Procladius (Holotanypus) denticulatus Sublette,

Saether, Ole A., 2010, Procladius Skuse from Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, with keys to some females and immature stages of the genus (Diptera: Chironomidae), Zootaxa 2726, pp. 34-58: 41-43

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.200030

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03DE87CE-FC75-FFB8-ACBF-FCA4FF6C7287

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Procladius (Holotanypus) denticulatus Sublette
status

 

Procladius (Holotanypus) denticulatus Sublette 

( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 A, B; 7; 12 E, K; 13 D; 14 C, G, L)

Procladius denticulatus Sublette, 1964 a  (in part): 124.

Procladius (Procladius) denticulatus Sublette  ; Roback, 1971: 189; Roback 1980: 47; Saether 1977: 48.

Material examined. CANADA: Manitoba, Lake Winnipeg, 0.5 km off George Island, 203 males, 11 & 12.vii. 1969; 3 km off Grand Rapids, 24 males, 13.vii. 1969; 10 km off (Sturgeonskin point) Long Point, 73 males, 14.vii. 1969; 3 km off McCreary Island, 14 males, 15.vii. 1969; Gimli Government Wharf, 8 males, 24.vii. 1969; 3 km off George Island, 320 males, 27.vii. 1969; Grand Rapids Government Wharf, 2 males, 28.vii. 1969; McBeth Harbor, 59 males, 30.vii. 1969; Pine Dock, 1 male, 31.vii. 1969; Hnausa Government Wharf, 1 male, 8.ix. 1969; Gimli Government Wharf, 4 males, 9.ix. 1969; Old Fishing Dock, 2 males, 16.vi. & 21.vii. 1969; emergence traps: Beaver Creek, 5 males, 9.vi. – 14.vii. 1971; rearings: 10 km east southeast of Pearson Reef, 1 male, 5.vi. 1969; 24 km south-southeast of Long Point, 1 male, 10.vi. 1969; east-southeast of outer buoy Red River, 1 male, 9.vi. 1969; Saskatchewan River Buoy, 1 male, 13.vii. 1969; 35 km east-northeast of Sturgeon, 1 female, 14.vii. 1969; Outer buoy of Red River, 1 female, 17.iii. 1970; north of outer buoy Red River, 1 male, 17.iii. 1970; 12 km east-northeast of Winnipeg Beach, 1 male, 17.iii. 1969; South Basin, 148 larvae, 4.vi – 31.x. 1969; Narrows, 54 larvae, 4.vi – 31.x. 1969; North Basin, 226 larvae, 4.vi – 31.x. 1969.

The males all conform to the description given by Roback (1971: 189). The gonostylus ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 B, C) varies between resembling mostly the Minnesota population ( Roback 1971, fig. 370) and resembling the Québec population ( Roback 1971, fig. 372).

The females have 0–5 setae on anepisternum II, segment X with about 56–58 setae, and 9–14 sensilla chaetica proximally on each ta 1 of p 2 and p 3.

Pupa (n = 10)

Cephalothorax. Thoracic horn ( Fig. 12View FIGURE 12 E) 393–577, 469 µm long; 120–188, 146 µm wide; atrial wall of thoracic horn with reticulate pattern; plastron plate diameter 90–188, 135 µm; apical constriction of horn chamber 42 – 94, 70 µm wide; length/width of horn 2.60–13.73, 13.26; width of plastron plate /width of horn 0.71–1.03, 0.90; width of plastron plate/width of constriction 1.64–2.14, 1.95.

Abdomen. Spinules on T IV relatively large, not grouped ( Fig. 12View FIGURE 12 M). Anal lobe ( Fig. 12View FIGURE 12 K) with 24 –32, 28 spines on outer margin; sparse row of long spines posterolaterally; spines at apex either on distinct protuberance or enlarged.

Fourth instar larva (n = 10, except when otherwise stated)

Head capsule length 860–1060, 949 µm (356)[790–1050 µm in Moore & Moore (1978)].

Head. Antennal apex as in Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 D. Lengths of antennal segments 1–5 (µm): 194–220, 211; 24 –27, 25; 7 –10, 8; 3 –4, 4; 2 –3, 2. AR 5.11–6.11, 5.60)[5.4–7.5 in Moore & Moore (1978)]. Basal antennal segment 32 –41, 39 µm wide; 5.10–6.44, 5.50 times as long as wide; ring organ 0.66–0.80, 0.73 from base; blade 34 –42, 38 µm; accessory blade 26 –30, 29 µm long. Apical style of second segment 6 –9, 8 µm long. Mandible 200–232, 217 µm long [175– 225 µm in Moore & Moore (1978), 167–200 µm in Roback (1980)]. Maxilla ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 C) with lamelles of palpifer and some lamelles of galea divided. Maxillary palp ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 G) 55 –74, 62 µm long; 19 –23, 21 µm wide; 2.70–3.52, 2.96 times as long as wide. Length of basal antennal segment/length of palp 2.92–3.93, 3.40. Hypopharyngeal pecten with 11 –13, 13 teeth.

Abdomen. Claws of posterior parapods ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 L) all relatively long and slender.

Distribution and ecology. The species was previously known from Sweden (?, Roback 1971: 189), and is widespread Nearctic ( Oliver et al. 1990: 15, Spies 1999, Caldwell 2009). Procladius signatus (Zetterstedt)  , which according to Roback (1971: 189) may be a senior synonym is present in Northern Europe and on the New Siberian Islands. The pupa as illustrated by Langton (1991 plate 7 f) is very similar to pupa described here. The species apparently is a northern lake form. The distribution in Lake Winnipeg is shown in Fig. 1View FIGURE 1, the emergence pattern in Fig. 7View FIGURE 7.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Chironomidae

Genus

Procladius

Loc

Procladius (Holotanypus) denticulatus Sublette

Saether, Ole A. 2010
2010
Loc

Procladius (Procladius) denticulatus

Roback 1980: 47
Saether 1977: 48
Roback 1971: 189
1971