Lasiocampa grandis (Rogenhofer, 1891), Rogenhofer, 1891

Zolotuhin, Vadim V. & Zahiri, Reza, 2008, The Lasiocampidae of Iran (Lepidoptera), Zootaxa 1791, pp. 1-52: 33-36

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http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.274319

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scientific name

Lasiocampa grandis (Rogenhofer, 1891)
status

 

Lasiocampa grandis (Rogenhofer, 1891)  

Gastropacha trifolii   E. var. grandis Rogenhofer, 1891   , Verz. Ges. Wien 41: 86. TL: Syrien. Types: males and female [not found].

Bombyx Salomonis Staudinger, 1891   [1892], Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 4: 259. TL: Akbes, Syria. Syntypes: males and females ( ZMHU).

Bombyx Salomonis   ab. Sapiens Staudinger, 1891 [1892], Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 4: 259. TL: [Akbes, Syria]. Syntypes: males, female ( ZMHU).

References: Rajabi 1986: 168–169; Modarres Awal 1994 & 1997: 208.

Distribution (Map 25): southern Europe (Balkans) to Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq and southern Armenia. -

In Iran: Kermanshah, Lorestan and Qazvin provinces [Rajabi (1986) also notes Kerman province].

Bionomics. The species is univoltine throughout its range. Flight period July to August; collected in Armenia

on 15–16.IX 1975. Inhabits lowlands to high altitudes (up to 3000 m); more typical of arid biotopes and low-

lands. Larvae are polyphagous and recorded from various plants. Rajabi (1986) lists Amygdalus   and Cratae-

gus and Modarres Awal (1994 & 1997) adds “sloe tree” ( Prunus spinosa   : Rosaceae   ) as host plants in Iran.

Pupation in parchment-like cocoon on the soil or on bark. Eggs hibernate.

Material Examined: ( HMIM): Kermanshah: Biston, 31.VII. 1974,.;Chaharzebar-e-Olya, Mahidasht, 1500,

21.VIII. 1996, leg. Parchami, Barari & Nazari V. Lorestan: Gahar Lake, Oshtorankuh, 2350 m, 31.VII. 1975,

leg. Pazuki A.; Kamandan, Azna, 2050–2800 m, 1–2.VII. 1990, leg. Hashemi & Ebrahimi. Qazvin: Taleghan,

2200 m, 26–31.VII. 1976, leg. Kavian.

Chilena Walker, 1855  

List spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 5: 979 (key), 1070. Type-species: Chilena similis Walker, 1855   , ibid. 5: 1071, by monotypy.

MAP 25. Lasiocampa grandis (Rogenhofer, 1891)   .

Chilena sordida (Erschoff, 1874)  

Lasiocampa sordida Erschoff, 1874   , in Fedtschenko's Reise: 36, pl. 2, fig. 33, pl. 6, fig. 95. TL: Turkestan. Syntypes: males ( ZMMSU).

Chilena sordida cinerascens Oberthür, 1916   , Et. Lep. comp. 12: 341. TL: Jolatan. Syntype: male ( BMNH).

References: Barou 1967: 54; Kalali 1976: 132; Lajonquiére 1977: 288; Wiltshire 1982: 201; Modarres Awal

1994 & 1997: 208.

Distribution (Map 26): eastern Turkey, Iraq, Afghanistan, western Pakistan, Turkmenia, Uzbekistan,

Tajikistan, southern ans south-east Kazakhstan, Lower Volga Region of Russia. - In Iran: Khorasan, Qom,

Markazi, Qazvin, Guilan, Mazandaran, Golestan, Tehran, Semnan, Esfahan, Fars, Kerman, Bushehr, Hor-

mozgan, Sistan va Balouchestan provinces.

MAP 26. Chilena sordida (Erschoff, 1874)   superspecies complex.

Bionomics. The species is native to arid biotopes and occurs deep into the desert zone. Several (3–4) generations per year depending on altitude and weather conditions, and therefore on the wing practically all year round. From sea level to 1600 m. Pupae hibernate or estivate. Caterpillars olygophagous and feed on Alhagi persarum Boiss. et Buchse   , A. canescens Shap.   , A. camelorum   , A. maurorum   ( Fabaceae   = Leguminosae) and in southern Iran on Prosopis stephaniana (Wiltshire 1982)   . Modarres Awal (1994 & 1997: 208) listed screw bean ( Prosopis   sp.: Papilionaceae   ) as a host plant in Iran. Pupation in a strong, parchment-like whitish cocoon on the branches of food plant. There are several distinct species apparently under the name “ sordida Ersch   ”. These are indistinguishable in most cases by male genitalia but have distinct female genitalia. Because the taxonomy of the genus needs substantial revision, we provisionally consider populations of “ sordida   ” from Iran as s superspecies, and used the name sordida Erschoff   collectively in reference to them.

Material Examined: 3 males, Transcaspia, Tedshen ( ZISP); 4 males. 5 females, Transcaspia, Sumbar, 1894, leg. Herz ( ZISP); 1 male, Khodzha-Ulkan, Lajlakan, 24.V, Zarudnyj leg. ( ZISP); 1 male, Usun-Ada ( ZISP); 1 male, Min-bulak, 12.VII, Zarudnyj leg. ( ZISP); 1 female, Kamaj-Saraj, 18.VI, Zarudnyj leg. ( ZISP); 1 male, Persia, Beloudzhistan, Kalaposht Sarbaz, 25.II 1901 ( ZISP); 1 male, East Persia, Husseinabad, Seistan, 26 - 9.V 1901 ( ZISP); 1 male, Takhty-Kivat, 23.VII ( ZISP); 1 male, Persia, Serahs, 5.VIII [19] 26 ( ZISP); 1 male, Persia centr., Kerman, 16 km from Jiroft, 57 ° 37 ’L, 28 ° 41 ’B, 19.V 1977, leg. Sojak ( SMK); 2 males, Iran, Baloutchistan, Bender Tchahbahar, III 1938, coll. Brandt ( SMK); 1 male. Lacahom. 10.IX 1969, Merr Abai ( SMK); 30 males, S. Iran, Bandar-Abbas, 10 km N Minab, 30 m, 3.III 1973, G. Ebert leg. ( SMK); 6 males, N. Iran, Salzsee, 90 km S Tehran, 800 m, 18–23.VI 1969, H. G. Amsel leg. ( SMK); 2 males, Iran, Balutschistan, Khasch, 11 km NE Karvandar, 1300 m, 13.V 1972, leg. Ebert & Falkner ( SMK); 2 males, N. Iran, Salzsee, 90 km S Tehran, 800 m, 18–23.VI 1969, H.G.Amsel leg. ( ZFMK); 9 males, NO-Iran, 20 km O von Sabzawar, 20.VI 1963, leg. Kazy & Vartian ( NHMW); 1 male, N. Iran, Amol, 23.VII 1969, leg. Vartian ( NHMW);

6 males, 1 female, Hashtijan, 90 km S Gom, 1600 m, 20.VI 1970, leg. E. & A. Vartian ( NHMW); 1 female, S. Iran, 22 km N Bandar-Abbas, 9.IV 1972 ( NHMW); 1 male, N. Iran, 70 km suedl. Teheran, 1300 m, 29.V 1969, leg. Vartian ( NHMW); 12 males, 1 female, Iran, Prov. Semnan, 28 km S of Meyamei, 1550 m, 7.V 2000, leg. Szabo & Hentschel (MWM); 1 female, Iran, Prov. Fars, 12 km S Kazan, 2545 m, 1.V 2000, leg. Czabo & Hentschel (MWM). ( HMIM): Lacahom, leg. Abai M. Golestan: Gonbad, 15.V. 1967, leg..; Gonbad Qabus (Kavous), 0 m, 21.VI. 1974, leg. Pazuki & Rajabi; Sharlogh, Maraveh Tapeh, 1000 m, 25.VIII. 1984, leg. Mirzayans & Borumand; Sulgerd, Park-e-Melli Golestan, 1150 m, 16–18.VII. 1985, leg. Pazuki A.; Sulgerd, Park-e-Melli Golestan, 1150 m, 20–21.VII. 1996, leg. brahimi & Nazari V.; Sulgerd, Park-e-Melli Golestan, 1150 m, 23–24.VIII. 1984, leg. Mirzayans & Borumand; Tang-e-Gol, Park-e-Melli Golestan, 650 m, 24–27.VII. 1996, leg. Ebrahimi & Nazari V.; Tang-e-Gol, Park-e-Melli Golestan, 620 m, 27.VI. 1998, leg. Ata., Naz. & Hagh. Khorasan: Almeh, Park-e-Melli-Golestan, 1590 m, 19.VII. 1996, leg. Nazari V. & Ebrahimi; Bezangan (Bazangan), Daryache-e-Kolbibi, Sarakhs, 200 m, 08.IV. 1997, leg. Nazari V.; Birjand, 13 km N, 1960 m, 06.VI. 1977, leg. Safavi, Pazuki & Abai; Gonabad, 36 km N, 830 m, 07.VI. 1977, leg. Safavi, Pazuki & Abai; Kishi, 20 km SE Esfarayen, 1350 m, 16.VI. 1977, leg. Pazuki & Abai; Mazare-e-Astan-e-Ghods-e- Razavi, Unit 2, 280 m, 18–20.IV. 1997, leg. Badii, Barari & Sarafrazi; Neyshabur= Nischabour, 27.VII. 1971, leg. Pazuki & Ayatollahi. Semnan: Kashidar, N Sahahrud, 1250 m, 21.VIII. 1982, leg. Hashemi. Tehran: Aliabad, Pishva, Varamin, 950 m, 03.V. 1991, leg. Ebrahimi & Badii; Gheysarabad, Kahrizak, 1000 m, 22.V. 1993, leg. Parchami & Badii; Mohsenabad, Varamin, 800 m, 04–05.V. 1991, leg. Ebrahimi & Badii; Sade-Lar, Polur, Damavand, 2500 m, 07.– 08.VII 1.988, leg. Pazuki A.; Varamin, Tehran, 04.VIII. 1949, 14.VII. 1949, 01.VIII. 1949, 06.VIII. 1949 leg. Eghlidi. Qom: Qom, Lake Qom, 27.VI. 1969, leg. M. A. B.; Lake Qom, 26.V. 1970, leg. Abai M. Qazvin: Garggin, 03.VII. 1970, leg. Abai & Ayatolahi; Qazvin, 03.VIII. 1970, leg. Abai & Ayatolahi. Markazi: Tehran-Saveh, 12.VII. 1968, leg. Abai & Modj. Esfahan: Abuzeidabad-Kashan, 1 km N Road mid., Kandeh Gusfand, Tamarix Forest   , 940 m, 01.VI. 2005, leg. Fibiger M. & Zahiri R.; Karkas, 2900 m, 02.VI. 1970, leg. Mirzayans & Abai; Mashkan, Kashan, 820 m, 01.IX. 1978, leg. Hashemi & Zairi; Miameh, 35 km N, 2050 m, 06.VIII. 1978, leg. Pazuki & Borumand; Miameh, Delijan, 2000 m, 18.VI. 1984, leg. Pazuki & Hashemi. Fars: Baiza-Shiraz, V. 1951, leg. Mirzayans H.; Dasht-e-Arjan, Kazerun, 1900 m, 10.VI. 1973, leg. Abai M. Khuzestan: Albaji, 30 km N Ahvaz, 01.V. 1976, leg. Pazuki & Abai; Mollasani, Ahvaz, 20–100 m, 12.VI. 1974, leg. Zairi. Bushehr: Bagak (=Baghak), Ahram, 60 m, 19.IV. 1977, leg. Pazuki & Hashemi; Khalij-e-Nayband, Kangan, 0 m, 12.XII. 2004, leg. Mohaghegh & Ghayourfar. Hormozgan: Bandar-e-Charak, 5 km, 70 m, 24.IV. 1977, leg. Pazuki & Hashemi; Bandar-e-Khamir, 50–100 m, 04.III. 1986, leg. Mirzayans & Borumand; Gurband, Minab, 70 m, 05.III. 1978, leg. Pazuki A.; Konardan, 36 km E Gawbandi, 210 m, 23.IV. 1977, leg. Pazuki & Hashemi; Kuh-e-Geno, 550 m, 27.IV. 1977, leg. Pazuki & Hashemi; Kuh-e-Geno, Bagh Tang, 410 m, 07–08.V. 1977, leg. Pazuki A.; Minab, 03.III. 1973, leg. Ebert G.; Minab, 10 km N, 30 m, 03.III. 1973, leg. Ebert G. Kerman: Baft, Dareh Pahn, 1750 m, 21.V. 1977, leg. Safavi, Pazuki & Abai; Nough, Rafsanjan, 20.V. 1973, leg. Barkhordari Gh.; Rafsanjan, 1200 m, 29.IX. 1974, leg. Yazdan Panah; Shahdad, 670 m, 31.V. 1977, leg. Safavi, Pazuki & Abai. Sistan va Balouchestan: Bahoukalat, Rask, 04.IV. 1973, leg. Borumand & Safavi; Kuh-e-Khajeh, Zabol, 490 m, 03.VI. 1977, leg. Safavi, Pazuki & Abai; Nikshahr, 08– 10.IV. 1973, leg. Borumand & Safavi; Zabol, 01.VI. 1950, leg. Mirzayans H.; Zaboli, Sarbaz, 31.III. 1973, leg. Safavi & Borumand.

Chilena laristana Daniel, 1949  

Chilena laristana Daniel, 1949   , Mitt. Munchn. Ent. Ges. 35–39: 236, pl. 7, fig. 2. TL: Iran, Laristan, Strasse Bender Abbas - Sardabad. Holotype: male (MWM).

References: Daniel 1949: 236; de Lajonquiére 1977: 289; Wiltshire 1990: 104.

Distribution (Map 27): Northern Oman and eastern Saudi Arabia. - In Iran: Khorasan, Kerman, Hormozgan,

Bushehr, Fars, Kerman & Sistan va Balouchestan provinces.

MAP 27. Chilena laristana Daniel, 1949   .

Bionomics. Little is known about the biology of this species in Iran. In Saudi Arabia the larva feeds in April on Calligonum   sp. (Wiltshire 1990: 104). Female unknown. Systematic status unclear.

Material Examined: 1 male holotype, Iran, Laristan, Strasse Bender Abbas – Sardabad (MWM); 3 males, S. Iran, Hormozgan Prov., Beshagerd Mts., 26 ° 34 ’N, 57 ° 54 ’E, 900 m, 25.III – 5.IV 2000, leg. V. Siniaev & A. Plutenko (MWM); 2 males, Iran, Prov. Khorassan, 10 km W Mashad, 26–27.VI 2000, leg. K. Gasko (MWM). ( HMIM): Fars: Sivand, 10 km N Schiraz, 1700 m, 24.V. 1995, leg. Hashemi, Badii & Sarafrazi. Bushehr: Kangan, 10 m, 25.XI. 1998, leg. Ghayourfar, Barari & Mofidi. Hormozgan: Bandar Abbas- Minab, km 15, 150 m, 01.IV. 1973, leg. Abai M.; Bostano, Bandar-e-Langeh, 25.II. 1997, Nazari V.; Faryab, 05.III. 1972, leg. Mirzayans & Borumand; Gazir, 5 km N, Bandar-e-Lengeh, 500–750 m, 26.II. 1997, leg. Nazari V.; Geno, 450 m, 18.II. 1997, leg. Nazari V.; Geno, 450 m, 18.II. 1997, leg. Nazari V.; Geno Mt., 320 m, 14.VI. 1992, leg. Mirzayans & Badii; Ghir (Qir), Jazireh-e-Hengam, 03.III. 1999, leg. Ghayourfar & Manzari; Gurband, Minab, 70 m, 04.III. 1972, leg. Mirzayans & Borumand; Jazire-e-Farur, 0–20 m, 29–30.XI. 1998, leg. Mofidi, Barari & Ghayourfar; Jazire-e-Gheshm, Dulab, 05.III. 1999, leg. Ghayourfar & Manzari; Jazire-e-Hengam, 10 m, 04.III. 2002, leg. Hajesmailian, Sad. & Mofidi; Jazire-e-Hormoz, 0 m, 16.II. 2001, leg. Mofidi & Ebrahimi; Jazire-e-Larak, 23 m, 14.II. 2000, leg. Ebrahimi & Mofidi; Jazire-e-Lavan, 10 m, 16.II. 1999, leg. Mofidi & Barari; Kamir, 100 m, 10.III. 1991, leg. Mirzayans & Badii; Moghuye, Lengeh, 60 m, 20.XI. 1997, leg. Nazari V., Barari & Mofidi; Rudan Sarzeh, 21 km W, 200 m, 03.III. 1978, leg. Pazuki A.; Rudan, Minab, 270 m, 07.III. 1972, leg. Mirzayans & Borumand; Rudan, 06.IV. 1973, leg. Abai M.; Siahu, Bandar-e-Abbas, 600 m, 10.III. 1995, leg. Sarafrazi & Badii; Sikhoran, Bandar-e-Abbas, 900 m, 27.XI. 1999, leg. Badii, Barari & Mofidi; Sirik, 70 m, 18–19.IV. 1992, leg. Mirzayans & Badii; Sirik, 30 m, 18.II. 1998, leg. Mofidi & Atabai. Kerman: Ghale Ganj, 22 km, Manujan, Jiroft, 490 m, 06.III. 1978, leg. Pazuki A.; Gowe Niskan, Kahnuj Marz, Jiroft, 880–1000 m, 12.III. 1978, leg. Pazuki A.; Grovk (=Guravak), 0 m, 06.III. 1995, leg. Badii & Sarafrazi; Pimehjan, 24 km SE, Kahnuj Marz, Jiroft, 860 m, 10.III. 1978, leg. Pazuki A.; Rameshk Baru, 6 km E, Kahnuj, Jiroft, 700 m, 14.III. 1978, leg. Pazuki A. Sistan va Balouchestan: Bakhshan, Saravan, 1250 m, 19.XII. 1992, leg. Ebrahimi & Badii; Cheraghan, Rask, 300 m, 11.XII. 1992, leg. Ebrahimi & Badii; Ghasr-e- Ghand, 07–08.XI. 1991, leg. 450–500 m, 07.XI. 1991, leg. Mirzayans & Badii; Sang-Masjed, Sarbaz, 850 m, 17 .. XII. 1992, leg. Badii & Ebrahimi; Suldan, Pishin, 50 m, 14.XII. 1992, leg. Ebrahimi & Badii.

ZMHU

Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universitaet

HMIM

Jardí Botànic Marimurtra

ZISP

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

SMK

Sarawak Museum

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien