Sania marjoriae Mason, 1983

Sharkey, Michael, van Noort, Simon & Whitfield, James, 2009, Revision of Khoikhoiinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae), ZooKeys 20 (20), pp. 299-348 : 337

publication ID 10.3897/zookeys.20.108

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Sania marjoriae Mason, 1983


Sania marjoriae Mason, 1983 View in CoL

Holotype female. Body Length. 4.0 mm <3.4 – 4.0 mm.>. Color. Mostly dark brown to black; mottled black or dark brown and pale brown except laterotergite 1 and margins of most metasomal sclerites whitish, left and right sides of the holotype vary considerably with the right side much lighter ( Fig. 24 View Figure 24 ), <the extent of pale brown color varies considerably but dark brown to black always predominates in the examined specimens>. Forewing mostly weakly infuscate but less so anterobasally and at midlength ( Fig. 25E View Figure 25 ), or clear basally, infuscate in apical half. Head. Number of flagellomeres 28 <24 – 28>. Scape flared apicoanteriorly with expanded apical surface ( Figs. 3A View Figure 3 , 25B View Figure 25 ). Antennal scrobe shallow ( Figs. 3A View Figure 3 , 25B View Figure 25 ), or flat; mostly smooth lacking punctures and microsetae, with very weak irregular sculpture laterally. Clypeus mostly smooth with weak punctures ( Fig. 25A View Figure 25 ); without median tooth ( Fig. 25A View Figure 25 ). Gena with weak rugose microsculpture ( Fig. 25A View Figure 25 ). Face mostly punctate with some weak rugae especially dorsally ( Fig. 25A View Figure 25 ). Area between antennal scrobe and inner orbit of eye without protuberance ( Fig. 25A View Figure 25 ). Vertex with weak punctures ( Fig. 24A View Figure 24 ). Posterior orbit of eye with distinct crenulate margin, or lacking distinct crenulate margin ( Fig. 25B View Figure 25 ). Mesosoma. Middle lobe of scutum entirely smooth with punctures ( Fig. 25C View Figure 25 ). Notauli entirely crenulate ( Fig. 25C View Figure 25 ). Mesopleuron at least partly smooth with punctures ( Figs. 3E View Figure 3 , 24C View Figure 24 ). Sternaulus long, occupying most of length of mesopleuron ( Figs. 3E View Figure 3 , 24C View Figure 24 ). Discrimen (median longitudinal ventral sulcus between mesopleura) crenulate. Metapleuron mostly rugose, lacking a large smooth lightly punctate area ( Fig. 24C View Figure 24 ). Propodeum mostly rugose with smooth area posterolaterally ( Fig. 25C View Figure 25 ). Metasoma. Median tergite 1 distinctly narrowed posteriorly ( Figs. 2C View Figure 2 , 25D View Figure 25 ) completely rugose ( Figs. 2C View Figure 2 , 25D View Figure 25 ). Hypopygium subequal to half length of metasoma (Figs. 1A, 24B); extending past apical tergum (Figs. 1A, 24B). Ovipositor more than half as long as metasoma (Figs. 1A, 24B). Setae of ovipositor sheath 1 to 2× as long as sheath width (Figs. 1A, 24B).

Male. Antenna slightly sexually dimorphic with the female antennae shorter and tapering slightly more rapidly than those of male.

Diagnosis. Scape flared apicoanteriorly with expanded apical surface; median tergite 1 distinctly narrowed posteriorly and completely rugose ( Fig. 25D View Figure 25 ).

Material Examined. Holotype female: South Africa: Jonkershoek , near Stellenbosch, 33°57’33.74”S, 18°55’10.23”E, 227m, 18.XII.1970, V. Whitehead ( AEI) GoogleMaps

Other specimens. 5 females, 9 males, South Africa: Western Cape, 10 km S. Clanwilliam, Malaise on sandy hill, 32°13’39”S, 18°50’50”E, 140m, 5–25.X.2004, ME Irwin, FD Parker, M Hauser ( SAMC, HIC, INHS).

Distribution. Distribution map is available at Misc/generalmapper.php?table= khoikhoiinae &genus= Sania &species=marjoriae.

Etymology. “Dedicated to Marjorie Townes, whose quiet labors over many years have contributed so greatly to the production of the ‘Townes and Townes’ team.” ( Mason 1983: p. 51).

Note. This species is referred to as Sania sp. n. 4 in the molecular study by Murphy et al. (2008).


Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium


American Entomological Institute


Iziko Museums of Cape Town


Hymenoptera Institute Collection, University of Kentucky


Illinois Natural History Survey













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