Eriogaster acanthophylli (Christoph, 1882), Christoph, 1882

Zolotuhin, Vadim V. & Zahiri, Reza, 2008, The Lasiocampidae of Iran (Lepidoptera), Zootaxa 1791, pp. 1-52: 23-27

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.274319

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03DE1D41-5136-FFA3-FF71-FB40FBBA1E29

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Eriogaster acanthophylli (Christoph, 1882)
status

 

Eriogaster acanthophylli (Christoph, 1882)  

Bombyx acanthophylli Christoph, Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross.   , 17: 124. TL: Persien, Schahrud. Types: males and females ( ZISP).

References: Christoph 1882: 124; Daricheva & Dubatolov 1990: 28.

Distribution (Map 16): southern Turkmenia. - In Iran: Mazandaran, Golestan, Semnan, Khorasan and Tehran

provinces.

MAP 16. Eriogaster acanthophylli (Christoph, 1882)   .

Bionomics. The species is univoltine throughout its range. Flight period autumn, in Turkmenistan (Kopetdagh Mts.) from late August to November, most abundant in September to October. Inhabits high altitudes of mountain ranges from 380 to 1650 m. Mature larvae were observed from April to mid May on Onobrychis cornuta L. Desk   ( Fabaceae   ), Atraphaxis spinosa   L. ( Polygonaceae   ), Pistacea vera   L. ( Anacardiaceae   ). Reared by H. Christoph from outskirts of Schahrud from caterpillars found on Oxytropis pumila   L. ( Fabaceae   ) and in environments of Schahkuh and Tasch from 8000 to 10000 ft on Acanthophyllum   and Acantholimon   . Pupation in the soil in fest cocoon. Eggs hibernate under scale cover.

Material Examined: 3 males, 4 females, Syntypes, Schahrud ( ZISP); 2 females, Schahkuh ( ZISP); 1 female, Hyrcania, 19.VIII 1881 ( ZISP); 1 male, Chalous, 28.IX 1972, Paz. Abai ( SMK); 1 female, Persia, Schahrud ( ZFMK); 1 female, Iran, Elburs, Kendevan, 2300–2800 m, 8–15.VIII 1978, leg. W. Thomas (MWM); 1 male, Iran, Prov. Mazandaran, C-Alborz, Mazandaran v., 9 km W of Minac, 3150 m, 23–24.VIII 2000, light trap, leg. P. Gyulai & A. Garai (MWM). ( HMIM): Mazandaran: Chalus, 28.IX. 1972, leg. Pazuki & Abai; Yush, Baladeh, Nur, 1920–2100 m, 13.IX. 1994, leg. Leg. Badii, Ardeh & Hashemi. Golestan: Almeh W, Park-e- Melli-Golestan, 1650 m, 02– 10.X. 1988, leg. Pazuki A.; Kalaleh, Gharehsar, 380 m, 01.X. 1992, leg. Ebrahimi E. & Badii M. Khorasan: Almeh, Park-e-Melli-Golestan, 1590–1600 m, 03.X. 1994, leg. Mirzayans, Badii & Ebrahimi; Almeh, Park-e-Melli-Golestan, 1590–1600 m, 02–03.X. 1992, leg. Ebrahimi E. & Badii M.; Almeh, Park-e-Melli-Golestan, 1590–1600 m, 02–06.X. 1994, leg. Mirzayans, Ebrahimi & Badii; Almeh, Park-e- Melli-Golestan, 1590–1600 m, 03–05.X. 1994, leg. Mirzayans, Badii & Ebrahimi; Almeh, Park-e-Melli-Golestan, 1590–1600 m, 30.IX. 2000, leg. Ghayourfar & Gilasian. Tehran: Tar Lake, 24.VIII. 1992, 2700 m, leg. Ebrahimi E. & Badii M.

Eriogaster amygdali Wiltshire, 1941  

Eriogaster amygdali Wiltshire, 1941   , J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 42 (3): 474, figs. 7, 8. TL: S. Iran, Fars, 7000–8000 feet. Holotype: male ( BMNH).

References: Rajabi 1986: 168.

Distribution (Map 17): Syria, Iraq, Iran (ssp. amygdali Wilt.   ); Lebanon (ssp. talhouki Wilt.); Afghanistan

(ssp. reshofti Schultze & Witt). - In Iran: Guilan, Lorestan, Fars and Bushehr provinces.

MAP 17. Eriogaster amygdali Wiltshire, 1941   .

Bionomics. The species is univoltine throughout its range. Flight period autumn, in Iran from October to November. Inhabits high altitudes of mountain ranges from 6500 to 8000 feet m. The food plants are wild Amygdalus   spp   . ( A. eburnea   , A. horrida   ), Prunus   spp   ., Crataegus   spp   ., Armeniaca   sp. (all Rosaceae   ); the holotype from Fars was "bred from larvae found feeding on wild almond and Crataegus   on 7000–8000 ft (2134–2438 m)." Larvae feed in April and May. Rajabi (1986) recorded Prunus   , Amygdalus   , Crataegus   as host plants in Iran. Pupation in the soil in fest cocoon. Eggs hibernate under scale cover.

Material Examined: 1 male holotype, S. Iran, Fars ( BMNH); 1 male paratype, Sineh Sefid, 6500 ft.; 1 male, Iran, Prov. Gilan, 15 km SW of Rast, Disku, 200 m, 17–18.XI 2000, leg. B. Benedek & Gy. Fabian (MWM).

( HMIM): Lorestan: Ghalikuh, Aligudarz, 2500 m, 29–30.X. 1990, leg. Mirzayans & Badii. Fars: Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 8.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 26.XI. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 9.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Nowdan, Kuhmareh, 17.XI. 1976, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 17– 21.XI. 1976, leg. Abai M.; Shiraz, 19.XI. 1976, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 26.XI. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 6–12.XII. 1976, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 14–25.X. 1976, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 22.XI. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Khavaran, Khafr, 1450 m, 16.XI. 1997, leg. Nazari V., Barari & Mofidi; Hormud, Lar, 750 m, 8.XII. 1996, leg. Ebrahimi, Parchami & Badii. Bushehr: Tang-e-Faryab, Borazjan, 650 m, 30.XI. 1996, leg. Badii, Ebrahimi & Parchami; Rigdan, Khormaj, 50 m, 6.XII. 1996, leg. Ebrahimi, Badii & Parchami.

* Eriogaster catax   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Fig. 11.

Phalaena catax Linnaeus, 1758   , Syst. Nat. (Ed. 10) 1: 822. TL: Germany. Types: male, female (LSL).

Distribution (Map 18): Europe to western Ukraine, Turkey. - In Iran: Golestan and Mazandaran provinces. Bionomics. The species is univoltine throughout its range. Flight period autumn, in Turkey from late August to November. Inhabits high altitudes of mountain ranges from 620 to 1900 m. The species is associated in Iran with Quercus brantii Lindl.   and Q. infectoria Oliv.   ; both are proposed to be food plants. Pupation in the soil in fest cocoon. Eggs hibernate under scale cover. The species is first noted here from Iran, the easternmost point of its distribution.

Material Examined: ( HMIM): Golestan: Tange-e-Gol, Park-e-Melli Golestan, 620–700 m, 29–30.X. 1998, leg. Manzari, Moghaddam & Nazari V. Mazandaran: Vandarbon, Rudbarak, Kelardasht, 1900 m, 9.X. 1995, leg. Ebrahimi, Badii & Rezvani.

* Eriogaster neogena   (Fisher de Waldheim, 1824)

Bombyx neogena Fisher   de Waldheim, 1824, Ent. Imp. Ross. 2: 250, pl. 10, fig. 4. TL: Russia, Ural superiorem. Types:? ZISP.

Distribution (Map 19): Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Lower Volga and southern Siberia of Russia, Kazakhstan,

Kirghizstan; Afghanistan. - In Iran: Semnan province.

MAP 18. Eriogaster catax (Linnaeus, 1758)   .

MAP 19. Eriogaster neogena   (Fisher de Waldheim, 1824).

Bionomics. The species is univltine throughout its range. Flight period autumn, late August to October. Inhabits middle and high altitudes of mountain ranges in Iran from 620 to 700 m. In Iran feeds on Caragana   spp   . (in Russia Caragana frutex   ) but the food spectrum is probably wider. Pupation in the soil in fest cocoon. Eggs hibernate under scale cover. The species is first noted here from Iran.

Material Examined: 1 male, Shachrud ( ZISP).

Eriogaster rimicola   ([Denis et Schiffermüller], 1775)

Phalaena-Bombyx rimicola   [Denis et Schiffermüller], 1775, Ank. syst. Verz. Schmett. Wien: 57. TL: Austria, Umgeb. Wien. Types: none.

Eriogaster rimicola hackeri De Freina, 1999  

Eriogaster rimicola hackeri de Freina, 1999   , Atalanta 30: 198, figs. 3 j – 4 b; pl. 11, figs. 13–15. TL: Kleinasien, Prov.

Erzurum, Siganli Dagl., Ovit-Paâ, 10 km NW Ispir, 1450–1500 m. Holotype: male (MWM). References: Rajabi 1986: 168 (as? Eriogaster philippsi   ); Modarres Awal 1994 & 1997: 208. Distribution (Map 20): eastern Turkey (Prov. Tokat, Icel, Konya, Erzurum, Erzincan, Kütahya), Iraq, southwestern Iran (ssp. hackeri de Freina); Europe to western Byelorussia, Turkey (other subspecies). - In Iran: Kohkiluye va Boyerahmad and Fars provinces.

MAP 20. Eriogaster rimicola   ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775).

Bionomics. The species is univoltine throughout its range. Flight period autumn, in Iran from late August to November. Inhabits high altitudes of mountain ranges and is known from up to 1700 m. The species is associated in Iran with: Quercus brantii Lindl.   in the high altitudes of Zagros Mts., from Kordestan to Kazerun ( Fars); Q. brantii brantii   var. brantii   in the lower altitudes of the Zagros Mts. from Kordestan to Fars, to 220 m; and Q. infectoria Oliv.   from Lorestan and Kordestan. Rajabi (1986) and Modarres Awal (1994 & 1997) recorded Amygdalus   as “almond” as the host plant in Iran, probably as a misidentification of Eriogaster philippsi   . Pupation in the soil in fest cocoon. Eggs hibernate under scale cover. The species is first noted here from Iran, the south- and easternmost point of its distribution.

Material Examined: Iran ( Fars: Kazerun); 3 males, 3 females, Iran, Fars, Kazerin, Gavkoshak, 26.XI – 14.XII 1975, L.T.Abai ( SMK). ( HMIM): Kohkiluye va Boyerahmad: Tang-e-Meymand, Yasuj, 1700 m, 23.XI. 1998, leg. Ghayourfar, Barari & Mofidi. Fars: Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 26.XI – 14.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 17–21.XI. 1976, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 3.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 1.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun; 1–6.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun; 8.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 12–15.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun; 8–9.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 23–27.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun; 17.XII. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 23–30.XI. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 22– 29.XI. 1975, leg. Abai M.; Gavkoshak, Kazerun, 17–21.XI. 1976, leg. Abai M.

ZISP

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

SMK

Sarawak Museum

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

HMIM

Jardí Botànic Marimurtra