Megacyllene melanaspis ( Chevrolat, 1862 )

Botero, Juan Pablo, Santos-Silva, Antonio & Wappes, James E., 2019, New species, a new combination, and a new country record in American Clytini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae), Insecta Mundi 697, pp. 1-19: 6-8

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3670544

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:34244EAD-90B0-4BB1-B461-87225480E25E

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3671465

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03DD2A06-FFA7-FF8D-FF57-F8EDFCBF2272

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Megacyllene melanaspis ( Chevrolat, 1862 )
status

 

Megacyllene melanaspis ( Chevrolat, 1862)  

( Fig. 22–26 View Figures 22–28 )

Cyllene menalaspis Chevrolat, 1862: 378   ; Aurivillius 1912: 385 (cat.); Blackwelder 1946: 581 (checklist).

Cyllene melanaspis   ; Lucas 1862: XCI; Lacordaire 1869: 62.

Clytus melanaspis   ; Gemminger 1872: 2932 (cat.).

Megacyllene melanaspis   ; Monné 1993: 8 (cat.); Martínez 2000: 86 (distr.); Monné et al. 2012: 10 (distr.); Monné and Chaboo 2015: 47 (distr.); Monné 2018: 131 (cat.).

Megacyllene (Megacyllene) melanaspis   ; Monné and Giesbert 1994: 112 (checklist); Monné 2005: 91 (cat.); Monné and Hovore 2006: 43 (checklist).

Megacyllene menalaspis   ; Martins and Galileo 2011: 72.

Chevrolat (1862) described Cyllene menalaspis   in his work named “Description de Clytides de l’ancienne Colombie [Description of Clytides from ancient Colombia].” According to him (translated): “I continue this work [ Chevrolat 1860], occupying myself for the moment only those who come from the old Colombia, forming today, as we know, three distinct states: New Granada, Venezuela and Ecuador.” Cyllene menalaspis   was described from New Granada, a country that has been reported to be Colombia (e.g. Monné 2018). However , at that time New Grenada encompassed part of Panama as well as Colombia (see discussion detailing this in Santos-Silva and Botero (2018: 5)) accordingly, the correct type locality for Cyllene menalaspis   is New Granada.

Lacordaire (1869) listed: “ Cyll. melanaspis   , elongata   , crinicornis   , caracasensis, Chevrol. Ann.   d. l. Soc. entom. 1861, p. 378; Colombie.” He changed Cyllene menalaspis   to C. melanaspis   without explanation. Furthermore, C. menalaspis   was not described from Colombia, C. elongata   was described from Venezuela on page 379, C. crinicornis   was listed on page 380 as a new record for Venezuela, and C. caracasensis   was described from Venezuela on page 380. This name change was repeated by Gemminger (1872) who also listed the species as C. melanaspis   without explanation. Subsequently, the species was also referred to as C. menalaspis   by Aurivillius (1912) and Blackwelder (1946). In Monné (1993) and henceforth the species has been listed as C. melanaspis   , except for Martins and Galileo (2011), who listed the species as C. menalaspis   . We believe that Chevrolat (1862) really intended to name the species “ melanaspis   ”, meaning dark shield, and C. menalaspis   is simply a printer’s error. On page XCVII of the same volume of the “Annales de la Société Entomologique de France ” the name appears as “ melanaspis   ”. Thus, this can be considered the first correction of the spelling of a name ( ICZN 1999: 32.5.1), and not in Lacordaire (1869). Accordingly, the author of the justified emendation is H. Lucas (1862) (see “Annales de la Société Entomologique de France ”, 1862, page XCI): “Mr. H. Lucas, assistant secretary, has, as in previous years, since 1860, to be in charge of drawing up this table as well as that of the Authors.”

Based on the material available to us, Megacyllene melanaspis   and Megacyllene proxima   are sympatric throughout their known distribution in Bolivia. Although, M. melanaspis   is encountered more commonly in higher elevations than M. proxima   while the opposite is true in mid to lower elevations. Both have been collected on blossoms of woody plants and taken beating or crawling on fresh cut wood in agricultural cuts. The two species can be readily separated by their yellow pubescent pattern of the elytra. Both species have a similar transverse basal fascia with M. melanaspis   then having three paired subcircular fascia down the suture ( Fig. 22, 25 View Figures 22–28 ) while M. proxima   has four ( Fig. 27–28 View Figures 22–28 ).

Currently, M. melanaspis   ( Fig. 22–26 View Figures 22–28 ) is known from Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Peru ( Monné 2018). To this, Bolivia ( Fig. 29 View Figure 29 ) is added as a new country record.

Material examined. Megacyllene melanaspis   : PERU, Junín: Pampa Hermosa Lodge (22 km N San Ramon, 1220 m, 10°59.3′S / 75°25.5′W), 1 female, 24–27.XI.2007, D. Brzoska col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   Chanchamayo , 1 male, 9-12.VIII.1963, Caballero col. ( MZSP). GoogleMaps   Ucayali: Pucallpa , 1 female, VI.1974, no collector indicated ( MZSP).   COLOMBIA, Cundinamarca: Viotá , 1 female, no date indicated, H. Apol. col. ( MZSP)   . BOLIVIA ( Fig. 29 View Figure 29 ) (New country record), Santa Cruz: Road to Amboró above Achira , 3 males, 2 females, 10-11.X.2006, Wappes , Nearns, and Eya col. ( ACMT);   1 male, 14–15.X.2006, Wappes , Nearns, and Eya col. ( MZSP); GoogleMaps   above Achira (Rd to Floripondio ; 1900 m; 18°09′S / 63°47′W), 1 female, 10.XII.2011, Wappes , Bonaso, and Morris col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   1 male, 1 female, 19.XII.2011, Wappes , Lingafelter and Woodley col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   2 males, 29.XI.2013, Konstantinov col. ( SLPC); GoogleMaps   1 male, 2 females, 29.XI.2013, Woodley col. ( SLPC): GoogleMaps   1 female, 19.XII.2011, Lingafelter col. ( SLPC); GoogleMaps   2 males, 4 females, 19.XII.2011, Woodley col. ( SLPC); 4–5 km N Achira (rd to Floripondio ; 18°09′S / 63°47′W, 6350′), GoogleMaps   1 female, 15.IX.2012, Wappes, Skelley , Bonaso, and Hamel col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   1 female, 10.XII.2011, Morris and Wappes col. ( RFMC); GoogleMaps   4–6 km N Achira (5400–5800′), 1 female, 20.XI.2003, Wappes , Morris, and Nearns col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   Achira (ridge rd to Amboró ; 18°07′S / 63°48′W, 2000 m), 1 female, 24–25.I.2007, Wappes and Lingafelter col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   Achira area (N rd to Amboró, on Achira ridge; 18°19′S / 63°48′W), 1 female, 5–6.II.2013, Wappes, Bonaso , Lingafelter and Garzon col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   Amboró (rd above Achira Campo, 5-5800′), 1 female, 9–11.X.2004, Morris and Wappes col. ( RFMC); GoogleMaps   1 male, 27–28.X.2011, Skillman and Wappes Col. ( FWSC) GoogleMaps   ; Pvc . Florida, Floripondio (west), 18°08’S, 63°45’W, 1880 m, 1 male, 25.XI.2004, on/flying to fresh cut trees, Clarke col. ( RCSZ); GoogleMaps   Florida prov. (16 km NE Mairana; 6600′; 18°05′S / 63°54′W), 1 female, 11.XII.2011, Wappes , Bonaso, and L. Sekerka col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   above Achira Campo (road to Amboró, Vicoquin area , 18°07′S / 63°48′W), 1 female, 11.XI.2012, Bonaso and Windsor col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   Refugio los Volcanes , 18°06′24″S, 63°35′55″W, 1056 m, 20.XII.2016, R. Perger col. ( CBFL); GoogleMaps   1 female, 8.XI.2017, Lingafelter col. ( SLPC). GoogleMaps  

Megacyllene proxima   : BOLIVIA ( Fig. 29 View Figure 29 ), Cochabamba, N. of Cristal Mayu, 19.X.2011, Skillman and Wappes col. ( FWSC);   2 males, Wappes and Skillman col. ( ACMT);   Santa Cruz, Florida, 4 km N. Bermejo, Refugio Los Volcanes , 18°06′S, 63°36′W, 1000–1200 m, 7.XII.2013, Skillman and Wappes col. ( FWSC); GoogleMaps   10.XII.2015, Skillman and Wappes col. ( FWSC); GoogleMaps   12.XII.2011, Skillman and Wappes col. ( FWSC); GoogleMaps   1 male, 18–20.IX.2012, Wappes, Skelley , Bonaso and Hamel col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   1 male, 18–22.I.2006, Wappes and Lingafelter col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   1 male, 2 females, 3.XI.2017, Lingafelter col. ( SLPC); GoogleMaps   5 males, 1 female, 6–10. III.2011, Wappes and Thomas col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   1 female, 1350 m, 9–12.XII.2011, Morris and Wappes col. ( RFMC); GoogleMaps   1 male, 2 females, 1350 m, 18–24.X.2014, Morris and Wappes col. ( RFMC); GoogleMaps   1 female, Florida Prv., Vicoquin area above Achira , chaco, 1730 m, 22–25.I.2007, Wappes , Lingafelter and Prena col. ( ACMT); GoogleMaps   1 male, 1 female, 19.XII.2011, N. Woodley col. ( SLPC); GoogleMaps   2 males, 2 females, 22–25.I.2007, Lingafelter , Wappes and Prena col. ( SLPC); GoogleMaps   1 female, 19.XII.2011, Lingafelter col. ( SLPC); GoogleMaps   Pvc. Florida, Floripondio (west), 18°08′S, 63°45′W, 1880 m, 1 male, 1 female, 1.XI.2009, on/flying to flowers of Sagüintillo, Clarke col. ( RCSZ); GoogleMaps   1 female, 1.XI.2009, flying to fresh cut trees, Clarke col. ( RCSZ); GoogleMaps   1 male, 25.XI.2004, Clarke col. ( RCSZ); GoogleMaps   18°08′S, 63°44′W, Floripondio (east), 1 female, on/flying to flowers of Sotillo, 16.XI.2009, Clarke col. ( RCSZ); GoogleMaps   1 female, 27.XI2009, Clarke col. ( RCSZ); 1 female, 18°09′S, 63°47′W, 10.XII.2011, Morris and Wappes col. ( RFMC); GoogleMaps   La Hoyado (above Agua Clara ), 2 females, 19.XI.2003, Morris , Nearns and Wappes col. ( RFMC). GoogleMaps   PERU, Madre de Dios, 1 female, 10-13.XI.2007, Amazonas Lodge (N-Atalaya), 480 m, 12°52.2′S, 71°22.6′W, D. Brzoska col. ( ACMT). GoogleMaps  

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Cerambycidae

Genus

Megacyllene

Loc

Megacyllene melanaspis ( Chevrolat, 1862 )

Botero, Juan Pablo, Santos-Silva, Antonio & Wappes, James E. 2019
2019
Loc

Megacyllene menalaspis

Martins, U. R. & M. H. M. Galileo 2011: 72
2011
Loc

Megacyllene (Megacyllene) melanaspis

Monne, M. A. & F. T. Hovore 2006: 43
Monne, M. A. 2005: 91
Monne, M. A. & E. F. Giesbert 1994: 112
1994
Loc

Megacyllene melanaspis

Monne, M. A. 2018: 131
Monne, M. A. & C. S. Chaboo 2015: 47
Monne, M. A. & E. H. Nearns & S. H. Carbonel Carril & I. P. Swift & M. L. Monne 2012: 10
Martinez, C. 2000: 86
Monne, M. A. 1993: 8
1993
Loc

Clytus melanaspis

Gemminger, M. 1872: 2932
1872
Loc

Cyllene melanaspis

Lacordaire, J. T. 1869: 62
1869
Loc

Cyllene menalaspis

Blackwelder, R. E. 1946: 581
Aurivillius, C. 1912: 385
Chevrolat, L. A. 1862: 378
1862