Khoikhoia townesi Mason, 1983

Sharkey, Michael, van Noort, Simon & Whitfield, James, 2009, Revision of Khoikhoiinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae), ZooKeys 20 (20), pp. 299-348: 325-326

publication ID 10.3897/zookeys.20.108

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Khoikhoia townesi Mason, 1983


Khoikhoia townesi Mason, 1983  

Holotype female. Body Length. 6.4 mm. Color. Mottled dark brown and yellowish brown except laterotergite 1 and margins of most metasomal sclerites whitish, head and mesothorax predominantly yellowish brown (Fig. 14). Forewing mostly weakly infuscate but less so anterobasally and at midlength (Fig. 15E), or clear basally, infuscate in apical half. Head. Number of flagellomeres 35 <31–39>. Scape flared apicoanteriorly with expanded apical surface (Fig. 15B). Antennal scrobe deep (Fig. 15B); entirely transversely rugosostriate. Gena transversely rugosostriate anteriorly, longitu-

Figure |5. Khoikhoia townesi Mason, 1983   , female, holotype A head anterior view B head, lateral view C mesosoma, dorsal view D propodeum, metasomal tergites, dorsal view E wings F data labels.

dinally rugosostriate posteriorly (Fig. 15A, B). Face entirely rugose (Fig. 15A). Area between antennal scrobe and inner orbit of eye with protuberance (Fig. 15A). Vertex with strong coarse punctures (Fig. 14A). Posterior orbit of eye with distinct crenulate margin (Fig. 15B). Mesosoma. Middle lobe of scutum entirely rugosopunctate (Fig. 15C). Notauli entirely crenulate (Fig. 15C). Mesopleuron entirely rugosopunctate or rugose (Fig. 14C). Sternaulus absent or difficult to discern due to dense sculpture of mesopleuron (Fig. 14C). Discrimen (median longitudinal ventral sulcus between mesopleura) crenulate. Metapleuron mostly rugose, lacking a large smooth lightly punctate area (Fig. 14C). Propodeum entirely rugose without smooth area posterolaterally (Fig. 15C, D). Metasoma. Median tergite 1 not distinctly narrowed posteriorly (Fig. 15D); completely rugose (Fig. 15D). Hypopygium less than 1/3 length of metasoma (Fig. 1F, 14B); not extending past apical tergum (Fig. 1F, 14B). Ovipositor barely exserted, much shorter than metasoma (Fig. 1F, 14B). Setae of ovipositor sheath not longer than 2× width of ovipositor sheath (Fig. 1F).

Male. Unknown.

Diagnosis. Middle lobe of scutum entirely rugosopunctate (Fig. 15C); mesopleuron entirely rugosopunctate (Fig. 14C). Khoikhoia townesi   is very similar to K. turneri   , and may be a senior synonym. The only appreciable differences are slight sculptural differences on the face and the middle lobe of the mesoscutum, and rather slight color differences (see figure associated with couplet 5 in the key).

Material Examined. Holotype female: South Africa, Grahamstown , 33°18’37.50”S, 26°31’30.22”E, 545m, II.1972, Fred Gess ( AEI). GoogleMaps  

Distribution. Distribution map is available at Misc/generalmapper.php?table= khoikhoiinae   &genus= Khoikhoia   &species=townesi. The sole specimen of this species, together with the single specimen of Sania henryi   (Northern Cape Province) are the only representatives of Khoikhoiinae   collected outside of the Western Cape Province. Like its congeners, Khoikhoia townesi   is probably still associated with Fynbos, as Grahamstown lies at the extreme eastern limits of this biome.

Etymology. Although not specified in Mason (1983), this is a patronym for Henry Townes.


American Entomological Institute