Malacosoma castrense kirghisicum Staudinger, 1879, Staudinger, 1879

Zolotuhin, Vadim V. & Zahiri, Reza, 2008, The Lasiocampidae of Iran (Lepidoptera), Zootaxa 1791, pp. 1-52: 14-15

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.274319

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03DE1D41-512D-FFB6-FF71-F97DFBF01DED

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Malacosoma castrense kirghisicum Staudinger, 1879
status

 

Malacosoma castrense kirghisicum Staudinger, 1879  

Malacosoma castrensis   v. kirghisica Staudinger, 1879, Stett. Ent. Ztg. 40: 318. TL: Narün, nordöstlich von Astrachan zwischen Wolga- und Ural-Fluâ, etwa 15 deutsche Meilen ostwärts von der Wolga.

References: Daniel 1963: 150; Barou 1967: 54; Modarres Awal 1994 & 1997: 208.

Distribution (Map 11): widely distributed in Europe and Caucasus to far eastern Russia, China, Central Asia

and Asia Minor. - In Iran: West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan, Ardebil, Guilan, Mazandaran, Tehran, Semnan,

Qazvin, Kordestan, Zanjan, Qom, Markazi, Esfahan, Lorestan, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari, Kohkiluyeh va

Boyerahmad, Fars, Hormozgan and Sistan va Balouchestan provinces.

Map 11. Malacosoma castrense kirghisicum Staudinger, 1879   .

Bionomics. The species is univoltine throughout its range. Flight period July to August. Inhabits lowlands to mid altitudes in Iran from 1700 to 3000 m; more typical of arid biotopes and lowlands. Larvae are polyphagous and recorded from Artemisia   sp. ( Asteraceae   ), Geranium   spp   . ( Geraniaceae   ), Euphorbia   spp   . ( Euphorbiaceae   ), Atraphaxis spinosa   ( Polygonaceae   ). Pupation in silky cocoon with yellowish powder, on the food plants and under stones. Eggs hibernate. The manuscript name "farsi" was introduced by O. Bang-Haas (in litt.; "TL:" Iran, Fars, Strasse Chiraz-Kazeroun, Fort Sine-Sefid, ca. 2200 m) to designate syntypes in many European museums but the name was never validly published.

Material Examined: 1 male, Hyrcania ( ZISP); 1 female, Schahkuh ( ZISP); 2 males, Nohur ( ZISP); 6 males, 4 females, Iran, Elburs Geb., S. side, Shimschak, 2300 m, 50 km N Tehran, 1–22.VII 1970, leg. Vartian ( SMK); 2 males, Iran, Ostan Teheran, Reshter Ye Alborz, Dizin Gardaneh, 2700–3000 m, 5–8.VIII 1978, leg. Blom ( SMK); 3 males, 6 females, N-Iran, Pr. Tehran, Elburs mts. (Alborz), vic. Dizin bei Gajereh, 2500 m, 20.VII 1979, leg. C. Naumann ( SMK); 3 males, Iran, Elburs, Ditzin, ca 2000 m, Vii 1976, leg. Weis ( SMK); 2 males, 2 females, Iran, Elburs Geb., S. side, Shimschak, 2300 m, 50 km N Tehran, 1–22.VII 1970, leg. Vartian ( SMK); 1 male, Zachkadsor ( SMK); 16 males, 4 females, N. Iran, Elburz mts., Masandaran, Polur, Damavand, 2200 m, 11.VII 1972, leg. Ebert & Falkner ( SMK); 6 males, 1 female, W. Iran, Kordestan, 86 km SE Baneh, 1950 m, 5.VII 1975, leg. Ebert & Falkner ( SMK). 1 male, NW Iran, 50 km N. Rezoiyeh, 1750 m, 9.VI 1975, leg. H.G.Amsel ( SMK); 1 male " paratype " of farsi, Iran, Fars, Strasse Chiraz-Kazeroun, Fort Sine- Sefid, ca. 2200 m, Mai 1937, coll. Brandt ( ZSM); 1 male, Persia, Auene ( ZSSM); 2 males, 1 female, Iran, Fars, Talochosroe Comel, 2600 m, mVII 1937, coll. Brandt ( SMK); 1 male, Iran, Derbend, 25 km N v. Teheran, 2000 m, 1–10.VII 1962, Vartian leg. (MWM); 6 males, Iran, Paskala, 2250 m, NO Derbend, 25 km nordl. Teheran, 1–25.VI 1970, leg. Vartian ( NHMW); 22 males, 18 females, Iran, Elburs-Geb., Suedseite, Shimshak, 2300 m, 50 km N Teheran, 1–22.VII 1970, leg. Vartian ( NHMW); 2 males, Iran, Elburs-Geb., 70 km NO Teheran, Ab-Ali, 2100 m, 28.VI 1970, leg. E. & A. Vartian ( NHMW); 11 males, Nord Iran, Prov. Teheran, Elbursgeb., Demavand-SW-Seite, Almregion suedl. Pulur, 2500–2700 m, 18–19.VI 2001, leg. De Freina (MWM); 1 male, NW Iran, Prov. Esfahan, ca 35 km SSE Daran, Umg. Chadegan (=Chadgun), 2000 m, 8.VI 2001, leg. De Freina (MWM); 15 males, 1 female, NW Iran, Prov. Cahar Mahali, ca 35 km SE Aligudarz, Seitental SW Murak, Umg. Dorf Darreh Hoz, 1800–2000 m, 5–7.VI 2001, leg. De Freina (MWM); 20 males, 3 females, Iran, Zanjan, Kun-e-Sendan, ca 25 km NE Zanjan, 2200 m, 15.VII 1997, a. Licht, leg. Eckweilier & ten Hagen (MWM); 4 males, Iran, Pr. Esfahan, Zagros Mts., 2800 m, Fereidun Sahr, 27.Vi 2005, leg. Hacz, Juhasz, Petranyi (MWM). ( HMIM): West Azerbaijan: Marmishu, Iran-Turkey Border, 1760 m, 18.VII. 2005, leg. Zahiri R. & Khiaban N.; Marand, 42 km N, 1100 m, 7.VI. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Ghushchi (Gardaneh Qushchi), Urumieh, 1700 m, 17.VII. 2005; leg. Zahiri R. & Khiaban N. East Azerbaijan: Bozghush mts., Mianeh, 2250 m, 29–30.VII. 1992, leg. Parchami & Badii; Zenouz, Marand, 1620 m, 13.VII. 2005, leg. Zahiri R. & Khiaban N.; Basmenj, Tabriz, 21.VI. 1974, leg. Damanabi; Kalhor, Myaneh, Bozghush Mountains, 2150 m, 12.VII. 2005, leg. Zahiri R. Ardebil: Bile-Daragh, 1750 m, 16.VIII. 1991, leg. Hashemi & Parchami; Hassankhalu, Moghan, 7.VI. 1978, leg. Hashemi & Zairi; Moghan, 15.VI. 1967, leg. Damanabi; Sahand Mts., N, 2440 m, 2–3.VIII. 1992, leg. Parchami & Badii; Khalkhal, 62 km, 1500 m, 29.VII. 1976, leg. Pazuki & Borumand. Guilan: Rasht, 0 m, 21.VII. 1973, leg. Shenasi; Fandogh Poshteh, Astara, 726 m, 18.VI. 2001, leg. Ghayourfar R. Mazandaran: Kandovan, 2600 m, 3–4.VII. 1995, leg. Sarafrazi, Linnavuori & Badii; Khakak, N Kandovan, 2560 m, 9.VII. 1977, leg. Pazuki & Mortazaviha; Rudbar, Amol, 1600 m, 20.VIII. 1981, leg. Hashemi. Tehran: Damavand, 1900 m, 5–11.VI. 1976, leg. Rajabi; Kozal Darreh, Lar, Damavand, 2500 m, 14.VIII. 1981, leg. Hashemi; Damavand, 1900 m, 28.V – 4.VI. 1976, leg. Rajabi; Cheshmeh Kil Kola (Sharestanak), 2400 m, 20.VII. 1988, leg. Mirzayans & Badii; Velayat rud (Dizin), 2250 m, 15.VII. 1994; leg. Ebrahimi & Parchami; Shahrestanak, Karaj, 9-12.VII. 1995; leg. Sarafrazi, Badii & Linnavuori; Damavand Mnt., S slope, 2720 m, 23.VII. 1988, leg. Mirzayans & Badii; Azadbar, Gachsar, Karaj, 2350–2400 m, leg. Sarafrazi, Badii & Linnavuori; Sarziarat, Arangeh, Karaj, 1750 m, 10–11.VII. 1996, leg. Badii & Parchami; Rudbar-e- Ghasran, 2370 m, 28–29.V. 1991, leg. Ebrahimi E. & Badii M.; Damavand, 1900 m, 8.VIII. 1976, leg. Rajabi; Emamzadeh, Lar, 2500 m, 13.VIII. 1993, leg. Parchami & Ebrahimi; Sarchal, Kandovan, Karaj, 2800 m, 4– 8.VII. 1977, leg. Pazuki & Mortazaviha; Ab-ask, 2500 m, 19.VIII. 1981, leg. Hashemi; Tar Lake, 2700 m, 25.VII. 1988, leg. Mirzayans & Badii; Shemshak, 1700 m, 25.VII. 1969, leg. Mirzayans & Abai; Chehelcheshmeh (Chelcheshmeh), 30 km SW Firuzkuh, 1900 m, 24.VI. 1998, leg. Mofidi M.; Polur, Nava Mts., Elburs Mts., 1600 m, 13.VII. 1976, leg. Zairi & Lavali; Sad-e-Lar, Polur, Damavand, 2500 m, 7–8.VII. 1988, leg. Pazuki A.;Tar Lake, 2700 m, 24.VIII. 1992, leg. Ebrahimi E. & Badii M.; Evin, Tehran, 1600 m, 26– 27.VII. 1976, leg. Light trap. Semnan: Shahkuh-e-Pain, Shahrud, 2700 m, 18–19.VII. 2003, leg. Ebrahimi E. & Alipanah H. Qazvin: Parachan, Taleghan, 2200 m, 27.VII. 1994, leg. Ebrahimi E. & Badii M.; Gazorkhan, Alamut, 2080 m, 24.VII. 1994, leg. Ebrahimi E.; Kalanak, Taleghan, 1950 m, 26.VI. 1991; leg. Ebrahimi E. & Badii M.; Tijkuk, Taleghan, 1950 m, leg. Barari & Mofidi; Kashkdasht, Alamut, 1470 m, leg. Parchami, Ardeh & Ebrahimi; Azadbar-Taleghan, 61 km E, 2360 m, 21.VII. 1988, leg. Mirzayans & Badii; Daryabak, Rudbar-e-Shahrestan, 2150 m, 12.VI. 1995, leg. Parchami, Ebrahimi & Ardeh; Taleghan, 2200 m, 26– 31.VII. 1976, leg. Kavian. Zanjan: Ghaydar, Soltanieh, Zanjan, 1950 m, 2.VII. 1974, leg. Termeh & Mousavi; Yukharichay, Zanjan, 1000 m, 7.VII. 1997, leg. Barari & Mofidi; Zanjan, 50 km SW, Zanjan-Bijar, 1700 m, 28.VI. 1975, leg. Pazuki A. Kordestan: Amirabad, Sanandaj, 28.VI. 1974, leg. Hashemi; Miandagh, Marivan, 2000 m, 6.VII. 1972, leg. Mirzayans & Abai; Ariz, 2200 m, 5.VII. 1972; leg. Mirzayans & Abai; Baneh, 86 km SE, Straße Baneh-Marivan, 1950 m, 5.VII. 1975, leg. Ebert G. & Falkner H.; Ariz, 2200 m, 5.VII. 1972, leg. Mirzayans & Abai; Baneh, 1750–2000 m, 5.VII. 1975, leg. Pazuki A.; Marivan, 35 km N, 1550 m, 8– 9.VII. 1975, leg. Pazuki A.; Saghez-Baneh, 23 km N O Baneh, 1750 m, 2.VII. 1975, leg. Pazuki A.; Saghez, 45 km SW, Saghez-Baneh, 2000 m, 30.VI. 1975, leg. Pazuki A. Qom: Lake Qom, 27.VI. 1969, leg. M. A. B.; Wesb, Qom, 2450 m, 24.VI. 1981, leg. Hashemi. Markazi: Abdol Abad-Bala, Tafresh, Ashtian, 2500 m, 20.VII. 1981, leg. Pazuki & Borumand. Esfahan: Khomein, 25 km E, 1860 m, 2.VII. 1983, leg. Mirzayans & Borumand; Khansar, Golestan Kuh, 2700 m, 3–4.VII. 1983, leg. Mirzayans & Borumand; Miameh, Delijan, 2000 m, 18.VI. 1984, leg. Pazuki & Hashemi; Khansar, Golestan Kuh, 2700–2750 m, 28–29.VII. 1981, leg. Pazuki & Borumand. Lorestan: Kogah, Oshtorankouh, 2350 m, 29–30.VII. 1975, leg. Pazuki A. Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari: Zard-Kuh, 2300–2500 m, 7–8.VII. 1982, leg. Borumand & Pazuki. Kohkiluyeh va Boyerahmad: Yasuj, 12.VI. 1973, leg. Hashemi & Zairi. Fars: Tang-e-Abolhayat, Nowdan Tang, 20.VII. 1975, Abai M.; Chahtut, Mamasani, 2000 m, 1–8.VI. 1976, leg. Abai M. Hormozgan: Issin, 130–150 m, 6.III. 1985, leg. Borumand & Hashemi. Sistan va Balouchestan: Iranshahr Lab., 1993, leg. Omara.

ZISP

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

SMK

Sarawak Museum

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

HMIM

Jardí Botànic Marimurtra