Procladius (Holotanypus) culiciformis,

Saether, Ole A., 2010, Procladius Skuse from Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, with keys to some females and immature stages of the genus (Diptera: Chironomidae), Zootaxa 2726, pp. 34-58: 38-41

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.200030

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03DE87CE-FC76-FFB6-ACBF-F9D2FEE27794

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Procladius (Holotanypus) culiciformis
status

 

Procladius (Holotanypus) culiciformis  (L.)

( Figs 4View FIGURE 4; 5; 12 C,I; 13 C; 14 B, F, K)

Tipula culiciformis Linnaeus, 1767: 978  .

Tanypus crassinervis Zetterstedt, 1838: 817  .

Prothenthes claripennis Malloch 1915: 387  .

Procladius choreus Edwards  (in part), 1929: 301.

Procladius (Procladius) culiciformis  (L.); Roback 1971: 175, 1980: 38; Saether 1977: 48.

Material examined. CANADA: Manitoba, Lake Winnipeg, 2 km off Selkirk (Horse) Island, 2 males, 4.vi. 1969; 4 km off Grand Rapids, 1 male, 8.vi. 1969; 0.5 km off George Island, 21 males, 11–12.vi. 1969; 3 km off Grand Rapids, 1 male, 13.vi. 1969; 10 km off (Sturgeonskin point) Long Point, 1 male, 15.vi. 1969; 3 km off McCreary Island, 20 males, 15.vi. 1969; Gimli Government Wharf, 41 males, 24.vi. 1969; 3 km off George Island, 6 males, 27.vi. 1969; Grand Rapids Government Wharf, 14 males, 28.vi. 1969; 5 km off Selkirk (Horse) Island, 2 males, 29.vi. 1969; McBeth Harbor, 4 males, 30.vi. 1969; Mukutawa River Buoy, 1 male, 3.ix. 1969; Beaver Point, 7 males, 9.vi. 1971; 20 Mile Creek, 5 males, 26.viii. 1971; Old Fishing Dock, 20 males, 5. & 27.viii. 1971; reared from pupa: north of outer buoy of Red River, 1 male, 4.vi. 1969; 13 km SW Bigstone Point, 1 male, 11.vi. 1969; 26 km east north-east of Grand Rapids, 1 male, 13.vi. 1969; north-northeast of Reindeer Island, 1 female, 15.vi. 1969; 13 km southeast of Bigstone Point, 1 male, 3.ix. 1969; outer buoy of Red River, 1 male, 17.iii. 1970; off Grand Marais Point, 1 male, 17.iii. 1970; South Basin, 396 larvae, 1 pupa, 4.vi – 31.x. 1969; Narrows, 152 larvae, 1 pupa, 4.vi – 31.x. 1969; North Basin, 182 larvae, 4.vi – 31.x. 1969.

The males of the Lake Winnipeg population ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4) conform well to the description given by Roback (1971: 177). The only exception is one male with the indication of an anal point ( Fig 4View FIGURE 4 D). This may only be a deformity possibly caused by mermithid infection or it may indicate that an additional species close to P. culiciformis  is present. The female has 6–8 setae on anepisternum II, segment X with 20–30 setae, and 3–8 sensilla chaetica on each ta 1 of p 2 and p 3.

Pupa (n = 10)

Cephalothorax. Thoracic horn ( Fig. 12View FIGURE 12 C) 350–515, 430 µm long [ 518–547 µm in Roback (1980)]; 103–160, 119 µm wide; plastron plate diameter 62 –104, 94 µm; apical constriction of horn chamber 24 –65, 42 µm wide; length/width of horn 3.22–3.96, 3.64; width of plastron plate /width of horn 0.61–0.76, 0.67 [0.50–0.57in Roback (1980)]; width of plastron plate/ width of constriction 1.88–3.08, 2.15.

Abdomen. Anal lobe ( Fig. 12View FIGURE 12 I) with 42 –62, 50 spines on outer margin and 7 –12, 10 spines on inner margin; dense row of relatively short spines posterolaterally.

Fourth instar larva (n = 10, except when otherwise stated)

Head capsule length 650–810, 757 µm (622) [ 580–680 µm in Moore & Moore (1978)].

Head. Antenna as in Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 C. Lengths of antennal segments 1–5 (µm): 155–176, 167; 16 –21, 19; 4 –7, 5; 2; 2. AR 5.17–6.84, 6.00 [4.2 –6.0 in Moore & Moore (1978)]. Basal antennal segment 31 –38, 36 µm wide; 4.31–5.15, 4.69 times as long as wide; ring organ 0.67–0.78, 0.73 from base; blade 23 –31,26 µm long; accessory blade 18 –26, 22 µm long. Apical style of second segment 6 –10, 8 µm long. Mandible 162–178, 168 µm long [115–150 µm in Moore & Moore (1978), 192 µm in Roback (1980)]. Maxilla ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 B) with lamelles of palpifer divided ending in triangular lamelles broadest at apex; lamelles of galea apparently undivided or perhaps with some divided. Maxillary palp ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 F) 38 –48, 42 µm long; 13 –16, 14 µm wide; 1.90–2.33, 2.24 times as long as wide. Length of basal antennal segment/length of palp 3.60–4.40, 3.98. Hypopharyngeal pecten with 10 –14, 11 teeth.

Abdomen. Claws of posterior parapods ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14 K) all relatively long and slender.

Remarks. The anal lobe of the pupa differ from that illustrated by Roback (1980, fig. 178) by having several small spines on the inner margin. However, the inner margin is curved in the same way and Roback had few associated immatures. The immatures from Lake Lacawac, Pennsylvania, are larger than the Lake Winnipeg population, while those from the Great Slave Lake described by Moore & Moore (1978) are generally smaller.

Distribution and ecology. The species was previously known from all over the Palaearctic Region except for North Africa, from the Near East, and in North America from Northwest Territories, British Columbia and Ontario to Kansas and Florida, California, Nevada and Arizona ( Oliver et al. 1990: 15, Spies 1999, Saether & Spies 2004). The species is primarily a northern lake form. The distribution in Lake Winnipeg is shown in Fig. 1View FIGURE 1, the emergence pattern in Fig. 5View FIGURE 5.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Chironomidae

Genus

Procladius

Loc

Procladius (Holotanypus) culiciformis

Saether, Ole A. 2010
2010
Loc

Procladius (Procladius) culiciformis

Saether 1977: 48
Roback 1971: 175
1971
Loc

Prothenthes claripennis

Malloch 1915: 387
1915
Loc

Tanypus crassinervis

Zetterstedt 1838: 817
1838
Loc

Tipula culiciformis

Linnaeus 1767: 978
1767