Thereus, Hubner, 1819

Cock, Matthew J. W. & Robbins, Robert K., 2016, Annotated checklist and biogeographic composition of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) of Trinidad, West Indies, Insecta Mundi 2016 (506), pp. 1-33: 8-9

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5353382

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:37A7668A-0D83-4DB0-BD28-C36302F18398

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03DB5B67-4179-FFD1-86AC-FF0A89C50465

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Thereus
status

 

Thereus   section

Thereus cithonius (Godart, [1824])  

Tmolus comana (Hewitson)   : Kaye (1940, no. 217b), Barcant (1970, no. 299) [synonym]

Noreena comana (Hewitson)   : Johnson (1989a) [synonym]

Transandean and Amazonian Region

Thereus enenia (Hewitson, 1867)  

New island record collected by J.O. Boos (Cat’s Hill, Dec 1979, in MJWC)   ; also collected by F.C. Urich.

Amazonian Region

Thereus pedusa (Hewitson, 1867)  

New island record collected by F.C. Urich, M.J.W. Cock (♂, Las Lomas, Jan 1982; ♂, Parrylands, Nov 1981) and J. and F. Preston   .

Transandean and Amazonian Region

Thereus lausus (Cramer, 1779)  

Thecla lausus (Cramer)   : Barcant (1970, no. 371)

Transandean and Amazonian Region

Thereus ortalus (Godman and Salvin, 1887)  

New island record collected by S. Alston-Smith (♂, Rio Claro – Guayaguayare Road, Oct 1995).

Transandean and Amazonian Region

Thereus tiasa (Hewitson, 1869)   group

New island record collected by S. Alston-Smith (♀, Sangre Grande, Sep 1980) and M.J.W. Cock (♀, Inniss Field, Oct 1994). No males have been found as yet, for which reason this identification is tentative.

Amazonian Region

Rekoa meton (Cramer, 1779)  

Thecla meton (Cramer)   : Crowfoot (1893, no. 133)

Rekoa meton (Cramer)   : Kaye (1904, no. 167), Kaye (1921, no. 246), Barcant (1970, no. 357), Robbins (1991), D’Abrera (1995, p. 1249), Warren et al. (2015)

Transandean and Amazonian Region

Rekoa palegon (Cramer, 1780)  

Thecla palegon (Cramer)   : Crowfoot (1893, no. 136), Comstock (1914)

Tmolus palegon (Cramer)   : Kaye (1904, no. 151)

Rekoa palegon (Cramer)   : Kaye (1940, no. 246a), Barcant (1970, no. 358), Robbins (1991), D’Abrera (1995, p. 1249), Beccaloni et al. (2008), Geerah and Rutherford (2015), Warren et al. (2015)

Thecla palegon (Cramer)   : Cruttwell (1974)

Thecla (Rekoa) myrtillus (Stoll)   : Cock (1981b) [synonym]

Thecla (Rekoa) palegon (Cramer)   : Cock (1982)

Transandean and Amazonian Region

Rekoa marius (Lucas, 1857)  

Calycopis spurina (Hewitson)   : Kaye (1940, no. 235a) [synonym]

Thecla zebina (Hewitson)   : Kaye (1940, no. 247c) [misidentification], Barcant (1970, no. 370) [misidentification, part]

Siderus voltinia (Hewitson)   : Barcant (1970, no. 345) [misidentification, part]

Thecla ericusa (Hewitson)   : Johnson (1989a) [synonym]

Thecla   ericusa (Hewitson)   : Robbins and Aiello (1982) [synonym]

Rekoa marius (Lucas)   : Robbins (1991), Beccaloni et al. (2008), Warren et al. (2015)

Rekoa zebina   is a Central American species that resembles R. marius   and R. stagira (Hewitson) ( Robbins 1991)   . Kaye’s (1940) original report was based on two specimens collected by F.W. Jackson (St Joseph 5.iv.1922; Balata Hill 28.iii.1922) but these have not been located in BMNH (main sequence) or OMNH. The series in Barcant’s collection appears to comprise seven R. marius   and two R. stagira   , but the specimen illustrated ( Barcant 1970, plate 28.24) is not in his collection now.

Transandean and Amazonian Region

Rekoa stagira (Hewitson, 1867)  

Thecla stagira Hewitson   : Crowfoot (1893, no. 147)

Tmolus stagira Hewitson   : Kaye (1904, no. 145, citing Crowfoot (1893))

Siderus voltinia (Hewitson)   : Barcant (1970, no. 345) [misidentification, part]

Thecla zebina (Hewitson)   : Barcant (1970, no. 370) [misidentification, part]

Rekoa stagira (Hewitson)   : Robbins (1991), D’Abrera (1995, p. 1250), Sookdeo (2013), Warren et al. (2015)

S. voltinia   is a synonym of Kolana ergina (Hewitson) ( Robbins 2004)   , and we assume that represents Kaye’s (1921) use of the name. In his collection, Barcant curated what appear to be four Rekoa stagira   and five R. marius   as Siderus voltinia   . The specimen illustrated ( Barcant 1970, plate 28.24) is a male R. stagira   in his collection.

Transandean and Amazonian Region

Arawacus lincoides (Draudt, 1917)  

Not previously recorded from Trinidad, but included on the basis of a specimen from Matura in USNM and more recent captures on Chacachacare Island by S. Alston-Smith.

Transandean Region

Arawacus aetolus (Sulzer, 1776)  

Thecla linus (Fabricius)   : Crowfoot (1893, no. 134), Longstaff (1912) [synonym]

Arawacus linus (Fabricius)   : Kaye (1904, no. 163), Guppy (1904), Kaye (1921, no. 247), Barcant (1970, no. 353), Lewis (1974, plate 66.9) [synonym]

Arawacus aetolus (Sulzer)   : D’Abrera (1995, p. 1134 –35), Geerah and Rutherford (2015)

Arawacus aetolus aetolus (Sulzer)   : Robbins and Aiello (1982)

Amazonian Region

Arawacus dolylas (Cramer, 1777)  

Thecla spurius (C. Felder and R. Felder)   : Longstaff (1912) [synonym]

Rekoa dolylas (Cramer)   : Kaye (1914), Kaye (1940, no. 246b), Barcant (1970, no. 359)

Tigrinota pallida (Lathy)   : Johnson (1992) [synonym]

Tigrinota spurius (C. Felder and R. Felder)   : Johnson (1993b) [synonym]

Tigrinota dolosa (Staudinger)   : Johnson (1993b) [synonym]

Transandean and Amazonian Region

Arawacus dumenilii (Godart, [1824])  

Thecla argiva Hewitson   : Crowfoot (1893, no. 135) [synonym]

Polyniphes dumenilii (Godart)   : Kaye (1904, no. 140), Longstaff (1912), Kaye (1921, no. 254), Barcant (1970, no. 354, incorrectly attributed to Kaye’s authorship, but Kaye (1904) actually described the genus Polyniphes   ), Lewis (1974, plate 67.24)

Arawacus dumenilii (Godart)   : Warren et al. (2015)

Transandean and Amazonian Region

Kolana ergina (Hewitson, 1867)  

Thecla ergina Hewitson   : Crowfoot (1893, no. 143)

Tmolus ergina (Hewitson)   : Kaye (1904, no. 147, citing Crowfoot (1893))

Siderus voltinia (Hewitson)   : Kaye (1921, no. 240) [synonym]

Calycopis ergina (Hew.)   : Kaye (1921, no. 225) Barcant (1970, no. 312) [based on Crowfoot (1893)]

Calycopis socia (Hewitson)   : Barcant (1970, no. 313) [misidentification]

In his collection, Barcant had no specimens as C. ergina   , whereas he curated 4– 5 specimens of K. ergina   as C. socia   .

Amazonian Region

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Lycaenidae

Loc

Thereus

Cock, Matthew J. W. & Robbins, Robert K. 2016
2016
Loc

Rekoa stagira (Hewitson)

D'Abrera, B. 1995: 1250
1995
Loc

Arawacus aetolus (Sulzer)

D'Abrera, B. 1995: 1134
1995