Nemopterella africana (Leach, 1815)

Abdalla, Ishtiag H., Mansell, Mervyn W. & Sole, Catherine L., 2019, Revision of the southern African genera Nemopterella Banks and Nemia Navás (Neuroptera: Nemopteridae: Nemopterinae), with descriptions of new genera and species, Zootaxa 4635 (1), pp. 1-89: 9-10

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4635.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E1AC3BD4-6FCB-49F9-8069-624760C2CAF7

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03DBDF51-A751-FFBA-FF0D-FF1C36A55D24

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nemopterella africana (Leach, 1815)
status

 

Nemopterella africana (Leach, 1815)  

( Figs 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 View FIGURES 3–7 , 8, 9, 10 View FIGURES 8–10 , 11 View FIGURE 11 , 14 View FIGURES 14–15 , 17 View FIGURES 17–19 , 31 View FIGURES 30–31 )

Synonymy

Nemopteryx africana Leach, 1815: 74   .

Nemoptera africana (Leach)   : Westwood 1836: 75.

Nemoptera bacillaris Klug, 1836: 95   ; Walker 1853: 474.

Nematoptera bacillaris (Klug)   : Burmeister 1839: 986.

Nematoptera latipennis Burmeister, 1839: 986   ; Westwood 1841: 12.

Nematoptera africana (Leach)   : Westwood 1841: 12.

Halter africanus (Leach)   : Kirby 1900: 458.

Eretmoptera africana (Leach)   : Navás 1910: 359.

Nemopterella africana (Leach)   : Navás 1912: 9.

Nemeva africana (Leach)   : Navás 1915: 35.

Type locality. South Africa, Western Cape Province. Worcester , 33°38’23’’S 19°26’41’’E GoogleMaps   .

Type depository. BMNH   .

Etymology. Unknown, most likely from the word Africa because the species originates from Africa.

Diagnosis. Nemopterella africana   is externally similar to N. kabas   sp. nov. It resembles N. kabas   by having the same body patterns ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 ). However, N. africana   can easily be distinguished from N. kabas   by a combination of the following characteristics: N. africana   is characterised by slender forewings with short rounded tip ( Figs 11 View FIGURE 11 , 17 View FIGURES 17–19 ) while in N. kabas   the forewings are broader and taper towards acute apex ( Figs 13 View FIGURE 13 , 18 View FIGURES 17–19 ). Also, N. africana   has shaded costal cells beyond pterostigma ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 17–19 ) while in N. kabas   the costal cells are not shaded ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 17–19 ). Moreover, N. africana   has brown-tinged subcostal and radial areas ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 17–19 ) while in N. kabas   the subcostal and radial areas are not tinged ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 17–19 ). Vertex in N. africana   bears two dark transverse sub-triangular spots along the postfrontal suture ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 3–7 ) while the transverse spots in N. kabas   are yellow ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 ). In addition, the male antennae in N. africana   are long, extending beyond pterostigma and are approximately same length as forewing while in N. kabas   the antennae are very long, longer than forewing.

Size (mm). Male: body length 9.7 (7–12.7); forewing 24.7 (20.5–27.6); hind wing 54.0 (42.4–61.8); antenna 17.6 (15.5–25.1). Female: body length 11.2 (8.7–15.1); forewing 25.3 (17.5–25.8); hind wing 50.1 (34.5–58.8); antenna 13.4 (14.5–19.8). (N = 143)

Type material. Holotype ♀ (not examined).

Material examined. SOUTH AFRICA, Western Cape Province, 22♀, NEUR09680   , Doornfontein Farm, Tan- qua Karoo , 32°35’S 19°33’E, 20–21.x. 2006, 432 m, A.K.Brinkman GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, NEUR09681   , Dwarsrivier Farm, Clan- william Dist. , 32°13’S 18°59’E, 26–27.x. 2006, 337 m, A.K.Brinkman GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ 1♀, NEUR02145   , Sanddrift Farm, Cedarberg Mts. , 32°29’S 19°16’E, 19–24.xii.1994, E.Grobbelaar, Collected at light GoogleMaps   ; 2♂ 4♀, NEUR00419   , Cit- rusdal, [32°35’24’’S 19°00’4’’E], M.v.d. Berg, 12.xi.1981, ACH1184 View Materials GoogleMaps   , Gevang by ligval / Nemopterella africana (Leach)   , det. M.W.Mansell   ; 1♂ 5♀, NEUR00701   , Biedouw Farm, Biedouw Valley , 32°08’S 19°14’E, 29.ix.1986, M.W.Mansell, J.H.Hoffmann / Collected at light GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, NEUR11193   , Clanwilliam, Owls Hoot B&B, 32°10’12’’S 18°53’52’’E, 87 m, 18.xi.2001, M.W.Mansell, J.B.Ball GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, NEUR11809   , Kelkiewyn Farm, Calvinia District , 31°12’01’’S 19°41’33’’E, 25.x. 2011, 681 m, C.H.Scholtz GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ 7♀, NEUR09922   , same locality and collector, but 1–3.xii.2008 / At light   ; 2♀, NEUR12305   , Sarisam Farm , 30°34’50’’S 17°32’15’’E, 3–6.xii.2013, R.D.Stephen (All SANC) GoogleMaps   . 1♂ 1♀, SAM–NEU–A001248, Bulhoek , CLW. [Clanwilliam], [32°00’03’’S 18°46’43’’E], S.A. M., 12.56 / Nemopterella africana (Leach)   , det. Bo Tjeder, 1965 GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, SAM–NEU–A001247 / Upper Source Olifants River, Ceres , [33°22’00’’S 19°19’00’’E] / Nemopterella africana (Leach)   , det. Bo Tjeder, 1965 (All SAMC) GoogleMaps   . 2♂ 1♀, TMSA00736 View Materials   and 5♀, TMSA00764 View Materials   , Diepkloof Farm near Clanwilliam , [32°01’32’’S 18°51’20’’E], 12.xii.03, to M.V. light, Farm staff / Nemopterella africana (Leach, 1815)   GoogleMaps   ♀, Det. M.W.Mansell 2013 (All TMSA)   . Northern Cape Province, 1♀, TMSA02059 View Materials   , Lekkersing [29°00’06’’S 17°05’58’’E], 17.xi.1933, G.van Son / Nemopterella africana (Leach)   , det. Bo Tjeder, 1965 ( TMSA) GoogleMaps   ; 19♂ 24♀, NEUR01471   , Concordia , 29°32’41’’S 17°56’04’’E, 1000 m, 9–10.xi.1990, M.W.Mansell, R.B.Miller, L.A.Stange / Collected at light ( SANC) GoogleMaps   . 2♀, SAM–NEU–A001246 / Aggeneys, Bushmanland, Btw Springbok and Pella [29°11’S 18°50’E] / Nemopterella africana (Leach)   , det. Bo Tjeder, 1966 ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   . 4♂ 1♀, NEUR02142   , Kliprand 40 km S., 30°58’S 18°40’E, 400 m, 3.xii.1988, M.D.Picker ( SANC) GoogleMaps   . NAMIBIA, Karas Region. 16♂ 16♀, NEUR08900   , Diamond Area no. 1, Klinghardtberge , 27°19’S 15°46’E, (2715 Bd), 20 / 21.x.1974, M.W.Mansell / Collected at mercury vapour light, arid rock terrain ( SANC) GoogleMaps   .

Distribution and habitat. This species has a wide distribution but is endemic to South Africa and Namibia ( Fig. 31 View FIGURES 30–31 ). In South Africa, the species is known from the Northern and Western Cape Provinces in localities mainly centred in the Succulent Karoo, Nama Karoo and Fynbos Biomes. In the Succulent Karoo, the species has been reported from the Rainshadow Valley Karoo Bioregion occurring in the Tankwa Karoo and Agter-Sederberg Shrubland vegetation units ( Mucina & Rutherford 2006). Both regions are dry, characterised by winter rains. The former unit is dominated by scattered dwarf succulent shrubs while the latter is vegetated mostly with tall shrubs of a mixture of succulent and non-succulent elements. The species has also been recorded from the Namaqualand Hardeveld and Strandveld Bioregions, where it seems to be associated with two different vegetation units: Namaqualand Blomveld and Namaqualand Strandveld. The habitat in the former unit is represented by sparse dwarf shrubs with succulent or ericoid leaves, while in the latter it is dominated by low shrubs of creeping succulents, and perennial plants when there is rain. Nemopterella africana   has also been recorded from the Richtersveld Bioregion where the species has been found associated with Lekkersing Succulent shrubs. (The description of the habitat in this unit is given under the distribution of A. sabuleti   ). Within the Fynbos Biome, the range of distribution is centred in the Olifants Sandstone Fynbos and the Sandstone Fynbos Bioregions. In the former bioregion, the species is associated with the Sandstone Fynbos vegetation unit where the habitat is predominated by proteoid and restioid fynbos with mixtures of Cape thicket, asteraceous fynbos and tall shrubs. In the latter bioregion, the species seems to be associated with the Cederberg Sandstone Fynbos vegetation unit. The habitat in this unit is represented by asteraceous, restioid and proteoid fynbos ( Mucina & Rutherford 2006). Another population has been collected from the Shale Renosterveld and Sand Fynbos Bioregions where the species is associated with Ceres Shale Renosterveld and Leipoldtville Sand Fynbos vegetation types ( Mucina & Rutherford 2006). In the Nama Karoo, the collection localities fall mainly within the Bushmanland Sandy Grassland in the Bushmanland Bioregion. (See the description of the habitat in this vegetation unit under the distribution of A. munroi   ). In Namibia, the distribution is known only from the extension of the Succulent Karoo Biome in southern Namibia. It is a dry region represented by succulent vegetation and predominantly receives winter rains.

SANC

Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town

TMSA

Transvaal Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Neuroptera

Family

Nemopteridae

Genus

Nemopterella

Loc

Nemopterella africana (Leach, 1815)

Abdalla, Ishtiag H., Mansell, Mervyn W. & Sole, Catherine L. 2019
2019
Loc

Nemeva africana

Navas, L. 1915: 35
1915
Loc

Nemopterella africana

Navas, L. 1912: 9
1912
Loc

Eretmoptera africana

Navas, L. 1910: 359
1910
Loc

Halter africanus

Kirby, W. F. 1900: 458
1900
Loc

Nematoptera africana

Westwood, J. O. 1841: 12
1841
Loc

Nematoptera bacillaris

Burmeister, H. C. C. 1839: 986
1839
Loc

Nematoptera latipennis

Westwood, J. O. 1841: 12
Burmeister, H. C. C. 1839: 986
1839
Loc

Nemoptera africana

Westwood, J. O. 1836: 75
1836
Loc

Nemoptera bacillaris

Walker, F. 1853: 474
Klug, J. C. F. 1836: 95
1836