Asturodes junkoshimurae Solis

Solis, M. Alma, Rodríguez, Eugenie Phillips-, Hallwachs, Winnie, Dapkey, Tanya & Janzen, Daniel H., 2020, Asturodes Amsel (Lepidoptera: Crambidae: Spilomelinae): Three New Species From The Western Hemisphere And Food Plant Records From Area De Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica, Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 122 (1), pp. 147-171: 160-162

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.4289/0013-8797.122.1.147

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3728759

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E087B3-DF2F-8A2B-FF6F-A4BCFE39FBD9

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Asturodes junkoshimurae Solis
status

 

Asturodes junkoshimurae Solis   ,

new species

http://zoobank.org/ 47710B91-6A10- 45AB-AD48-412AFBDFD040 ( Figs. 1 View Figs , 8 View Figs , 12–13 View Figs , 20 View Figs )

Diagnosis.—A light brown smudge in radial area between reniform spot and postmedial line; second lengthwise line of zigzag between Rs4 and M1 1/4 as long as first lengthwise line ( Figs. 1 View Figs , 8 View Figs , see red circle); female genitalia with ductus bursae anterior third not of equal width throughout ( Fig. 20 View Figs ).

Description.—Adult. Head: Vertex with upright yellow scales with mostly dark brown scales on posterior side of and behind scape. Proboscis with yellow scales basally, becoming dark brown as proboscis curves under. Labial palpus as in A. fimbriauralis   ( Fig. 6 View Figs ) with first and second segments yellow, with dark band anteriorly, entire width. Thorax: Forewing pattern as in Figures 1 View Figs and 8 View Figs , dark brown line posterior to M2 near margin; only a spot on M1 with no dark brown band to postmedial line; reniform spot a dark brown circle with a spot in the center, only a light brown smudge in radial area between reniform spot and postmedial line ( Fig. 8 View Figs , see red circle); first lengthwise line of zigzag between Rs3 and Rs4 thin; second lengthwise line of zigzag between Rs4 and M1 1/4 as long as first lengthwise line; antemedial line complete. Abdomen: Third abdominal tergite anteriorly with dark brown transverse band, fourth with anteromedial dark spot, fifth tergite with silver transverse posteriorly ( Fig. 1 View Figs ). Male genitalia ( Figs. 12–13 View Figs ) with uncus head very short, with lateral setae, and basally with dorsomedial setae; uncus tip upturned, prominent. Parateguminal androconia oblong, trapezoid. Valva with fibula, or sclerotized, finger-like process curving toward costal margin. Juxta slightly sclerotized. Phallus with vesica proximally covered with many, small spinules. Female genitalia ( Fig. 20 View Figs ) ductus bursae with a square-like antrum about 2 mm in width, followed by a sclerotized band and two small, sclerotized structures within that are as wide as the band, remainder membranous, then ductus bursae a quarter wider than antrum, slightly constricted before corpus bursae. Corpus bursae oval, signum absent. Ductus seminalis originating about halfway between ostium bursae and corpus bursae.

Etymology.—The species epithet ” junkoshimurae   ” is a noun in honor of Dr. Junko Shimura, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), United Nations, for her decades of energetic, dedicated and high-quality support coordinating CBD activities in an enormous number of international meetings.

Distribution.—From Mexico south to northern South America (French Guiana and Surinam). This species has not been collected in the Caribbean. It is often difficult to distinguish from the following new species; it is recommended that specimens that are rubbed or in poor condition be dissected or barcoded for confirmation.

Biological remarks.— Asturodes junkoshimurae   has been reared 163 times by DHJ and WH from larvae feeding on leaves of Gouania lupuloides   (L.) Urb. and Gouania polygama (Jacq.) Urb.   ( Rhamnaceae   ) in the ACG dry forest, rain forest, and intergrades ( Janzen and Hallwachs 2019). The Gouania   food plants occur side by side in the ACG rain forest with Colubrina spinosa   , the rhamnaceous food plant of A. fimbriauralis   .

Type Material.— HOLOTYPE ♀: COSTA RICA: Alajuela: Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Sector Rincon Rain forest, Palomo , 96 m, Lat. 10.96187, Long. -85.28045, pupa eclosed 10/26/2009, larva collected 10/12/2009, fp: Gouania lupuloides   , v. 09 -SRNP-68338 [ USN- MENT01462908].   PARATYPES: COSTA RICA: Alajuela: 1♀, Estación Caribe, 415 m, 10.90187, -85.27495, ecl. 27.VII.2009, coll. 27.VII.2009, fp: G. polygama   , 09-SRNP-41612 [ USN- MENT01462916]; GoogleMaps   2♀♀, same data as holotype, ecl. 30.X.2009, coll. 12.X.2009, 09-SRNP-68339 [USNMENT01462921];   USNM slide #115488, 09-SRNP-68340 [USNMENT01462902];   1♂, Puente Palma , 460 m, 10.9163, -85.37869, ecl. 25.IX.2009, coll. 13.IX.2009, fp: G. polygama   , 09-SRNP-4772 [USNMENT01462915]; GoogleMaps   1♂, Rio Blanco Abajo, 500 m, 10.90037, -85.37254, ecl. 22.XII.2009, coll. 3.XII.2009, 09-SRNP-6584 [USNMENT01462913]; GoogleMaps   1♀, San Lucas, 320 m, 10.91847, -85.30338, ecl. 1.VIII.2009, coll. 20. VII.2009, fp: G. polygama   , 09-SRNP- 41763 [USNMENT01462927]; GoogleMaps   3♀♀, Sendero Anonas, 405 m, 10.90528, -85.27882, ecl. 10.XI.2009, coll. 26.X. 2009, fp: G. polygama   , 09-SRNP-43074 [USNMENT01462932]; GoogleMaps   ecl. 23.XI.2009, coll. 9.XI.2009, fp: G. polygama   , 09- SRNP-43184 [USNMENT01462922];   ecl. 18.VIII.2012, coll. 26.VII.2012, fp: G. polygama   , 12-SRNP-43799 [ USN- MENT01462924];   3♂♂, 1♀, Sendero Huerta , 527 m, 10.9305, -85.37223, ecl. 6.III.2009, coll. 11.II.2009, fp: G. polygama   , 09-SRNP-717 [USNMENT01462938]; GoogleMaps   ecl. 31.I.2010, coll. 11.I.2010. USNM slide #115489, 10-SRNP-294 [ USN- MENT01462901];   ecl. 30.I.2010, coll. 11.I.2010, 10-SRNP-295 [USNMENT- 01462917];   ecl. 14.II.2011, coll. 31.X. 2011, 11-SRNP-4248 [USNMENT- 01462923];   Guanacaste: 2♀♀, Area Administrativa , 295 m, 10.83764, 85. 61871, coll. 15.VIII.2010, 10-SRNP- 13096 [USNMENT01462931];   coll. 15.VI.2010, 10-SRNP-13176 [ USN- MENT01462920];   1♀, Estación Quica, 470 m, 10.99697, -85.39666, 30.VI.2009, ecl. 30.VI.2009, coll. 2.V.2009, fp: G. polygama   , 09-SRNP-70735 [ USN- MENT01462930]; GoogleMaps   1♂, Mamones , 365 m, 10.77074, -85.42874, ecl. 20.VII.2011, coll. 3.VII.2011, fp: G. polygama   , 11- SRNP-55945 [USNMENT01462919]; GoogleMaps   1♀, Quebrada Raiz , 280 m, -85.48669, -85.48669, ecl. 3.X.2004, coll. 22. IX.2004, fp: G. polygama   , 04-SRNP-24787 [ USN- MENT01462934]; GoogleMaps   1♂, Quebrada Tibio Perla , 330 m, 10.76261, -85.42979, ecl. 21.XI.2009, coll. 5.XI.2009, fp: G. polygama   , 09-SRNP-57854 [USNMENT01462912]; GoogleMaps   1♀, Sendero Aguacate , 335 m, 10.76901, -85.43465, ecl. 11.XI.2011, coll. 29.X.2011, fp: G. polygama   , 11-SRNP-57135 [ USN- MENT01462929]; GoogleMaps   1♂, Sendero Congos , 290 m, Lt. 11.02097, -85.52531, ecl. 13.IX.2011, coll. 1.IX.2011, fp: G. polygama   , 11-SRNP-22290 [ USN- MENT01462914]; GoogleMaps   2♀♀, Sendero Puertas , 400 m, 11.01087, -85.48817, ecl. 11.IX.2009, coll. 25.VII.2009, fp: G. polygama   , 09-SRNP-22563 [ USN- MENT01462933]; GoogleMaps   09-SRNP-22565 [USNMENT01462936];   1♀, Vado Huacas , 490 m, 10.75533, -85.39117, ecl. 12.VIII.2011, coll. 29. VII.2011, fp: G. polygama   , 11-SRNP-56172 [ USN- MENT01462925]; GoogleMaps   1♀, Vado Licania , 470 m, 10.77222, -85.41225, ecl. 20.VIII.2011, coll. 2.VII.2011, fp: G. polygama   , 11-SRNP-56261 [ USN- MENT01462928]. GoogleMaps  

Other specimens examined: BELIZE: 3♀♀, 1♂, San Ignacio , 17–18.V.1990, 17.VI.1990, L.C. Dow [ MGCL];   2♀♀, 4♂♂, 6.IV.1989 [ MGCL];   1♂, San Ignacio, Maya Mt. Lodge , 3.IV.1989, L.C. Dow [ MGCL];   1♀, 1♂, Chiquibul For [est]., 5.IV.89, L.C. Dow [ MGCL];   2♂♂, M[oun]t[ai]n. Pine Ridge, Thompson ̍ s Line , 10.IV. IV.89, L.C. Dow [ MGCL];   2♀, 2♂, 14.V.1990; 8.V.1990, L.C. Dow [ MGCL];   1♀, M[oun]t[ai]n Pine Ridge, Privassion Line , 12.IV. 89, L.C. Dow [ MGCL];   2♀, 1♂, M[oun]t[ai]n Pine Ridge, Granite Cairn , 22.V.1990;   19.V. 1990, L.C. Dow [ MGCL];   Cockscomb W.S., Jaguar Pres ., 3♀♀, 1 ♂, 14.IV.89;   1♂, 1♀, 10–12.V.1990;   4♀, 4.VI.1990;   1♂, 26-27.V.1990;   1♀, 18–19.VI.1990;   1♂, 4.VI.1990, L.C. Dow [ MGCL].   BRAZIL: Bahia: 1♀, 1♂, Camacan, Res. Serra Bonita , 800 m, 15 ° 23’ S, 39 ° 33 ̍ W, 24.XI‒2.XII. 2013, uvl, B. Landry and V. Becker [MNHG];   1♂, 24.III.2011 [MNHG];   1♂, 25.III.2011 [MNHG];   1♀, 5.IV.2011 [MNHG].   COSTA RICA: Alajuela: 1♀, dissection #02811, El Bosque Nuevo, 11 ° 03.165" N, 85 ° 21.283 ̍ W, 17‒18.IX.2009, A. Sourakov [ MGCL];   1♂, 1♀, 5 km E Santa Cecilia , Bosque Nuevo, 11 ° 03.165" N (incomplete), 7‒17.IX.2007, C. Whelan [ MGCL];   Guanacaste: 1♀, Volcan Rincon de la Vieja, Las Bromelias , app. 10 ° 52 ̍ N, 85 ° 19 ̍ W, 640 m, 13‒16.IX.2009, A. Sourakov [ MGCL].   ECUADOR: Los Rios: 1♀, Quevado , mercury vapor light, 3.V.1986, D.H. Habeck [ MGCL].   FRENCH GUIANA: 1♂, St. Laurent du Maroni, no date, Dognin [USNMEN- T 01116237];   1♂, ch. Forestier sur Route de Kaw @ pk 40, 264 m, N 04 ° 32.138’, W 052 ° 07.398’, 26.II.2008, uvl, B. Landry, C. Reuteler [MNHG]; GoogleMaps   2♂♂, 280 m, N 04 ° 32.523’, W 052 ° 07.508’, 02.IV.2008, MVL [MNHG]; GoogleMaps   1♂, 303 m, N 04 ° 34.259’, W 052 ° 12.803’, 05.IV.2008, MVL, B. Landry, C. Reuteler, D. Néron, P. Arnaud, L. Riolon [MNHG]. GoogleMaps   GUATE- MALA: Suchitepequez: 1♀, Finca Los Tarrales , 1100 m, at light, 6.VI.05, C. V. Covell, Jr. [ MGCL].   HONDURAS: Atlántida: Pico Bonito Lodge , 15 ° 41 ̍ 48"N, 86 ° 54 ̍ 04"W, MVL, D. Matthews and J.Y. Miller [data provided by D. Matthews]: 13.V. 2010 [ MGCL 220964];   12.V.2010 [ MGCL 220965];   12.VIII.2010 [ MGCL 220966];   10.V.2010 [ MGCL 220967];   8.VIII.2010 [ MGCL 220968;   MGCL 220975;   MGCL 220976];   7.V.2010 [ MGCL 220969];   13.V.2010 [ MGCL 220 - 970];   7.V.2010 [ MGCL 220971;   MGCL 220972;   MGCL 220974];   9.VIII.2010 [ MGCL 220973];   15.XI.2009 [ MGCL 220977;   MGCL 220979];   9.V.2010 [MG- CL 220978 View Materials ];   13.VIII.2010 MGCL 220 - 980];   14.V.2010 [ MGCL 220981];   13. VIII.2010 [ MGCL 220982];   13.XI.2009 [ MGCL 22097283];   13.VI.2012 [ MGCL 223460];   15.VI.2012 [ MGCL 223745;   MGCL 223773];   D. Matthews, J.Y. Miller, L. B. Martinez Pineda, 30.V.2011 [ MGCL 220984];   1♀, Pico Bonito Lodge , coll. At MVL; 15 ° 4 1 ̍ 48"N, 86 ° 54 ̍ 04"W, 25.VI.2010, C. V. Covell, Jr. [ MGCL];   1♂, Pico Bonito Lodge, coll. At MVL; 15 ° 4 1 ̍ 48"N, 86 ° 54 ̍ 04"W, 26.VI.2010, C. V. Covell, Jr. [ MGCL]. MEXICO: Chiapas : 1♂, Palenque , 13.X.17, H.L. King [ MGCL];   Durango: 1♀, El Salto , at blacklight, 2.VII.1968, D. Weems [ MGCL].   PANAMA: Canal Zone: 1♀, Barro Colo . I[s]l[an]d, 4927, Lot No. 42-4149;   at light, 20.III.1942, J. Zetek [ USN- MENT01116246];   1♀, no date, J. Zetek [USNMENT01116068];   1♀, Rio Trinidad, 15‒31.III.1912, A. Busck [ USN- MENT01116235].   Surinam: Brokopondo: 2♀, Brownsberg, rainforest camp, UV Light , 29.I.1982, O. Pellmyr [ USN- MENT01116232, USNMENT01116233].   VENEZUELA: Aragua: 1♀, PN H. Pittier, Paso de Portachuelo , 1136 m, N 10 ° 20.851’, W067 ° 41.276’, uvl, 19. VII.2009, B. Landry [ MHNG]; GoogleMaps   1♂, Est. Rancho Grande, Sendero A. Field , 1208 m, N 10 ° 21.020’, W067 ° 41.035’, uvl, 23.VII.2009, B. Landry [ MHNG]; GoogleMaps   Monagas: 1♀, streamside Caripe Road, 2 km up from Cumane-Maturia Highway , est. 1000 m, 3.II.1994, J.D. and E. R. Hedbor [ MGCL];   Zulia: 2♀♀, Guasare coal camp, 45 km W Carrasquero , Sierra Perija , 80‒140 m, 19‒25.VIII.1981, J. Heppner [ MGCL].  

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Crambidae

Genus

Asturodes