal flanges present. Palmate membrane, branchial hearts, radiolar flanges, stylodes and radiolar eyespots absent ( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 B–C). Anterior peristomial collar indistinct; no visible annulation between anterior and posterior peristomial rings. Posterior peristomial ring collar incised mid-dorsally, and with small, subtriangular, distally-rounded ventral lappets ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 B). Indistinct latero-ventral incision present on peristomial ring. Peristomial segment without eyespots, but with internal nephridial ‘glandular patches’ ( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 B–C).

Chaetiger 1 with capillary notochaetae only, two superior broadly-hooded chaetae and one inferior shorter broadly-hooded chaeta per fascicle ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 A-C, 3 B-C). Notochaetae of chaetigers 2–5 broadly-hooded chaetae arranged in two rows per fascicle, superior chaetae(2–3) longer than inferior ones (1–2). Chaetigers 6–8 have 2–5 superior broadly-hooded and 1 inferior shorter broadly-hooded capillary notochaeta per fascicle. Neurochaetae of chaetiger 2 are 1–2 large, erect, acicular, long-handled “palmate” uncini (similar to Caobangia   spp. Jones 1974) ( Fig 3 View FIGURE 3 D). “Palmate” uncini possess large gap between main fang and semicircle of distal smaller heterodont teeth (with one pair slightly larger than others) and moderately-developed breast below main fang ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 G–H, 3 D). Fascicles of chaetigers 3–6 with 1–2 long-handled, crested, acicular uncini possessing large main fang surmounted by a crest of small teeth arranged over and between two larger teeth (heterodont, but not “palmate” as there is no large gap between main fang and crest of teeth) ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 F, 3 E–F, 4 E); also 1–2 companion chaetae (sensu Fitzhugh 1989), long-handled with pointed, flattened blade or membrane perpendicular to handle and low distal swelling or breast ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 E, 3 E–F, 4 E). Thoracic chaetigers 7 to 8 with long rows of rasp-shaped avicular uncini ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 C). Uncini with five or more vertical rows of small teeth above distal tooth, prominent breast and handle as long as dentate region ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 I, 3 A, 3 C). Chaetiger 7 with 50–56 uncini in each row; chaetiger 8 with 12 uncini per row. Abdominal neurochaetae 1–3 narrowly-hooded chaetae per fascicle (sensu Fitzhugh 1989) in chaetigers 9–11 ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 D, 4 D). Abdominal notopodial chaetae acicular “palmate” uncini 1–2 per chaetiger, similar in form to neurochaetae of chaetiger 2 ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 H, 4 D). Abdomen is extremely fragile and the body wall has ruptured. Faecal groove ascends dorsally from approximately chaetiger 7. A pair of dense cilia bands line faecal groove sides ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 F) (see Fitzhugh & Rouse 1999). Position of the faecal groove posterior to chaetiger 7 indistinct.

Four pairs of posterior ventral shields over chaetigers 8–11. Glandular patches occur ventrally on chaetigers 1 –5, 7– 8, and 9–11. Anus opens antero-dorsally on pygidium. Pygidial eyespots absent. Holotype simultaneous hermaphrodite; paired sperm ducts in chaetiger 8 that appear to terminate dorsally at faecal groove, anterior to notochaetae. Clusters of large numbers of spermatids occur within these ducts, in chaetiger 8. Oocytes only in chaetiger 9. Two juveniles associated with holotype, closely adpressed to dorsal surface of 7 th chaetiger, branchial crowns absent, 0.36 mm and 0.39 mm in length respectively. Both juveniles with five chaetigers, as follows:

Chaetiger 1: 2 capillary notochaetae (1 large and 1 small; edges feathery).

Chaetiger 2: 2 capillary notochaetae (1 large and 1 small) + 1 large erect “palmate” uncinus in neurochaetal position.

Chaetiger 3–5: 2 capillary notochaetae (1 large and 1 small) + 1 small erect “palmate” uncinus in neurochaetal position.

Variations/Remarks. Specimens exhibit different degrees of torsion of the body and there is a large variation in the degree of elongation/contraction longitudinally. All specimens are fragile, with thin body walls that are easily damaged. There is some variation in the number of rasp-shaped uncini per row on chaetiger 7, ranging from 50–56 uncini. The variation in the number of rasp-shaped uncini per row on chaetiger 8 is 11– 15. Some specimens (AM W 29453 View Materials , W 29457 View Materials ) have two large palmate uncini per fascicle in the 2 nd chaetiger. The presence of “palmate” uncini in chaetiger 2 is a unique feature for T. hutchingsae   sp. nov., and are absent from the two other known species of Terebrasabella   . The expanded lateral teeth of the acicular uncini is a feature shared with T. heterouncinata   . The “palmate” uncini of T. hutchingsae   sp. nov., and the rows of avicular uncini in chaetigers 7–8 of all Terebrasabella   spp. are remarkable and unlike any other sabellids, except for Caobangia   spp. ( Jones 1974). Further investigation is required to properly assess this homology hypothesis, but Fitzhugh (2003) does suggest a sister group relationship with Caobangia   for Terebrasabella   . The fact the “palmate” uncini of T. hutchingsae   sp. nov., have two lateral teeth that are very enlarged shows some similarities to the acicular uncini of chaetigers 3–6 and to those of T. heterouncinata   . On some specimens, the faecal groove appears to bifurcate on chaetiger 8, and each groove descends, traversing around the body to the midline on the ventrum.

Distribution. Recorded only from Outer Yonge Reef on the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Etymology. Terebrasabella hutchingsae   sp. nov., is named after Dr Pat Hutchings, co-collector of the specimens of this species, and mentor to both of us.